The persistent astronaut has been able to identify organic matter on the red planet that could have been produced by biological processes.
The mission team on December 15 announced that the Perseverance spacecraft had detected carbon-containing organic chemicals in some of the rocks it surveyed at the bottom of the Martian estuary.
To clarify, it should be noted that this discovery does not yet mean the recognition of life. organic matter can be produced in both biological and non-biological ways, and more research is needed to find out what processes have led to the production of tidal crater compounds. Because while exploring the Red Planet, the astronaut is collecting specimens that are likely to land during a joint effort by NASA and the European Space Agency in early 2031.
Luther Beegle of the Lab "This is a question that may not be resolved until the samples are returned to Earth, but the preservation of organic matter on Mars is very exciting," said NASA Jet Propulsion (JPL).
"Once these specimens are returned to Earth, they will be a source of research and scientific discovery for many years to come," SHERLOC said.
Study of a potentially habitable ancient environmentA persistent, car-sized astronaut landed in the 45-kilometer crater of the Martian Sea in February, previously hosting a large lake and a one-sided delta. It was a dungeon. Perseverance has two main purposes: to search for evidence of ancient life on Mars and to collect material for the first human attempt to bring a sample from Mars. Has sealed them. According to a new NASA announcement, four of the tubes contain samples of rock nuclei, one containing a sample of Martian atmosphere and the other containing "control" material to help members of the mission team carry any contaminants that persistence may carry from Earth.
Perseverance spent the first few months of its presence on Mars examining its tools and systems, as well as supporting Ingenuity helicopter flights in the technology demonstration phase. It then focused on its scientific goals in early June, and has made great strides since then. Unveiled. JPL officials said Sherlock's scientific instrument had detected organic matter inside some of the Martian rocks, which had been collected from both the inside of the drill-cut rocks and the dust from the intact rocks.
"Curiosity also discovered organic matter at its landing site in the Gale Crater," he told NASA's Curiosity astronaut, who has been exploring the 154-kilometer Gale Crater since August 2012.
"What Sherlock adds to this set of excavations is its ability to map the spatial distribution of organic matter within the rocks and their relationship to the minerals there," he added. "It helps us to understand the environment in which organic matter is formed."
Planned Arrival Planet Arrival in South Sita, Mars
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona/USGS/FFI
Volcanic activity Ancient
Another instrument of perseverance is called the "pixel" (PIXL), which uses X-ray lithochemistry to examine the planet's ancient environment more closely. Pixel analysis of a polished rock in the South Stah area of the tidal crater shows a significant abundance of Olivine crystals in association with Pyroxene crystals.<"A good geology student will tell you that such a texture is indicative of a rock that is slowly cooling as crystals grow and stabilize in a magma, for example," said Ken Farley, a perseverance project scientist. A thick stream of lava is formed by a lake of lava or a reservoir of lava. "
" Detect tidal events, better understand the period in which surface water was more common, and show the planet's early history. The return of a sample from Mars will have significant findings!
Farley and his colleagues have long wondered whether the bedrock is volcanic or sedimentary. They now seem to have the answer but still have more layers to identify. For example, was the molten rock part of a lava lake at the bottom of the crater? Or is it formed in an underground magmatic chamber whose erosion has exposed its surface?
As perseverance continues to dwell on the Red Planet, it can solve this puzzle and many other Martian mysteries. Help in the coming months and years.
Some of this information will spread beneath the surface of Mars. The first radar image, or "Radargram," which is an image from below the surface of Mars to a depth of 10 meters, was created using data from the probe's surface-penetrating radar tool.
According to NASA, the ability to see features Geologically, even below the surface, it adds a new dimension to the mission team's Martian mapping capabilities./ASU/MSSS
Source: SpaceTags: nasa's, persistent, probe, discovered, organic, compounds, mars