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Why do hemorrhoids itch?

BingMag Explains why do hemorrhoids itch

Hemorrhoids can itch due to several reasons:

1. Inflammation:

Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels in the rectum or anus. When these blood vessels become inflamed, they can cause itching.

2. Irritation:

Hemorrhoids can be irritated by various factors such as excessive wiping, using rough toilet paper, or using harsh soaps or cleansers. This irritation can lead to itching.

3. Moisture:

Excessive moisture in the anal area, such as from sweating or inadequate drying after bowel movements, can contribute to itching.

4. Poor hygiene:

Insufficient cleaning of the anal area can lead to the accumulation of fecal matter, which can cause itching.

5. Skin conditions:

People with pre-existing skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis may experience itching in the anal area, including hemorrhoids.

It is important to note that persistent or severe itching may indicate a more serious underlying condition and should be evaluated by a healthcare professional.

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen blood vessels located in the rectum or anus. They can be internal, occurring inside the rectum, or external, developing under the skin around the anus. While itching is a common symptom of hemorrhoids, it is important to understand the underlying causes to address the issue effectively.

There are several reasons why hemorrhoids may itch:

1. Inflammation and Irritation:

Hemorrhoids can become inflamed and irritated due to various factors such as straining during bowel movements, chronic constipation or diarrhea, sitting for prolonged periods, or excessive rubbing or cleaning of the anal area. This inflammation triggers the release of histamines, which can cause itching.

2. Dryness:

Hemorrhoids can lead to dryness in the affected area due to the loss of moisture caused by inflammation. Dry skin is more prone to itching, and this can exacerbate the discomfort associated with hemorrhoids.

3. Mucus Discharge:

Hemorrhoids can produce excess mucus, which acts as a lubricant to facilitate bowel movements. However, this mucus can also cause irritation and itching when it comes into contact with the sensitive skin around the anus.

4. Fecal Residue:

Stool residue left on the skin after bowel movements can cause itching. Hemorrhoids can make it difficult to clean the anal area thoroughly, leading to the accumulation of fecal matter. The presence of bacteria in the stool can further aggravate the itching sensation.

5. Skin Sensitivity:

The skin around the anus is delicate and sensitive. Hemorrhoids can cause the skin to stretch, become thinner, or develop small cracks or fissures. These changes can make the skin more susceptible to irritation and itching.

6. Secondary Infections:

Scratching the itchy hemorrhoids can break the skin, creating an entry point for bacteria. This can lead to secondary infections, such as cellulitis or abscesses, which can cause additional itching and discomfort.

7. Allergic Reactions:

Some individuals may develop an allergic reaction to certain substances, such as soaps, detergents, or toilet paper. These allergic reactions can cause itching and irritation in the anal area, exacerbating the discomfort caused by hemorrhoids.

To alleviate the itching associated with hemorrhoids, several measures can be taken:

1. Proper Hygiene:

Maintaining good hygiene is crucial. Gently clean the anal area with mild, unscented soap and warm water after each bowel movement. Avoid using rough toilet paper and opt for soft, unscented wipes or a bidet if available.

2. Moisturize:

Applying a gentle, fragrance-free moisturizer or petroleum jelly to the affected area can help alleviate dryness and reduce itching.

3. Avoid Scratching:

Although it may be tempting, scratching the hemorrhoids can worsen the itching and potentially lead to complications. Instead, try using a cold compress or applying over-the-counter hemorrhoid creams or ointments to soothe the area.

4. Dietary Changes:

Consuming a high-fiber diet and drinking plenty of water can help soften the stool, making bowel movements easier and reducing the strain on hemorrhoids. This can alleviate inflammation and itching.

5. Topical Treatments:

Over-the-counter creams, ointments, or suppositories containing hydrocortisone or witch hazel can provide temporary relief from itching and inflammation. However, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional before using any medication.

6. Warm Baths:

Soaking in a warm bath for 10-15 minutes, several times a day, can help reduce inflammation, relieve itching, and promote healing.

If the itching persists or becomes severe, or if you experience bleeding, intense pain, or any other concerning symptoms, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment. They can provide guidance on managing hemorrhoids and recommend further interventions if necessary, such as rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, or surgery.

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