See the photo of the moment the Dart spacecraft collided with the asteroid Dimorphos

The new photos released from the moment NASA's Dart spacecraft collided with the asteroid Dimorphos show better details of the human influence on space objects.

BingMag.com See the photo of the moment the Dart spacecraft collided with the asteroid Dimorphos

The new photos released from the moment NASA's Dart spacecraft collided with the asteroid Dimorphos show better details of the human influence on space objects.

Yesterday, humanity achieved a new and amazing achievement, and after years of planning, NASA succeeded in deliberately crashing a spacecraft into an asteroid for the first time to check the results.

In this mission, NASA's "Double Asteroid Redirection Test" or "DART" spacecraft at a distance of 11 million kilometers to the asteroid moon "Dimorphos", which orbits the larger asteroid "Didymos". ) spinning, collided to change its course.

Images transmitted by Dart's camera before impact showed the asteroid from the front, but in addition to this camera, an external observer also witnessed the impact.

To monitor this collision operation and to study its effects on Dimorphos, the Dart spacecraft is a microsatellite. It also carried the LICIAcube made by the Italian Space Agency, which was equipped with two optical cameras, LEIA and LUKE. This camera was placed in the right place before the collision and thus was able to capture the entire spectacular event.

BingMag.com See the photo of the moment the Dart spacecraft collided with the asteroid DimorphosBingMag.com See the photo of the moment the Dart spacecraft collided with the asteroid Dimorphos

In the images released by the instrument team, the large bright object is asteroid Didymus, and the fine, spider-like lines are clumps of dust thrown into space by the impact from Dimorphos. . Examining the details of these images will show how much of the asteroid was destroyed as a result of the impact and will also reveal information about its composition.

This information will help scientists to more accurately design missions. Have the future of changing the trajectory of asteroids and improve this technology based on the results obtained. Katarina Miljkovic, a planetologist at Curtin University in Australia, said about the results of the experiment: "Now we can start the scientific investigation."

Anyway, smashing a spacecraft into an asteroid wasn't just for fun! This mission is to test humanity's ability to change the path of asteroids that may be in the path of Earth in the future and threaten life on the planet.

BingMag.com See the photo of the moment the Dart spacecraft collided with the asteroid Dimorphos

The next step of this mission involves investigating changes in the asteroid's motion, and for this reason, Dimorphos was chosen as the target asteroid. The roughly 160-meter-wide asteroid orbits the 780-meter-wide Didymus in a wobbly dance about once every 11.9 hours. , we might have trouble using ground-based telescopes to measure such small changes. But an asteroid trapped in a known orbital period around a larger asteroid makes the study easier.

Milkovich said: "With the help of a collision event, we can learn about the mechanism of collisions with small objects."

He added: "This has not been done before and we needed a large-scale experiment based on Validate the real data of the models. This is to make sure that we know what to do in the event of an asteroid hitting the Earth.

Photos: NASA's Dart accidentally hit Asteroid Dimorphos
Credit: ASI/NASA

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