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March Express spacecraft finally receives Windows 98 update

European Space Agency (ESA) engineers are preparing to upgrade to Windows 98 on the Mars Express Orbiter, which has been exploring Mars for about 20 years. The Mars Express spacecraft has been in orbit around Mars for more than 19 years and is the "Advanced Mars Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding" or "Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding". MARSIS uses Windows 98-based software on it.

The Mars Express tool was a key tool in discovering a massive liquid water aquifer on the Red Planet in 2018. According to the European Space Agency, the new software upgrade will allow it to see Phobos in more detail than ever before under the surfaces of Mars and its moon.

Launched into space, and the orbiter has now spent nearly two decades exploring the planet.

  • Active space missions to Mars

Mars It uses low-frequency radio waves that can explore the surface of Mars to search for water and study the red planet's atmosphere. The instrument's 40-meter antenna can explore about 5 kilometers below the surface of Mars, and recent software upgrades will increase signal reception and internal data processing to improve the quality of data sent to Earth.

BingMag.com <b>March</b> <b>Express</b> <b>spacecraft</b> <b>finally</b> <b>receives</b> <b>Windows</b> 98 update

Arctic Mars from the perspective of Mars Express
Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin

"Carlo Nenna," Enginium software engineer who assists the European Space Agency in upgrading software, said: "We have faced several challenges in improving the performance of Mars. "Because Marsis software was originally designed more than 20 years ago using a Microsoft Windows 98-based development environment!" They rely on the Marseille tool to store high-resolution data, but this method fills up internal memory quickly.

"By clearing data We do not need them, the new software allows us to turn on Marsis for five times more and explore a much larger area with each pass. "

" New software helps us, "he added. To study these areas more clearly and more quickly, and finally to confirm whether they are the location of new water sources on Mars. "It's really like having a brand new tool in Mars Express about 20 years after launch." The mission team has upgraded its processor and enabled TPM 2.0 in the BIOS to install Windows 11!

Cover Photo: Graphic Design of the March Express Orbiter
Credit: ESA


Source: The Verge

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