What is a supercomputer and what is it used for?

Technology is advancing at an incredible speed. About 50 years ago, man set foot on the moon using technologies that now look ridiculous. In fact, the hardware power of the phone in your pocket is thousands of times that of the computers used for the Apollo 11 mission in 1969. Because of the rapid pace of change, we now use supercomputers to better understand the world and other such tasks. But what is a supercomputer and what exactly is it used for? We will discuss this topic further.

BingMag.com What is a supercomputer and what is it used for?

Technology is advancing at an incredible speed. About 50 years ago, man set foot on the moon using technologies that now look ridiculous. In fact, the hardware power of the phone in your pocket is thousands of times that of the computers used for the Apollo 11 mission in 1969. Because of the rapid pace of change, we now use supercomputers to better understand the world and other such tasks. But what is a supercomputer and what exactly is it used for? We will discuss this topic further.

What is a supercomputer?

BingMag.com What is a supercomputer and what is it used for?

A supercomputer actually performs the same tasks as a normal computer, but on a much larger scale. Inside a supercomputer there may be thousands of processors, and as a result, it can operate millions of times faster than a normal computer. To compare the performance of old supercomputers, the IPS unit or "instructions per second" was used, but for the new supercomputers, the unit of flops or "floating point operations per second" is used.

Currently the most powerful supercomputer in the world called Frontier It is located in America. This supercomputer uses a total of 8,730,112 processing cores and its processing power reaches 1.1 exaflops. 600 million dollars have been spent to build this supercomputer. In the second place is the Japanese supercomputer Fugaku, which was built by Fujitsu company and its power is 442 petaflops.

What is the supercomputer used for?

BingMag.com What is a supercomputer and what is it used for?

But why do companies and even some governments develop such supercomputers? In what fields are these powerful processing systems used? Supercomputers are used in thousands of different fields, and we will discuss only a few of them below. Supercomputers are in the field of weather forecasting. Supercomputers can increase the accuracy of this prediction by examining a larger amount of information. For example, Microsoft, with an investment of 1 billion pounds from the British government, is building a specialized supercomputer for weather forecasting.

Running various simulations

BingMag.com What is a supercomputer and what is it used for?

Running a simulation is a great way to predict the outcome of an activity without actually doing it. For example, to design better airplanes, flight is simulated in different environmental conditions. We can also mention the simulations related to the atomic bomb and other military matters.

Scientific researches

Scientists usually work with a huge amount of data and supercomputers They increase the speed of the data processing process. For example, in 2020, at the height of the Corona crisis, researchers used the Summit supercomputer belonging to IBM for calculations related to epidemiology, bioinformatics and molecular modeling, and with this work, they achieved the desired results faster. NASA scientists also use supercomputers for advanced calculations related to black holes, spacecraft motion, and other such things.

A supercomputer in your pocket

BingMag.com What is a supercomputer and what is it used for?

You are probably familiar with the famous Moore's Law. According to this law, the speed of computers doubles every two years. Thanks to this exponential growth, many things that were impossible to do before are now easy to do. Just ten years ago, concepts such as virtual reality, cloud-based games, metaverse and many others were limited to the imaginations of a few specialists.

But now even the phone in your pocket is a processing giant. It is considered omnipotent, and as a result, companies are looking to make the most of this growing power.

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Source: MakeUseOf

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