SpaceX’s Freedom spacecraft has successfully returned home

After 170 days in space, the crewed SpaceX spacecraft returned to Earth with four Crew-4 astronauts on a successful NASA-SpaceX mission to the station. International Space Station has ended.

BingMag.com SpaceX’s Freedom spacecraft has successfully returned home

After 170 days in space, the crewed SpaceX spacecraft returned to Earth with four Crew-4 astronauts on a successful NASA-SpaceX mission to the station. International Space Station has ended.

After two days of delay due to weather conditions, finally on Friday at 16:55 EST (00:25 Saturday morning Tehran time) SpaceX's manned Dragon spacecraft, which uses the version In this mission known as "Freedom" or "Freedom", it landed on the shores of Jacksonville, Florida under a clear blue sky and calm waters.

The spacecraft landed in the Earth's atmosphere as planned went First two initial parachutes and then four final parachutes were opened at set times to bring the spacecraft's descent speed to 25 km/h. The mission went so well that Kjell Lindgren, the commander of NASA's Crew-4 mission, said to the control team after landing: "SpaceX, from inside the Freedom spacecraft, would like to thank you for an incredible ride into Earth orbit and a Thanks for the incredible ride home.

Lindgren led a mission that included fellow NASA astronauts Robert Hines and Jessica Watkins, as well as ESA astronauts. It was Samantha Cristoforetti. After landing, two speedboats went to the spacecraft to identify the position and allow the capsule to be placed on the "Megan" recovery ship, and finally the astronauts could leave.

This mission, named Crew- 4 was the fourth operational mission to the International Space Station that SpaceX performed for NASA. In the past weeks, this company sent four more astronauts to the space station for a six-month stay with the "Cro-5" mission. Apart from these 5 operational flights, an initial demonstration mission in 2020 and two private space flights including "Inspiration-4" and "Axiom-1" have also been carried out by SpaceX. to space by this company to 30 people.

BingMag.com SpaceX’s Freedom spacecraft has successfully returned home

In a little over two years, the company Private SpaceX surpassed the total number of astronauts in China, whose manned spaceflight program dates back to 2003. And since Crew Dragon has been operational, it has put more people into orbit than the Russian Soyuz spacecraft in the same period. The Dragon spacecraft had several technical glitches, including a problematic toilet and a parachute that deployed late in one flight; Meanwhile, NASA officials were very pleased with the vehicle's overall performance.

The spacecraft safely restored the United States' ability to carry out human spaceflight, which had been delayed since the retirement of the Space Shuttle. If Dragon wasn't available, NASA would have been at a disadvantage in relying on the Russian spacecraft during the Ukraine war.

Cro-5 was the last launch of 2022 for SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft, but it is expected in the first quarter of the year. 2023 to perform two missions. The launch of Crew-6 is scheduled for February (March) and will be commanded by NASA astronaut Steve Bowen, and another NASA astronaut, Warren Hoburg, will act as pilot. In addition, the Russian astronaut Andrey Fedyaev and the United Arab Emirates astronaut Sultan Al Neyadi will also be present as mission experts.

Then in early March (April ) well-known entrepreneur "Jared Isaacman" (Jared Isaacman) leads his second purchased mission with the Dragon capsule. "Polaris Dawn" (Polaris Dawn), which will be carried out with the aim of conducting the first private spacewalk in the world and research in the field of human space flight. He will be accompanied by mission pilot Scott Poteet and two mission specialists, Sarah Gillis and Anna Menon from SpaceX. They will be the first employees of the company to go into space in a Dragon capsule.

Photos: Return of SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft on the Crew-4 mission
Credit: NASA

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