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NASA has extended the mission of eight spacecraft in different parts of the solar system

BingMag.com <b>NASA</b> has <b>extended</b> the <b>mission</b> of <b>eight</b> <b>spacecraft</b> in <b>different</b> <b>parts</b> of the <b>solar</b> system

After a thorough evaluation, NASA's scientific missions of the eight spacecraft planets according to their scientific efficiency and potential to improve our knowledge and understanding of the solar system and beyond. These missions include "Mars Odyssey", "Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter", "Maun", "Mars Science Laboratory" by the Curiosity Astronaut, Insight Landing, "Moon Reconnaissance Orbiter". , "Assyria-Rex" and "New Horizons" and in the extended phase, will continue to operate as long as their spacecraft are safe.

Most missions will be extended for 3 years. Nevertheless, the Assyria-Rex mission to reach a new destination will continue for nine years, and the Insight will continue until the end of 2022, unless the spacecraft's electrical power allows longer operations.

mission was reviewed by a team of independent experts from academia, industry and NASA. In total, more than 50 judges evaluated the effectiveness of the relevant proposals and, based on the panel's evaluations, confirmed that these eight scientific missions have significant potential for continuing new explorations and exploring new scientific questions.

In addition Offering significant programmatic benefits to NASA, several of these missions promise multidisciplinary scientific benefits to the entire NASA Science mission (SMD), including their use as a relay for rover-level probes and other Martian-like planets. Commercial Cargo Services to the Moon (CLPS).

Lori Glaze, NASA's Director of Planetary Science, said: And make it possible to continue scientific operations at a much lower cost than developing a new mission. This allows missions to obtain fresh and valuable scientific data and, in some cases, allows NASA to explore completely new scientific targets.

OSIRIS-APEX

These specimens were collected from the asteroid Bennu in 2020. OSIRIS-REx PI's Dante Lauretta will continue to focus on the main mission, but Delaugustina will focus on the new mission, which is called OSIRIS-APophis EXplorer due to its goal of "Apohpis" , Will work.

The OSIRIS-APEX team directs the spacecraft to deal with Apophis; An asteroid with a diameter of approximately 370 meters, located at a distance of 32,000 km from Earth, in 2029, the OSIRIS-APEX spacecraft will enter its orbit shortly after the asteroid passes by Earth, and take an unprecedented close look at this type S asteroid. Offers. The mission will study asteroid changes due to approaching Earth and will use the spacecraft's gas propulsion to separate and study dust and small rocks on the surface of the apophysis and below. MAVEN

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Principal Investigator: Dr. Shannon Curry of the University of California, Berkeley. The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution mission aims to study the interaction between the Martian atmosphere and the magnetic field during future maximum solar activity. Maun's observations deepen our understanding of how Mars' upper atmosphere and its magnetic field interact with the Sun as the Sun's activity level peaks at the height of its 11-year cycle.

InSight

Principal Investigator: Dr. Bruce Banerdt of Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Since landing on Mars in 2018, "Internal Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy, and Heat Transport" has operated the only active seismic station beyond Earth. Its seismic monitoring of "Marsquakes" has identified constraints on the internal structure, mode of formation, and current activity of Mars. If the spacecraft survives, the expanded mission will continue its seismic and meteorological monitoring. However, due to the accumulation of dust on the solar panels, Insight's power generation is reduced and it is unlikely that it will be able to continue operating for a long time, unless its solar panels are cleaned with the help of a Martian demon oven.

Moon Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)

Project Scientist: Dr. Noah Petro of the Goddard Space Flight Center. The mission will continue to study the surface and geological structure of the moon. The evolution of the Moon's orbiter orbit allows it to explore new areas away from the Earth's moon poles with unprecedented detail. Study, including permanent shady areas (PSRs) near poles where water ice may be detected. The LRO will also be used to track NASA's efforts to return to the moon. The Curiosity rover, which has so far traveled more than 27 kilometers on the surface of Mars and studied the habitable history of the Gale Crater, will advance to higher altitudes in its fourth expanded mission. Examines important sulfate deposits that provide unique insights into the history of water on Mars.

New Horizons

Principal Investigator: Dr. Alan Stern From the Soil and Water Research Institute): New Horizons passed by Pluto in 2015 and by Arrokoth, one of the Kuiper Belt objects in 2019. In its second expanded mission, it will continue to explore the farthest points of the solar system up to 63 astronomical units (AU) from Earth. The New Horizons spacecraft could potentially make multidisciplinary observations related to NASA's solar system and heliophysical and astrophysical divisions. More details of the mission will be available in the future, according to NASA. Mars Mars Odyssey Project Scientist: Dr. Jeffrey Plaut of Jet Propulsion Laboratory . The Mars Odyssey extended mission conducts new thermal studies on rocks and ice beneath the surface of Mars, monitors the planet's radiation environment, and continues a long-term scientific campaign to monitor the climate. Unique support for relays and real-time data transmission from other Martian spacecraft will continue. But the length of Odyssey's long mission may be limited by the amount of propulsion left in the spacecraft.

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)

Jet propulsion. The mission has so far provided a wealth of information on processes on the surface of Mars. In its sixth mission, the MRO will study the evolution of the surface of Mars, the ice, the active Martian structure, and the planet's atmosphere.

  • Images The spectacle released by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

In addition, the MRO will continue to provide important data relay services for other Mars missions. In this mission phase, however, the CRISM MRO instrument shuts down completely after losing cooling, and one of its two spectrometers will cease to be used.

NASA's Planetary Science Division currently has 14 spacecraft across the system. It manages 12 missions in the formulation and implementation phase and cooperates with international space agencies in seven other missions.

Cover Photo: Graphic and Visual Design of the solar system
Credit: NASA


Source: NASA

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