the project of building a super human; A fantasy or a workable project?

Whether you are a fan of watching superhero movies and series or not, it is almost every human's dream to be a superhero; In the sense that he uses intelligence, intelligence, awareness and powers that other ordinary people cannot access. However, is reaching a higher level for humans a fantasy or can we really reach this level of power with current technology? ": This statement is not only a baseless statement, but also leads the public's mind in this direction to underestimate their capabilities. Humans can use the countless powers of their brain and mind in the best possible way. The question is how and how can this be achieved? Is it possible to prescribe a recipe for becoming a superhuman for everyone? A recipe that can be extended to a fixed protocol.

BingMag.com the project of building a super human; A fantasy or a workable project?

Whether you are a fan of watching superhero movies and series or not, it is almost every human's dream to be a superhero; In the sense that he uses intelligence, intelligence, awareness and powers that other ordinary people cannot access. However, is reaching a higher level for humans a fantasy or can we really reach this level of power with current technology? ": This statement is not only a baseless statement, but also leads the public's mind in this direction to underestimate their capabilities. Humans can use the countless powers of their brain and mind in the best possible way. The question is how and how can this be achieved? Is it possible to prescribe a recipe for becoming a superhuman for everyone? A recipe that can be extended to a fixed protocol.

One of the approaches that has attracted the attention of many researchers at the moment is to increase the IQ in humans genetically. . Since the trait of "intelligence" in humans is more dependent on genetics, researchers are trying to ensure that humans are born with a high IQ.

Although the strategy to increase IQ seems simple. Genetics in this field is not the only factor that should be investigated and analyzed. Environmental factors also play an important role in improving IQ status in humans and even other organisms. However, there is an important challenge. Researchers have not yet been able to measure the exact effect of genetics and, on the other hand, environmental factors. With all these interpretations, scientists found that genes that play a very powerful role in regulating the nervous system (evolution and self-destruction process of cells) will also play a very important role in the process of improving IQ. FOXO3 and CSE1L genes have been reported as two important factors in this field.

Scientists are trying to monitor the genes of embryos during artificial insemination using IVF technology, the genes are edited and finally the embryos Transplanted into the mother's womb. Editing of genes is possible through CRISPR technology. However, using the CRISPR technique would be very expensive and time-consuming at the moment. On the other hand, this technology is currently not feasible for any family for the reasons mentioned.

Animal modeling

BingMag.com the project of building a super human; A fantasy or a workable project?

Researchers are trying to imitate animals. It is possible to become superhuman by exploiting the behavioral pattern of animals. For example, it is interesting to know that dogs can detect cancer in humans. This group of organisms have this ability by understanding the smell of gaseous organic substances emitted from the body of patients. Also, patients with epilepsy can be identified by dogs. Therefore, if we can discover the molecular mechanism of dogs to understand and understand gaseous organic substances released from the body of sick humans, we can be one step closer to becoming superhuman.

Dogs can also detect earthquakes and temperature changes. understand too; Because certain magnetic receptors are innately embedded in their visual system. If such magnetic receptors can be implanted in humans through genetic engineering and tissue engineering, humans will one day be able to understand this problem. Smaller creatures like spiders and even silkworms have very interesting and important powers in nature. For example, it is interesting to know that silk fibroin is a natural polymer that exists in silk cocoons. This polymer is strong enough to be used as cellular scaffolds. These scaffolds will be extremely useful when part of the bone and cartilage organ is injured; Because the process of self-healing and creation of new tissue will speed up. Self-healing and the process of making new tissue in the body of a living organism is another strategy and approach to become a superhuman.

Self-healing

BingMag.com the project of building a super human; A fantasy or a workable project?

Another component that can transform a human into a superhuman is the self-healing process. Normally, if the human body sees an injury, all cells are mobilized to repair the injury and regenerate living tissue. In science-fiction style movies, this component usually becomes the basis for creating interesting story plots. For example, in a story, you can watch people who can withstand rain of bullets and stand up again with strength. Now the question arises, how can a person increase the speed of healing in his body.

Cell therapy through the use of stem cells has been used intensively for several years. Stem cells show a very high proliferation ability. For this reason, it can be done by injecting stem cells Lesions speed up the healing process. For this purpose, cell therapy was gradually developed in more communities, and as a result, it will have more applicants in the future. However, cell therapy through stem cells is extremely expensive and even in advanced societies, few people are able to pay such a fee for treatment.

Cell therapy through stem cells is extremely expensive and even In advanced societies, fewer people are able to pay such a fee for treatment at the moment

Stem cells generally have the ability to turn into any type of cell; For example, a stem cell can turn into skin, muscle, blood or any other tissue under certain conditions. In humans, when stem cells differentiate, they do not revert to their original form under normal conditions. There is also a second rule that after differentiation, stem cells will not have the ability to differentiate again by default; That is, if a stem cell has turned into a skin cell, the cell does not naturally have the power to turn into a muscle cell. It is interesting to know that these laws do not apply to a creature in the current nature of the planet; A creature called a starfish that lives in the sea.

The cells in the body of a starfish are considered very unique. If we cut off one of the starfish's limbs, it will grow back very easily and without any trouble. Such a strong and perfect self-healing ability in starfish is due to the unique cells of this creature. In fact, starfish stem cells easily violate the second rule that we mentioned earlier. That is, stem cells that have been differentiated, if needed, become stem cells or the same original, and then differentiate into the desired cell again. If the cells of the human body can reach such a level of ability, we will no longer have any amputees in the world; Because they can regain their lost limbs during the treatment process.

Of course, researchers have also raised the issue that if the starfish's brain is also damaged, will the self-healing ability of this creature come into play? In the results obtained, the starfish can also repair the nerve cells in the brain tissue. Although it is a more time-consuming process, if the starfish has enough time, it will escape the danger of death. Researchers are intensively investigating the molecular mechanism and signaling processes exchanged between cells in starfish in order to intensify the self-healing process in humans. However, increasing the healing speed of the tissues of the human body is not the only concern in this field.

There is an important challenge in the field of cell therapy with stem cells that nerve and heart tissue in humans can reproduce normally. they don't have, and even if stem cells are injected into the site, a heart that has suffered a serious injury will not function as before. Therefore, there is also the concern of how to significantly resolve an important damage to the heart and brain tissue. Tissue engineers are trying to create an artificial heart organ in the laboratory by making a perfect heart cell. If a perfect artificial heart is developed, it can be transplanted to heart patients whose health is at risk. In this field, researchers have been able to achieve steps and currently there are artificial devices in the market that save the patient's life from the risk of death, but in terms of appearance and efficiency, they are still miles away from the real human heart. Achieving this achievement definitely brings one step closer to becoming a superhuman.

Artificial organs; The most key component to become a superhuman and even immortality

BingMag.com the project of building a super human; A fantasy or a workable project?

Achieving this level of technology and technology that can be He produced and transplanted the artificial organs of the human body, which is the highest level that can be expected from a superhuman; Because the process of death in this scenario will no longer be a public concern. In this new scenario, death, which is supposed to end the life of humans and other living beings, will be more like a disease that will be treated by the simplest method, which is to remove the damaged organ and replace it with a new and healthy organ. However, has medical science and technology advanced enough to defy death?

Currently, medical engineers are trying to produce perfect artificial organs. Today, titanium prostheses are often used to make upper and lower limbs at the bedside, so that patients who have experienced limb amputation can continue their daily lives with the use of prostheses. Making artificial hands and feet has been the focus of researchers from the past until now, but now, the attention of engineers is more focused on carbon filaments; Because carbon polymers have more mechanical strength and at the same time have light weight. On the other hand, if excess energy is applied to the artificial organ, carbon easily absorbs the excess energy so that the organ in question is not damaged. Another advantage of carbon prostheses is its very good flexibility Madh also pointed out that different shapes and forms of artificial organs can be designed and then created.

Undoubtedly, one of the most important concerns of medical science these days at the international level is reducing the death rate due to the lack of organs. It is for transplantation

The advancements in the manufacture of upper and lower limb prostheses have reached such a point that electrodes can be placed in the nervous system of the living organism so that humans can consciously control the various muscles connected to the prosthesis. On the other hand, scientists are trying to artificially engineer important organs such as the bladder. By exploiting stem cells, they have been able to create a basic model of the bladder, but there is still a long way to go until the final development of this organ and its use in the hospital. . Currently, researchers have been able to make artificial heart pacemakers; The elements that produce and transmit electrical signals to the heart tissue cause this organ to contract continuously. However, cardiac pacemakers are only one component of the heart organ. Heart valves are considered the next important goal of researchers, who are currently trying to use 3D bioprinting technology to create these components like their natural version.

Certainly one of the most important concerns of this International Medical Science Days is about reducing the death rate due to the lack of organs for transplantation. On the other hand, the manufacturing and production of artificial organs is not considered a big medical challenge. If medical science can overcome this challenge successfully, the maintenance and longevity of the artificial organ will be the next big challenge that will be in front of the green researchers. Anyway, this is the law of the body of living organisms, especially humans, that the body's immune system reacts against foreign and alien objects, and if the foreign body is considered a health threat, the components of the body's immune system will try to destroy it. The removal of the foreign body comes out.

With all these interpretations, if man can successfully overcome the challenges mentioned in this article, superman will be made. According to the author, this will happen sooner or later; Because the advancement of the field of biomaterials at the world level from one side and the advancements of computer science and programming from the other side will help this goal. Maybe in the distant future, there will be superhumans in the societies where even their nervous system and brain will be made artificially. However, we must conclude that the point of evolution of superhumans will actually be the same robots, or will the current human race continue to survive in any way?

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