In recent days, the naming of a fish named Ali Daei, a footballer named after the country, has made headlines. But this is not the first time that prominent Iranian personalities have been named after fish, other animals and creatures, and this has a long history.
A new species borrowed from Ali Daei by a team A study led by Seyed Hamed Mousavi, a faculty member of the University of Guilan, has been discovered. This team, consisting of Iranian and German members, has been named after Ali Daei's humanitarian activities after the 2018 earthquake in the west of Kermanshah province, which is the only habitat of this fish.
Or "Glyptothorax Ali Daei" (Glyptothorax Alidaeii) so far has been found only in the source rivers in the upper Karkheh drainage, Seymareh River in the southwest of Kermanshah. During 10 years of research, about 5 species of catfish have been discovered and introduced. Other species are called "Hossein Panahi", "Galaxy", "Palens" and "Shapouri", respectively.
A species of fish named Ali Daei.
Credit: Hamed Mousavi-Sabet, Maryam Saemi-Komsari, Ignacio Doadrio, Jrg Freyhof
Why is a scientific name necessary?
While common names of animal species are often sufficient among humans, these names also have limitations. There may be regional differences in common letters that refer to a particular species, and even in different countries, fish species may have completely different names.
For example. The species of fish known as the Atlantic wolffish has many names throughout the UK. This fish is known by different names: eel wolf, sea wolf, sea cat, devil fish, puffy fish, catfish and Atlantic catfish. Another species, known as the "Lesser-spotted dogfish" in the United Kingdom, is known in the United States as the "Small-spotted catshark."
Not commonly used for letters, despite nicknames, informal letters, and regional terms formed over time, they can easily be confusing.
This may not be a big problem for locals, though. But it is not a good system for scientists and researchers to use. Because they need a precise and organized system that allows them to accurately identify different species. The scientific naming system was created not only for fish species but also for the naming of all living things on the planet. History and Development Started by Carl Linnaeus, who lived from 1707 to 1778. Realizing that common records were not accurate enough to list the many species of animals and plants on planet Earth, he devoted his life to a system that would allow him to accurately record and classify the species he had discovered./p>
He created a hierarchical system by which each animal was given a two-part scientific (two-part) scientific name that identified each living thing and also each creature in its specific position in It contained an arithmetic classification.
In the system created by Linnaeus, which is based in part on logic and in part on biology, dynasties are the broadest categories. Then, based on the degree of divergence, there are branches (Phylum), category (Classe), order (Order), family or arrow (Family), genus (Genus) and species (Species). Groups of organisms in each of these classifications are called a "taxon." However, scientists and scientific societies have sought to adapt and modify the ideas first expressed by Linnaeus to ensure Find that this naming system is still compatible with new discoveries and developments. The highest class of animals is now called the Domain.
This means that once a species is given a scientific name, no other species can have the same name, and so scientists can be sure of this. Use the name to describe a species without being misunderstood or confused with other species.
Finally, this method is named by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) . An institution that, according to itself, advises and judges the zoological community by producing and disseminating information about the correct use of animal scientific letters. ICZN ensures that scientific letters are used and cited correctly, and that disputes over the correct scientific name for a species are resolved.
Zoological Nomenclature) which determines the rules of production of the scientific name of animals and is updated with new developments and discoveries. While this system may seem complicated, it is actually very simple, and this is one of the reasons why the Linnaean system of scientific letters is still used today.
7 million different animal species around the world, it is easy to see why an integrated and formal naming system is needed.
How does the scientific naming system work?
Scientific letters (also called binary letters or Latin letters) consist of two parts. The first is a generic name based on the genus from which the species is derived, and the second is the name of a specific name and refers only to the species. Therefore, two closely related species may have similar scientific names.
For example, coalfish and coalfish are closely related, and therefore both have Pollocks as the first part of their name and with the second part of their name. They are distinguished from each other. Thus, charcoal has the scientific name of Pollachius pollachius and the scientific name of the coalfish is Pollachius virens. . In fact, it was an ICZN founding principle to replace previous versions of naming codes with the release of newer versions.
For example, it was once believed that there was a species of" Skate "in British waters: "Ordinary fish square" (Dipturus batis). But in 2009 new evidence showed that this unique species is not really one, but two separate species. Thus the former scientific name was discarded and now the letters Dipturus flossada and Dipturus intermedia are used to describe the two species.
Celebrities and scientific letters
Sometimes Sometimes this name is done to appreciate a person who has made great achievements in a particular field. For example, a number of animal species have been named after Sir David Attenborough, a British naturalist and documentary filmmaker, for his many efforts to preserve and preserve nature. Among them is Materpiscis attenboroughii, an endangered species of armored fish. He is also named after a species of flowering tree called Blakea attenboroughii, a species of spider Prethopalpus Attenboroughi, and an endangered insectivorous plant Nepenthes attenboroughii.
They do, or they have quite humorous letters. For example, a species of ground beetle known as the Agra schwarzeneggeri is named after the resemblance of the beetle's prominent foreleg legs to the biceps and the famous Arnold Schwarzenegger muscles.
Named after the biliary fly Preseucoila imallshookupis, which is based on one of Elvis Presley's songs "I'm All Shook Up." In addition, many other celebrities, such as Barack Obama Lou Reed, Pink Floyd, George W. Bush, J .; R. R. Tolkien, Bill Gates, Kate Winslet, Angelina Jolie, and many others also have species of animals and beasts named after them.
Great figures such as Ferdowsi and Hafez and figures such as Amirkabir, Majid Samiei, Mohammad Reza Shajarian, Maryam Mirzakhani, Ra'is Ali Delvari and even martyr guards such as Saeed Parham have been named.
Credit: Shafaie, Sepideh; Mirshamsi, Omid; Aliabadian, Mansour; Moradmand, Majid; Marusik, Yuri M.
Difficulty in Discovering New Species
Although a large number of terrestrial animal species are still unknown, and according to some studies this figure reaches 86%, species discovery Fresh is very difficult, complicated and costly. What has been discovered so far are the ones that are easy to find, obvious and relatively large.
About 1.2 million species of animals are known to science so far, and many species are still unknown, each of which requires It costs money and years of scientific research. But perhaps the advancement of technology can also have an effect on this field and be an age of discovery for mankind to discover more than what is known so far.
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Sources: Tehran Times, ISNA, British Sea Fishing, Treatment Bank, National Geographic, ZooTaxa, NCBI