OLED vs. Mini-LED monitors; Which technology will be available in the future?

Many of today's monitors, although they are modern, use LCD panels, which are basically no different from the same screens that were released several years ago. This is definitely not the future we are heading towards. Although many monitors with the same old technologies are available and still being produced, OLED and Mini-LED displays have come to take over the market and seem to be succeeding.

Many of today's monitors, although they are modern, use LCD panels, which are basically no different from the same screens that were released several years ago. This is definitely not the future we are heading towards. Although many monitors with the same old technologies are available and still being produced, OLED and Mini-LED displays have come to take over the market and seem to be succeeding.

The purpose of writing this The point is to put these two technologies in front of each other to see which of these panels will determine the future of monitors. In fact, both of them have very good quality and the most expensive screens in the world have panels of this type. But there is definitely a difference between them that distinguishes them from each other. Now, in what parts is this difference and how it can affect our choice before buying, these are the things that we will examine in the following. Stay with us.

1. Brightness and HDR

Mini-LED display is the undisputed winner in terms of brightness. Today's OLED displays rarely break the 1,000 nit mark, and if they do, they don't have the ability to keep it steady. This means that most of them, even if they reach 1000 nits, after a short period of time, they will reach less than that again. For example, the LG C9 display, which has an OLED panel, cannot keep its brightness higher than 160 nits in the long run. The Mini-LED display, however, which is built into monitors like the Samsung Odyssey Neo G9 and TVs like the Samsung QN90A, can easily reach 1000 nits and even remain at a level greater than 600 nits in the long run.

This is a noticeable advantage for Mini-LED displays, which, although still not very high, is enough to be preferred over OLED. It should be noted that the best available HDR standards require a maximum brightness of up to 10,000 nits in order to have the best performance, which these panels have certainly not reached yet, but the possibility of achieving this technology in the future cannot be ruled out.

BingMag.com OLED vs. Mini-LED monitors; Which technology will be available in the future?

Micro-LED display technology, which uses single LEDs as pixels, even surpasses the 10,000 nits mark. and according to the description of VividColor NanoBright, it even reaches 1 million nits, which is only 0.01 of the brightness that hits our eyes by looking directly at the sunlight, and this amount is so high that you can't even imagine it, but apparently humans It is so ambitious and on the path of insatiable progress that it can easily reach a higher level.

Of course, we must also point out that this level of brightness is never suitable for a monitor or TV because injuries It is serious in this case. These screens are mostly used in avionics screens, which are used in the aerospace industry, satellites, etc. However, this clearly shows that technologies such as Mini-LED and Micro-LED are considered to be leaders in the world of displays, at least in this respect, and not OLED.

Contrast and depth of dark colors

The advantage of OLED displays in comparison to Mini-LED panels has an advantage, the same advantage is exactly the opposite of the weakness they have in front of them. That is, although Mini-LEDs are unique in terms of brightness and easily surpass OLEDs, but on the opposite point, that is, in terms of the quality and depth of black color, their performance is weaker.

BingMag.com OLED vs. Mini-LED monitors; Which technology will be available in the future?

OLEDs are popular because their interesting technology allows them to be turned on or off individually, so when they display a black image, instead of just being black , it is the result of the pixels being turned off, which makes a black scene look deeply and intensely black because it is, in fact, turned off. So when the pixels are off, OLEDs are superior in terms of contrast, response time, and halo effect. Regarding the halo effect, which is also called blooming, we must say that this distortion occurs when the light from the bright parts of the screen penetrates into the darker areas around it, which creates a halo around the dark part of the screen; Fortunately, in this respect, OLEDs perform well and appear even better than Mini-LEDs.

The advantage of OLEDs compared to Mini-LED displays does not end here. If you look at a high-quality and expensive TV that has an OLED panel from a store window, you will see a special three-dimensional state, as if the view in front of you is not a flat scene, but rather a window to the outside world, because in terms of image contrast, performance These panels are exceptional.

On the opposite side of the screen Mini-OLED is inferior to OLED because it cannot turn each pixel on or off individually. Of course, it should be noted that Micro-OLED does not have this weakness of Mini-LED, and as a result, if it is officially used in today's displays, it can definitely beat OLED easily.

Viewing angle and motion performance

BingMag.com OLED vs. Mini-LED monitors; Which technology will be available in the future?

Compared to displays that have an LCD panel, the Mini-LED display has relatively good performance in terms of viewing angle. They show their best. The LCD panel itself has not improved much since then, and again, when you look at it from the corner, bottom or top, you will see that it is a bit dark or you can't see its different angles very easily. On the other hand, these displays become slightly blurred if the movement of the subjects is very fast. The liquid crystal used in them does not block the path of light integrally, and this makes the images look different at different angles.

OLED, however, does not suffer from this problem. Or rather, as much as LCD has problems with it, OLED can handle this weakness much better. Because there is no liquid crystal inside OLED panels to move. Each pixel itself is considered an organic element that emits light when a movement occurs. The light is emitted in a specific and integrated pattern and can even be turned off or on quickly so that there is no longer a problem with the viewing angle or blurring and the ghost effect during fast movements. In this context, OLED is superior.

Resistance and durability

BingMag.com OLED vs. Mini-LED monitors; Which technology will be available in the future?

Whether a screen has good resistance or not, it depends on the quality of the pixels as well as their consumption. Excellent image contrast, black color depth, viewing angle and response time are among the areas in which the OLED display has a noticeable advantage over other displays, but its weakness shows its durability.

The letter O in The word OLED means Organic. Organic materials have a much weaker performance in terms of durability compared to other materials. Exposure to light, especially blue light, causes the LEDs to lose quality and in the long run, reduces the quality of the light produced by the pixels. This problem is often seen when the user sees that there is a permanent shadow in the display image. This shadow is a result of the reduction of the life span and as a result of the reduction of the brightness of a certain pixel, whose quality reduction process is also different from other pixels around it. As a result, a shadow is created in the images.

Of course, display manufacturing companies do not take this problem very seriously. For example, LG is one of these companies that claimed in 2016 that its OLED TV can last 100,000 hours before losing half of its pixel quality. In fact, after 11 years, TV loses half of its quality. Of course, the company claims that if you use the TV sensibly and correctly, you will not have this problem at all.

In general, if you use any type of TV or monitor sensibly, it will take a long time for its quality to improve. but the weakness of OLED in durability is almost famous and everyone knows about it. So if you are looking for a TV that you want to leave on day and night, you will definitely have the problem mentioned above in a few years. On the other hand, the Mini-LED display has a better performance in terms of resistance because it is considered a newer technology and is not organic, and there is no need to worry about their lifespan.

Cost

BingMag.com OLED vs. Mini-LED monitors; Which technology will be available in the future?

In terms of price, Mini-LEDs are slightly more expensive; Of course, this is only in the tablet and laptop segment. When we talk about monitors, we see that displays with OLED panels are more expensive than Mini-LEDs. For example, LG's UltraFine 32EP950 display was available at a space price of $4,000, which doesn't seem reasonable to pay for it at all.

Mini-LED monitors are expensive, but not as expensive as OLEDs. For example, the 32-inch Asus ROG Swift PG32UQX screen is priced at around $2,900 and the Odyssey Neo G9 at around $2,500. Therefore, it seems that there is still a significant difference in terms of price between the best OLED and Mini-LED.

Of course, another reason for this could be the production process, which causes the price difference between the two in the future. There is a type of panel. OLEDs are not produced as much as LCD panels, but Mini-LED manufacturers can design the backlight independently of the LCD panel and then choose the type of panel for it. For this reason, the possibility of using Mini-LED panels in laptops and monitors is more than using OLED in them. As a result, their prices are much lower.

Future

The battle between Mini-LED and OLED displays does not really have a clear winner. In terms of brightness, HDR, resistance and price, Mini-LED is a better choice, in terms of image contrast, dark color depth, viewing angle, response time and fluidity of movement, OLED is the best choice. has a better In terms of the accuracy of color display, the performance of these two panels is almost the same. Now we come to the important question; Which technology is the future?

According to Ross Young, the price of OLED panels will break with the arrival of new manufacturing technology. Apparently, these panels will experience a significant price reduction for screens that are between 10 and 32 inches. The manufacturing process of them will start from 2024 onwards.

However, reading this article, it may come to your mind that affordable OLED displays are a very attractive choice, but according to Shukrat's president, VividColor NanoBright A Mini-LED display, because it is a combination of LCD and OLED technology, takes advantage of their good features and does not have their weaknesses. However, it still looks like Mini-LED will flourish in the second half of this decade.

Apparently in the future, while OLED panel makers are exploring ways to improve resistance as well as increase brightness, Manufacturers of Mini-LED panels are also trying to reach OLEDs in terms of image contrast. In general, it seems that Mini-LEDs, at least in the computer display market, can defeat OLED and become the dominant technology in the display field thanks to their advantages. Of course, if their prices become a little more reasonable.

What do you think about this?

Source: PCWorld

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