A super-Earth with the possibility of having life conditions was discovered

Astronomers have discovered a super-Earth-type exoplanet that orbits a red dwarf star only 37 light-years away from the solar system and may have conditions

BingMag.com A super-Earth with the possibility of having life conditions was discovered

Astronomers have discovered a super-Earth-type exoplanet that orbits a red dwarf star only 37 light-years away from the solar system and may have conditions

This new exoplanet, discovered by NASA using the Subaru telescope, is classified as a super-Earth, and its parent star is an M-type star.

In explaining the discovery, NASA wrote: The planet's orbit takes it in and out of its star's habitable zone. Such a planet may be able to hold water on its surface and will be an important target for future observations in the field of studying the possibility of life around low-mass stars such as the M-dwarf in this study."

  • A hot super-Earth was discovered near the solar system

Red dwarf stars are considered relatively cool and have a temperature between 2000 and 3500 Kelvin. Such a low temperature makes them faint in the visible spectrum, and astronomers must study them in the infrared spectrum.

Thus, the Japan Astrobiology Center installed an infrared spectrometer called the "Infrared Doppler Instrument" (IRD) on the telescope. Subaru installed in Hawaii. Thus, this is the first discovery by a new instrument in the Subaru telescope and provides an opportunity to investigate the possibility of life in planets around nearby stars.

Ross 508 b, however, is the third planet in total around such a low-mass star. Can be found. Its average distance from its mother star is only one-twentieth of the distance between Earth and the Sun. According to astronomers, the highly elliptical orbit of this planet takes it to the life belt of the mother star every 11 days.

Hiroki Harakawa, the main researcher of this study, whose results were published in the Journal of the Astronomical Society of Japan has arrived, said: "Previous infrared observations were not accurate enough to detect low-mass planets such as super-Earths." According to him, this discovery shows that the IRD instrument is even capable of detecting such planets on its own. And it helps to detect stars around stars that we can't see in visible light.

  • New type of conditions for the formation of life in exoplanets discovered

Cover photo: The structure of the planetary system Ross 508
Credit: Astrobiology Center

Sources: Space, Tech Explorist

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