Kapgrass syndrome; A disorder in which the feet of aliens are involved!

Capgras syndrome or Capgras delusion (Capgras Delusion) is a relatively rare psychological disorder in which the person in this condition finds the illusion that one of the members His family, friends or relatives have been stolen by people and an impersonator who is completely similar in terms of appearance and physicality is present next to them. This strange and at the same time controversial disorder was identified by a French psychiatrist named Joseph Capgras, and in honor of this psychologist's efforts, the name of this delusion or Capgras syndrome was called.

BingMag.com Kapgrass syndrome; A disorder in which the feet of aliens are involved!

Capgras syndrome or Capgras delusion (Capgras Delusion) is a relatively rare psychological disorder in which the person in this condition finds the illusion that one of the members His family, friends or relatives have been stolen by people and an impersonator who is completely similar in terms of appearance and physicality is present next to them. This strange and at the same time controversial disorder was identified by a French psychiatrist named Joseph Capgras, and in honor of this psychologist's efforts, the name of this delusion or Capgras syndrome was called.

Joseph Capgras for the first time in the year 1932 realized that a human being can face strange challenges in understanding his surroundings. In that year, he talks with another person named Jean Ribeau Lacho in an article about the psychiatric case of a woman named Madame Macabre; The person who claimed that her husband is not real and a fake has taken his place. Kapgrass along with his colleague called this syndrome the cognate illusion at first. At first, Kapgrass believed that this condition was purely a psychological disorder. For this reason, he did not consider this illusion as a sign of a separate disease. This view continued until 1980, until finally the assumption was made that maybe brain injuries are not so unrelated to the appearance of Kapgrass illusion. Finally, now Kapgras syndrome is known as a rare neurological disorder whose starting point can lie in a brain injury or a destruction in the brain tissue.

BingMag.com Kapgrass syndrome; A disorder in which the feet of aliens are involved!

Capgras illusion is considered as one of the challenging illusions where the person has difficulty in understanding his surroundings. This hallucination can be acute, transient or even chronic. In some cases, it has been reported that patients are confused about the time factor, that is, they believe that time has moved forward or backward.

Kapgrass illusion is often accompanied by other symptoms in people with schizophrenia. or duality of personality is seen. However, there are also reports indicating that surgical injuries, dementia or dementia, as well as other neurodegenerative diseases, may trigger Kapgrass hallucinations. Apparently, the older a person is, the more chance there is for the patient to suffer from this psychological condition. It seems that Kapgrass illusion is related to common diseases such as diabetes, hypothyroidism and migraine attacks. There is also an interesting point in this regard. Apparently, one of the side effects of ketamine is creating hallucinations similar to capgrass in healthy people. It seems that a healthy person can be affected by this disease. Another interesting point lies in the fact that apparently women have a higher chance of suffering from this disorder than men. 2209/24363-3.jpg" class="content-pics" alt="BingMag.com Kapgrass syndrome; A disorder in which the feet of aliens are involved!" title="BingMag.com Kapgrass syndrome; A disorder in which the feet of aliens are involved!" loading="lazy">

For the first time, an American writer named Philip Dick in 1954 was able to write a short story in science-fiction style called "The Father-Thing" Write and publish. The story tries to deal with a third-person narrative where a boy believes that the father of one of the children has been mysteriously stolen and replaced by a similar replacement. The scary part of the story is that only the boy in the story can understand this change. The story revolves around the fact that the boy in the story tries to uncover the truth with the help of other children. This story was later retold in the TV series Electric Dreams in 2017.

In the 1956 movie "Invasion of the Body Snatchers" directed by Don Siegel. Such a plot was turned into a motion picture based on the Capgrass illusion. This story idea became the source of creation of many stories in different mediums. One of the most important and prominent cinematic works is "New York, Part to Whole" (Synecdoche, New York), where the protagonist named Kiden Cotard faces a problem in identifying his ex-wife, and interesting events take place centered on the Capgrass illusion. In the world of "Star Wars" you can also see Capgrass illusion. In the story "Fate of the Jedi", a part of the story deals with the Jedi Knights who suffer from a strange mental condition that is similar to Kapgrass' hallucination. Later in the story, it becomes clear that experiencing this feeling was due to the effect of the dark nature of Ableth, the main negative character of the story on the Jedi. In general, the idea of Kapgrass's illusion is very attractive to filmmakers, and whether the authors are aware of this problem or not, the idea of having an alter ego around the main characters is a very exciting and fascinating idea.

Occurrence of Kapgras illusion

BingMag.com Kapgrass syndrome; A disorder in which the feet of aliens are involved!

In general, Kapgras illusion is a complex complication caused by damage to brain structures. It is created in a person. It is obvious that with more investigation and research about anatomy and neurology, this syndrome can be better known and related to this complication. established.

Three scientists named Alexander, Strauss and Bensen have pointed out in an article published in 1979 that damage to the frontal lip and the right hemisphere can play a significant role in creating the Kapgrass illusion. . The frontal lip is involved in the recognition of people around and acquaintances, and the right hemisphere in the posterior part is related to visual perception.

If a person is diagnosed with another disease such as schizophrenia, he has a higher chance to suffer from Kapras delusion.

A complication called prosopagnosia has also been reported, which is related to Kapgrass illusion. In this condition, patients cannot identify faces consciously and accurately. In general, scientists found out that face recognition in the human brain is done in two ways; Consciously and unconsciously.

In a 1990 article, it was discussed that in patients with Kapgrass illusion, the person can recognize the faces of the people around him, but damage to a part of the perceptual system causes the face of a familiar person to appear. Formed in the patient's mind. This experience seems to be carried out in patients in such a way that the patient gradually doubts the accuracy of his visual perception. In more articles, researchers have found out that if a person is diagnosed with another disease such as schizophrenia, he has a higher chance to suffer from Kapras illusion.

BingMag.com Kapgrass syndrome; A disorder in which the feet of aliens are involved!

Hypotheses about the cause of Kapgrass illusion were investigated by more researchers. Until, in 2010, a scientist named Hirstin was able to present a closer hypothesis about the cause of Kapgrass illusion. According to this scientist, the human brain remembers the people around it with a two-part process. In the first part, the brain only cares about a person's shape, appearance, voice and appearance. In the second part, the brain pays attention to the personality, beliefs, personal emotions and behavioral characteristics of the other human being. Kapgras syndrome occurs when the inner part of this process is damaged or otherwise inaccessible to the brain. In simpler language, the patient perceives a person in one way on the outside and another way on the inside. This is why the patient thinks that he is dealing with a fake or a fake copy of another person. Currently, this hypothesis is considered more scientific and reliable than other hypotheses in scientific circles. There is another less popular hypothesis, according to which patients suffer from problems and disorders related to memory. According to this hypothesis, patients face a problem in correctly and perfectly remembering the faces of familiar people. Scientists in favor of this hypothesis believe that the faces of familiar people are recorded in a person's memory in the form of classified information from various visual, auditory and even tactile aspects. Kapgrass syndrome is effective. Even if there is no damage to the brain in this area, a disconnection between the signals exchanged between the frontal lobes and other lobes can lead to Kapgrass syndrome. Apart from all the mentioned hypotheses, more research is still needed to reveal the main reason for the occurrence of such a syndrome. Also, the most common reason that causes this to happen is still being investigated by scientists. ">

Diagnosing Kapgras syndrome is not an easy task; Because this condition can be confused with other symptoms of mental illness. For example, how do you know that the symptom that the patient complains about is not actually one of the symptoms of schizophrenia? In principle, hallucinations can be considered as side effects of chemical drugs. Currently, the only way to diagnose Kapgrass's delusion is the psychologist's intelligence and tact in examining the signs and symptoms of the disease. Of course, if no physical problem is seen in the brain with CT scan and MRI imaging, it should also be considered that the patient is playing a role for some reason and is benefiting from pretending to be sick. .

Cure for Kapgras syndrome

Kapgras illusion has no treatment at the time of writing this article. Current drugs to prescribe to this category of sufferers are only antidepressants. Scientists are trying to stop the progress of the disease in any way possible. For this purpose, the prescription of sedative and antidepressant pills are the only things that can be offered to improve the condition of patients with Kapgrass illusion. Of course, it has been seen that cholinesterase inhibitor drugs can be considered beneficial for patients with this rare condition; Because the function of neurotransmitters related to memory and judgment can be improved in this group of people. There are people around him. This therapeutic process helps patients to understand the real world around them in a better way and experience less anxiety. Ill maybe compared to some faces in This situation will react incorrectly. In this case, his family and nurse should not warn the patient that his understanding of reality is distorted. Rather, they should try to make the patient think about the people he has become emotionally and emotionally dependent on. p>BingMag.com Kapgrass syndrome; A disorder in which the feet of aliens are involved!

Even though Capgras hallucination is considered a rare disease, there is still a possibility that one of these sufferers is around us. let's face The question here is how to deal with this group of patients who are struggling with a specific disease? Although the behavioral process of the patients is not exactly similar to each other, some recommendations and suggestions can be considered for the people around the patient; recommendations that will be useful for the condition of the patient:

  • If possible is, enter the mental realm of patients. If you try to find out what scares them, that's definitely something you can focus on to solve the problem.
  • Avoid arguing with patients or correcting their wrong statements and claims separately. This behavior is not helpful.
  • Help the patients to feel safe. If you have no idea what to do, ask the patient what they need or at least consult a mental health center.
  • Be aware of their feelings. This allows you to establish a better relationship with the patient.
  • If the patient is allergic to a mask, ask that person not to roam around the patient. If you yourself are known as a substitute, it is better not to be in the crosshairs of the patient's gaze for a temporary period; Because the patient's anxiety can lead to other sudden activities.
  • Maneuver the sound. If a person has Kapgrass syndrome, the first and most effective solution is to associate the appearance of the people around the sick person with certain sounds. If an attack happens to the patient, by relying on the voice of a familiar person, the patient can be silenced in any way possible. Patients suffering from Kapgrass hallucinations only face visual problems, and the voices of the people around them are not distorted.
  • If a person has recently suffered from this problem, it is better to perform MRI and CT scans of different brain areas. There is a possibility that Kapgras illusion was caused by an aneurysm, injury, trauma and even brain tumors. If there are several factors mentioned above, one can express hope for surgery and other treatment solutions.

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