Why is the energy consumption of desktop computers increasing day by day?

The speed of development of desktop computers is increasing day by day, but these attractive developments come at the cost of increasing energy consumption. Apparently, Nvidia, Intel and AMD are not going to stop this trend, but what are the consequences of this trend?

BingMag.com Why is the energy consumption of desktop computers increasing day by day?

The speed of development of desktop computers is increasing day by day, but these attractive developments come at the cost of increasing energy consumption. Apparently, Nvidia, Intel and AMD are not going to stop this trend, but what are the consequences of this trend?

The main problem

The latest parts introduced by Nvidia, Intel and AMD are extremely powerful. However, the increase in hardware power comes at the cost of increasing energy consumption, and this is the same trend that we have witnessed in recent years. It offers much more, but on the other hand, its energy consumption reaches 450 watts. This means that the energy consumption of this graphics card is 100 watts more than the previous generation and the same size as the RTX 3090 Ti. Therefore, if Nvidia is looking to release the RTX 4090 Ti, it is likely that this graphics card will go to the market with an energy consumption between 550 and 600 watts. We should mention that the new generation of graphics processor used in Nvidia graphics cards can receive up to 800 watts of energy.

BingMag.com Why is the energy consumption of desktop computers increasing day by day?

In terms of processors, we can mention, for example, Ryzen 9 7950X from AMD, which has 16 cores and 24 threads. The thermal design power of this processor reaches 170 watts, and considering the 230-watt limit of the AM5 socket, it can consume up to this amount of energy. For comparison, we should say that the thermal design power of the previous generation of this processor, Ryzen 9 5950X, was only 105 watts. On the other hand, although the thermal design power of Intel Core i9-13900K reaches 125 watts, usually Intel processors in Stressful situations can consume much more energy. For example, the maximum energy consumption of the previous generation of this processor, i.e. Core i9-12900K, reaches 250 watts.

Why is it so important to optimize energy consumption?

BingMag.com Why is the energy consumption of desktop computers increasing day by day?

But in 2022, 650 watts of power is no longer enough to assemble a powerful gaming case. For example, with the RTX 4090 graphics and the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X processor, only these two parts consume about 620 watts of energy, and therefore there is no more room for a sudden increase in energy consumption and power supply for other parts. Therefore, for such a system, you must use at least 850 watts of power, and buying 1000 watts of power will not be unreasonable. Meanwhile, if you are looking for overclocking parts, you probably need a power with more power.

Until a few years ago, buying a thousand-watt power was completely irrational, but now it has become a logical and conventional option. This topic shows the trend of increasing power consumption of parts. On the other hand, we should also mention the increase in the price of the electricity bill, which is especially felt for people who spend many hours rendering and playing games. At the same time, the increase in electricity consumption causes a lot of damage to the environment.

What can be done to change these conditions?

BingMag.com Why is the energy consumption of desktop computers increasing day by day?

Chip manufacturers are also well aware of this problem, but for now, other things are more important for these companies. As you probably know, with the development of chip manufacturing technology, more transistors can be installed in a limited space. The same improvement in manufacturing technology leads to a reduction in energy consumption. But due to the competition between companies, they don't want to lose their market share and therefore they always seek to provide maximum power from parts, which naturally leads to an increase in energy consumption. Although all users are looking to get more power from these hardware parts, companies should think about implementing innovations to reduce energy consumption.

In any case, the fact is that this trend of increasing consumption will continue in the near future. The energy of hardware components will continue, but due to the high speed of innovations, there will probably be significant improvements in this field in the near future.

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