NASA is targeting the depths of space with four new space missions

NASA announced the selection of four new space missions to investigate massive cosmic events and structures, including exploding stars and distant galaxy clusters.

BingMag.com NASA is targeting the depths of space with four new space missions

NASA announced the selection of four new space missions to investigate massive cosmic events and structures, including exploding stars and distant galaxy clusters.

Four exciting missions proposed under NASA's Explorer Program will now have more funding and study opportunities. These proposals include missions that investigate exploding stars, distant galaxy clusters, as well as nearby stars and galaxies.

Of these four missions, NASA researches two under the "Missions of Opportunity" research sub-category. and has selected two other studies under the classification of "Astrophysics Medium" for the phase of conceptual studies. After careful evaluation, NASA is supposed to undertake the development of these probes in 2024, so that they will be launched into space in 2027 and 2028. He said: "NASA's Explorer program is a valuable tradition that supports innovative approaches to achieve exceptional scientific goals." He added: "Involving a wide range of studies from cosmic evolution to explosive events." And energetic, these proposals inspire human vision and creativity to explore the unknown in the world.

In fact, the Explorer missions are rigorous scientific studies in collaboration with researchers outside of NASA to develop instruments that meet scientific priorities and core missions. These space agencies are not considered. The proposed projects in this program are selected based on the scientific value and the feasibility of the construction and development process. They will receive the advancement of the conceptual studies phase. In total, the value of each of these missions is estimated at 300 million dollars without considering the launcher.

The projects selected in this study classification are:

Ultraviolet Explorer UVEX, led by the California Institute of Technology, will perform a deep mapping of the entire sky in two ultraviolet frequency bands and provide humanity with a new view of the evolution of galaxies and the life cycle of stars. p>

The spacecraft of this mission can change its viewing angle very quickly so that it can observe the ultraviolet light of this event by looking at the target area shortly after detecting the gravitational waves caused by the merger of two neutron stars.

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Yuvox will carry an ultraviolet spectrometer for detailed studies of massive stars and stellar explosions.

Survey and Time-domain Astrophysical Research Explorer : Star-X (STAR-X)

The Goddard Space Flight Center's Star-X spacecraft can quickly travel between a Teles The X-ray Wide Field Telescope and an ultraviolet telescope will be deployed to observe transient cosmic sources such as supernova explosions and active galaxies.

  • NASA X-ray images from Galaxies, Stars and Supernova Remnants

The Deep Sky Mapping Program in the X-ray spectrum targets hot gas trapped in distant galaxy clusters. In the future, these studies, along with the infrared observations of NASA's Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope, will help to understand how massive galaxy clusters are formed.

BingMag.com NASA is targeting the depths of space with four new space missions

Marcarine Galaxy 1337 at a distance of about 120 million light years from Earth
Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, A. Riess et al

<750,000 dollars have been allocated for the 9-month phase of conceptual studies of each of the two missions under the classification of opportunity missions and the total credit required for each of these missions is estimated at 80 million dollars. These investigations include:

Moon Burst Energetics All-sky Monitor: MoonBEAM (MoonBEAM)

Managed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and orbiting between the Earth and the Moon, this spacecraft will scan the entire sky at almost any moment for gamma-ray bursts from distant cosmic explosive events and quickly inform other telescopes.

In this way, the Moonbeam probe will see gamma rays with a time difference compared to ground telescopes and other space telescopes, and scientists will use this time difference to determine the location of the gamma ray source in the sky.

LargE Area burst Polarimeter: LEAP

This probe, which will be installed on the International Space Station, the energetic jets of the burst Gamma rays during the formation of a black hole and after the death of a giant star or A stellar merger event will be investigated.

The polarization, or wobble, of energetic gamma-ray radiation could help refine existing theories about the nature of these jets.

BingMag.com NASA is targeting the depths of space with four new space missions

Cosmic Background Probe
Credit: NASA

NASA Explorer Program managed by the Center Goddard Spaceflight is the oldest continuous program of this agency and is designed to provide continuous and low-cost access to space using space science research led by an active researcher in the field of astrophysics and solar physics.

Since launch. The Explorer 1 probe in 1958, which discovered the Earth's radiation belts, NASA's explorer program carried out more than 90 missions, including the Uhuru mission and the Cosmic Field Probe (COBE), which led to the discovery of The Nobel Prize has been awarded to their researchers.

Cover photo: A graphic design of a supernova explosion
Credit: NASA

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