30 years ago, on April 6, 1992, Microsoft released Windows 3.1; The products that led the company to experience new levels of success, keep their platform competitive with the Mac OS, and pave the way for Windows to dominate PCs. In this article, we will take a look at this Windows and examine it.
Mouse and Microsoft
How important do you think the use of the mouse was in 1992? About a decade ago, Apple made it much easier to work with computers. Apple Lisa and Macintosh had a great graphical user interface that led to the development of new software such as photo editing tools. Shortly afterwards, the first websites were built on this basis. IBM-compatible computers, meanwhile, were typically code-driven, and users had to use the Command Line to use them. Microsoft knew they had to innovate to stay ahead of the competition.
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In 1990, Microsoft made its first serious efforts with the introduction of Windows 3.0. For the first time, this version of Windows was graphically highly competitive with the Mac OS. But there were still many weaknesses. This operating system had many bugs and weaknesses. The driver system was faulty, the fonts were broken, and it had to be used alongside MS-DOS. Despite all these weaknesses, Windows 3.0 was a huge success for Microsoft.
Brad Silverberg "Windows 3.0 surprised us a little bit," said Silverberg, vice president of Windows 3 and Windows 3.1 at Microsoft. Because it worked well and many people were interested in it. This project was a big breakthrough and people started taking Windows seriously. "The goal of Windows 3.1 was to improve Windows 3.0 to make it better and larger to use on a larger scale."
2 years after the release of Windows 3.0, Microsoft released Windows 3.01 presented. Like previous versions of Windows, this version also worked mostly on MS-DOS (a major shift from the Command Line to a fully graphical version of Windows 95 was introduced a few years later). A new update to Windows, Windows 3.1, has improved many graphics problems, displaying fonts and multimedia files. On the other hand, it also greatly increased access to Windows applications. It was no longer necessary to use DOS code, and it was possible to do many things with the same graphical Windows interface. The same amount of change was enough to make Windows more popular than ever!
Using Windows on all new computers
Since the introduction of Windows, Microsoft has worked hard to make Windows Direct the support of this industry to its graphical operating system. With the introduction of Windows 3.1, the company went a step further and urged manufacturers to install Windows on their PCs from scratch. Previously, computers were provided without an operating system, and users had to install Windows themselves.
Mr. Silverberg "We needed to create a lot of demand by installing Windows 3.1 on our computers by default," he recalls. "Computer companies were much more likely to install the DOS operating system on their computers by default, leaving the purchase and installation of Windows to the consumer."
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With the release of Windows 3.1, Microsoft was able to create a lot of excitement in the PC market. In this version of Windows, they were able to fix most of the bugs and weaknesses of Windows 3.0 and add new attractive features. This has led computer companies and previously hesitant customers to embrace Windows and take advantage of it. "Windows 3.1 gave Microsoft the green light to show that both companies and ordinary users have turned to Windows." "Many of the weaknesses in this version have been fixed, and Windows 3.1 has become much more stable and has better and more tools."
Let's take a look at some of these new (or improved) features in Have Windows 3.1.
Content Fonts Improvement
Windows 3.0 was released in 1990 and brought a lot of improvements to this operating system. But one of the main drawbacks of this version of Windows was the use of Bitmap fonts that could not be scaled well. This paved the way for software such as Adobe Type Manager to address this vulnerability.
To reduce Adobe's monopoly and potential restrictions on computer fonts, Apple developed the TrueType scalable font system. Microsoft also bought this system from it Used Windows 3.1. Now Windows 3.1 had quality fonts by default, and there was no need to use Adobe's software; So it was much easier for users to create their own documents and forms on Windows. Fixed an issue with the appearance of fonts in Windows 3.1, which kept Windows and Mac still competing closely.
At that time, printing was still one of the main components of using a computer and creating computer content. Therefore, support for printers in Windows 3.1 had become another reason for the popularity of this version of Windows. "We developed a new printer driver architecture called UniDrive," says Silverberg. This allowed us to support new printers much more easily and no longer required the use of large volumes of code. "This architecture and system was so successful that parts of UniDrive are still in use." Multimedia
Windows 3.1 also added some visual and graphic enhancements to Windows, which played a large role in supporting Windows. Tools such as Screen Savers and Media Player were introduced in this Windows. The multimedia file player could play MIDI music and AVI video files. A recording system was also included in Windows. If you had audio recording hardware, you could record the sounds and then play them again.
Windows 3.0. But this update was only available on newly assembled computers and for new customers. But with the release of Windows 3.1, anyone could buy a copy of Windows and take advantage of these features and capabilities.
Windows 3.1 Another interesting feature It also brought with it. Two games were installed by default in this package: Solitaire and Minesweeper. Of course, Solitaire was a reminder of the same Windows 3.0, but another game that was in this Windows (reversi), had replaced Minesweeper. This game was part of the Windows Entertainment Package in 1990 and was very popular.
Distribution And the high popularity of Windows 3.1 made Minesweeper even more popular, and the simple and addictive Solitaire game found millions of new players around the world.
The birth of Ctrl + C, Ctrl + X, and Ctrl + V
You may not believe it, but the popular Ctrl + C, Ctrl + X, and Ctrl + V shortcut keys for copying, cropping, and pasting were first unveiled in Windows 3.1. In April 1992, PC Magazine made the point, calling them copy and paste buttons that could compete with the Mac. Because Apple used them much earlier, in 1984, in the form of Command + C, Command + V, and Command + X.
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Other enhancements to Windows 3.1
The items we reviewed so far were only a small part of the enhancements and new features offered in Windows 3.1. Microsoft has included several new features in this Windows, some of the most important of which are listed below.
OLE: This feature can be called Object Linking and Embedding. Windows 3.1 allowed users to import elements such as text, audio files, images, and more into other Windows applications for the first time using drag-and-drop. For example, you could import an image into your Microsoft Word text file. But that was not the whole story. The path of this element was linked. That is, by making a change in the original file, this change was also made in the linked element. This means that if you import the image file into Microsoft Word this way, and then edit the image, this change will also apply to your Word.
Windows Registry: Windows Registry It was first unveiled in Windows 3.1. This section can be considered as a hidden Windows database for applying personalizations and manipulating settings. It's been 30 years since that date and the registry is still one of the main components of the latest version of Windows, Windows 11.
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Modular Control Panel: Windows 3.1 for the first time allowed third-party developers to add new elements to the Windows Control Panel by adding specific CPL files inside the Windows system folder. Add. This feature could be useful for setting up apps and add-ons.
Dr. Watson: Another new Microsoft move in Windows 3.1 is the unveiling of Dr. It was Watson who helped users spot potential bugs and errors. This section actually recorded the errors so that they could be worked on and fixed later. Dr. Watson's feature remained for several years in later versions of Windows. It had to provide its own user interface for open/save Windows windows. Windows 3.1 fixes this problem and makes Windows much more user-friendly by providing the same structure across all programs.
The legacy of Windows 3.1
Windows 3.1 is a success It was perfect for the Microsoft suite. The company sold more than 3 million copies in the first three months alone. Thanks to Windows 3.1, many new computers were delivered to the customer for the first time with Windows, all of which made Windows much more widely used.
Of course, it's not bad to know that Windows was not the only graphical operating system at that time. Windows 3.1 had to compete with IBM OS/2.2.0, which was unveiled only a few months earlier in March 1992. Finally, Windows customers and companies preferred the new IBM operating system. But IBM's graphics operating system also competed for several years and was a serious and powerful option.
In October 1992, Microsoft released Windows for Workgroups, which features Improved network connectivity in Windows 3.1. This Windows could be a useful option for many businesses. In November 1992, Microsoft released version 3.11 of Windows, which attempted to fix many of the flaws in Windows 3.1. Exactly the same month, Microsoft released Windows 3.2 for the first time in China. This version was actually the same as Windows 3.1, which also supported Simplified Chinese. It goes without saying that the success of Windows 3.1 paved the way for the release of Windows 95 three years later.
Although Microsoft's official support for Windows 3.1 ended in 2001, nostalgic fans of Windows They can still install it on the iPad or use emulators. A Windows 3.1-style file manager is also available in Windows 11, which you can purchase from the Windows Store. Interestingly, some are still making new games for this operating system! Anyway, happy birthday to Windows 3.1!
Source: How To Geek