NASA announced the possible areas of human landing on the moon

NASA has selected 13 areas around the Moon's south pole that are considered for the landing of astronauts on the first manned mission of the Artemis program.

BingMag.com NASA announced the possible areas of human landing on the moon

NASA has selected 13 areas around the Moon's south pole that are considered for the landing of astronauts on the first manned mission of the Artemis program.

  • Rim A of the Faustini crater (Faustini Rim A)
  • Peak near the Shackleton crater (Peak Near Shackleton)
  • Antarctic connecting ridge ( Connecting Ridge)
  • Connecting Ridge Extension
  • De Gerlache Rim 1
  • De Gerlache Rim 1
  • De Gerlache Rim 2 (de Gerlache Rim 2)
  • De Gerlache-Kocher Massif (de Gerlache-Kocher Massif)
  • Haworth Region
  • Malapert Massif
  • Leibnitz Beta Plateau
  • Rim No. 1 of Nobile Rim 1
  • Rim No. 2 of Nobile Rim 2
  • Amundsen Rim (Amundsen Rim)
  • Each region includes several landing sites, i.e. areas to 100 meters wide where the giant Starship spacecraft will be able to land. According to "Jacob Bleacher" (Jacob Bleacher), NASA's chief exploration scientist, each of these areas has at least 10 landing sites, and most of them have more than this number.

    BingMag.com NASA announced the possible areas of human landing on the moon

    Graphic design of SpaceX's Starship manned spacecraft on the Moon
    Credit: SpaceX

    Determining several areas The reason for landing is that different areas may be selected differently based on the time of the mission and according to the change of ambient light conditions. NASA has said in relation to this action: "Specific landing sites are closely related to the timing of the launch. "Thus, multiple designated areas ensure flexibility in launch timing throughout the year."

    These areas also meet mission requirements well. Including continuous access to sunlight for six and a half days, which will be the duration of the Artemis 3 landing. At the same time, they are close enough to the permanently shadowed areas of the moon, and astronauts will have access to these areas during the lunar journey. Shaded areas could contain ice deposits that would be both suitable for exploration and resources for future manned missions.

    Krasich hopes to have this list of landing sites around 18 months before the Artemis mission. 3, which is currently slated for late 2025, to allow enough time to consider the specific needs of each landing site. Due to changing lighting conditions over time, even for a single launch period, there will be several possible landing locations. He also said in this regard: "We still don't know the exact number of definitive landing sites and we have a lot to learn between now and then." will consult on the selected areas to get a better view of each.

    The issue is expected to be discussed at the annual meeting of NASA's Lunar Exploration Analysis Group on August 23-25 in Maryland. NASA also continues to work with SpaceX to ensure that these areas are well suited for the Starship Lunar Lander version.

    BingMag.com NASA announced the possible areas of human landing on the moon

    But the process of carefully selecting landing sites does not depend on data from future missions, including orbiters, probes and rovers. "The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) did a great job," said Jakob Bleicher. The spacecraft, which was originally developed for the lunar exploration program in the late 2000s, continues to provide high-resolution images, although its orbit no longer passes through the polar regions. , such as the "Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover" or "VIPER" mission, which will be sent to the Antarctic region of the Moon in late 2024 to search for volatile materials. "Any data is useful and we'd be happy to have it, but to complete Artemis 3's landings in these 13 regions, we're in the process of doing so," Bleicher added. "We don't need additional data at this time." Sarah Noble, head of lunar science for the Artemis program in NASA's Planetary Science Unit, also said about the 13 landing sites: "We can have exciting scientific explorations in all of them. to be Many of our scientists now have access to this list and are working on it. Everyone already has their favorite places to explore on the moon.

    Cover photo: Map of the 13 sites selected for the Artemis 3 human landing
    Credit: NASA

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