Samsung plans to mass-produce its 3-nanometer chips next week with a new transistor arrangement technology called GAA.
There are currently only two companies that can produce chips with the latest technology in the world; Samsung and TSMC, of course, there is a significant difference in the performance of these two companies in terms of quality. The task of these two companies is to produce chips designed by other companies such as Intel, AMD, Apple, MediaTek, Qualcomm and.. Both companies are currently working on 3nm manufacturing technology. As you probably know, the smaller the chip technology, the greater the number of transistors and the processing power of a processor and the lower its power consumption.
According to Moore's law, the number of transistors should double every two years The previous generation, which these days sometimes due to physical limitations, we see it is not observed. However, companies are trying to reach this level in order to be able to produce and market very powerful chips.
Samsung and TSMC are working to achieve 3nm chip manufacturing technology as soon as possible. . Of course, in a completely optimal and stable way. Although TSMC already has the most advanced technologies for making chips and its performance is excellent in this regard, it seems that Samsung is going to defeat the Taiwanese company in acquiring new technology. Samsung is expected to mass-produce its 3-nanometer chips from next week, but TSMC plans to do so later this year. It remains to be seen whether this gap will allow companies to send their orders to Samsung.
It seems that Samsung wants to use GAA's new manufacturing technology to embed transistors on the chip. In this way, the current is controlled by gates that are in contact with the transistors on all four sides. TSMC, meanwhile, continues to use the FinFET technology introduced at the time of the 22nm chip. The Taiwanese company is expected to use GAA technology in 2026 to make its 2-nanometer chips. Of course, TSMC's performance in producing low-power, high-performance chips is so good that the lack of new manufacturing technology is largely compensated for. Transistor (MBCFET) for short, which can be considered the latest chip manufacturing technology to date. You can also watch a video of the technology below.
According to a reputable Korean news site, apparently using GAA technology will reduce the space around the chip by up to 45%. As a result of this reduction in size, processing power is reduced by up to 30% and energy consumption by up to 50%. However, there is a problem in between. The production efficiency of Samsung 3-nanometer chips has been very low and worrying. According to the latest reports, the Korean company's production efficiency of 3-nanometer chips was only 10 to 20% because the cut chips did not have the required quality. Qualcomm has asked the US company to hand over production of the first-generation Snapdragon 8 Plus to TSMC. However, if the Korean company wants to mass-produce its 3-nanometer chips next week, that means it has been able to achieve a good level of efficiency.
According to Digitimes, big companies like AMD, Apple, Broadcom, Intel, MediaTek, Nvidia and Qualcomm have forgotten about Samsung and placed their orders with TSMC to produce 3nm chips. Now, Samsung may take over part of the production, but unfortunately we can not say for sure at this time.
It also looks like another company is going to be added to Samsung and TSMC soon, and That is Intel. The company, which has been the world's top chip maker for years, now plans to eliminate Samsung and TSMC by 2025, according to CEO Pat Gesslinger.