As Intel and AMD are each other's main competitors in the world of computer processors, Snapdragon and MediaTek are among the main choices for users in the field of mobile chipsets. As the design and manufacture of chipsets becomes more and more difficult, only a handful of companies have the ability to manufacture and supply these components. In this article, we are going to discuss the most important differences between MediaTek and Qualcomm Snapdragon chipsets. In addition, by becoming more familiar with the specifications of the chipsets, you can make a better choice to choose the next phone.
- Everything you need to know about the mobile chipset (SoC)
Mobile chipset market share
In the chart below, you can see the market share of mobile chipsets made by different companies during the second quarter of 2019 and 2020 in different regions:
As you can see, expensive Apple phones are very popular in the North American market and occupy a small part of the European market. But on the other hand, there are a wide range of affordable Android phones in different parts of the world, for which Qualcomm and MediaTek chipsets play a leading role. In addition, before the US sanctions, Huawei had a lot to say about mobile chipsets, but of course it is not very active in this field.
One of the reasons for the success of MediaTek and Snapdragon chipsets is that there are all kinds of They cover prices. But before we get into the key differences between these chips, we need to make some important explanations about how these chips are made and functioned. )
The system on a chip, or SoC, is a complete processing system embedded in a single package. A SoC consists of several processing units, memory, modems, and other basic components housed inside a chip and mounted on a circuit board. The most important parts of a SoC are:
- Memory: RAM, ROM or EEPROM
- Processor: Unit Central processing with the responsibility of performing various processes
- GPU: Graphics processing unit with the responsibility of performing visual processing (game-related tasks, video editing, etc.)
- Communications: USB, HDMI, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth
You can change the graphics card, processor, RAM and even the motherboard on your PC. But in a smartphone, space is very limited and therefore you can not even change the RAM. Mobile chipsets take up very little space and their power consumption is very low, both of which are very important for smartphones.
So when it comes to smartphone performance, we can't completely separate the CPU and the GPU, and of course that is largely the case with computers. Given that hardware components are widely integrated into handsets, manufacturers should use the best available components according to their budget.
A look at Qualcomm's Snapdragon chipsets
Many users are unaware that Qualcomm acquired a subsidiary of AMD in 2009. That's why what we know today as the Adreno GPUs in Snapdragon chips have their roots in AMD.
So looking at Snapdragon chipsets, we are dealing with two basic parts. The original name of these chipsets follow a certain pattern, and on the other hand, we must mention the GPUs in them, which are an important part of the company's chips. Among the most important Snapdragon chips in recent years, we can mention the following examples:
- Snapdragon 888 (Adreno 660): OnePlus 9 Pro, Xiaomi Mix 4, Galaxy S21 Ultra (price range between 700 and $ 1,100)
- Snapdragon 870 (Adreno 650): Motorola Edge 20 Pro, Xiaomi Poco F3, Vivo X60 Pro (price range from $ 350 to $ 800)
- Snapdragon 865 (Adreno 650) ): Galaxy S20, OnePlus 8, Sony Xperia Pro (price range between $ 400 to $ 800)
All of these phones have a lot to say in terms of performance, and in terms of their price, issues like other parts of the phone and the policies of the manufacturer are also influential. The newer the model of a chipset, the better the performance and, of course, the higher the price.
The Snapdragon 600 and 700 series chipsets are commonly used for low-cost handsets, and the Snapdragon 800 series are flagship chips. They are considered to provide the best possible performance.
A look at MediaTek chipsets
Taiwanese company MediaTek started by making DVD players and TVs and Then he entered the world of chipsets. According to the latest reports, MediaTek is now the largest maker of mobile chipsets, sending Qualcomm into second place. In 2020 alone, the company was able to provide about 350 million mobile chipsets to various companies.
MediaTek uses the name Helio for its mobile chipsets, and unlike Qualcomm, the GPUs on these chipsets are not based on proprietary design, and the company uses Arm designs to do so. Among the most important MediaTek chipsets we can mention the following:
- Helio G95 (Mali-G76): Motorola Moto G60S, Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S
- Helio G90T (Mali- G76): Riley 6, Xiaomi Redmi Note 8 Pro
- Helio G85 (Mali-G52): Narzo 30A, Redmi Note 9
Unlike Snapdragon chipsets, MediaTek Products It offers itself at a low price to smartphone makers, which is why phones with these chipsets are usually cheaper.
Snapdragon vs. MediaTek; Power against price
Although always on the list of best smartphone performance The names of Snapdragon chipsets can be seen, but in the list of top 20 phones, we rarely see the names of MediaTek chipsets. Of course, we're talking about lists that include the Kieran Huawei, Samsung Exynos, and Apple A series chips.
Currently in the Android ecosystem, the Snapdragon 888 is the best chipset available, with only Apple's new chips performing better than They offer it. MediaTek's best chipset, the Helio G95, on the other hand, outperforms the Snapdragon 835 4 years ago in some respects. However, the low price of MediaTek chipsets is the hallmark of the company's products. Thanks to this strategy, MediaTek's chip market share is growing exponentially and will sooner or later become a strong competitor to Qualcomm.
- Why should Qualcomm worry about a peak? Is MediaTek in the market for mid-range chips?
Source: Make Use Of