The James Webb Space Telescope, set to begin scientific activity in the summer, is locked on the moving objects of the solar system, another important step in the path of launch. successfully passed.
While NASA's James Webb is in the final stages of launching its scientific instruments, the Telescope team has begun work on the observatory's technical operations. This infrared Telescope is constantly finding distant stars and galaxies and aiming at them with incredible accuracy to obtain experimental images and spectra.
In addition to observing the depths of the universe, there are plans to observe planets and moons. They also have asteroids and comets in the solar system that move in the background of our galaxy. The Web must be able to lock in these moving objects and track them sufficiently to receive spectra and capture images.
Recently, the Web Telescope team conducted the first experiment to detect a moving object. This experiment confirmed that the Web could well conduct scientific research on moving targets. As the Web team moves toward launch, it tests other objects moving at different speeds to see how they study moving objects in the solar system.
Heidi Hammel "The Web can detect faint light from early galaxies, but my team will observe much closer to home, and in this operation from the Web to discover some of the secrets in our own solar system," said the Web scientist. Is used.
Uranus in the field of view Miri
Credit: Keck image and data of Uranus courtesy L. Sromovsky, Leigh Fletcher
Planetary scientists use telescopes to complete missions in place (missions to fly, orbit, or land on other objects) We send) use. One example was the use of Hubble to find the post-Pluto target for the New Horizons mission, the "Arrokoth". Or telescopes are used to measure large populations of objects, such as hundreds of asteroids or Kuiper belt objects (small icy universes beyond planetary orbits).
Web team An asteroid used in the solar system. This feature was tested on a small asteroid in the main belt of asteroids: "6481 Tenzing", named in honor of "Tenzing Norgay", the famous Tibetan mountain guide. He was one of the first people to conquer Mount Everest. The objects were almost identical in appearance, choosing the one with the name associated with success did not require much thought! "
Simulated spectroscopy of Jupiter's European moon
Credit: NASA-GSFC/SVS, Hubble Space Telescope, Stefanie Milam, Geronimo Villanueva
The solar system still has many secrets for time. Thus, the Web intends to observe objects throughout it, including giant planets and Saturn's rings, exploring many Kuiper belt objects, analyzing the Martian atmosphere, conducting detailed studies on Titan, and many more. Thus, in the first year, 7% of the web time will be focused on the objects of the solar system.
Studying the ocean worlds is one of the most exciting web applications. There is evidence from the Hubble Space Telescope that Jupiter's Europa moon has scattered columns of water-rich materials. The web will provide high-quality images of the moon to help study its surface and geological structure. The Web also provides an opportunity to study the chemistry and dynamics of Uranus' upper atmosphere. It is noteworthy that almost all recorded web data from the solar system will be made available immediately and free of charge to the wider planetary science community. This decision is made for further scientific exploration with the Web.
Cover Photo: Graphic Design by the James Webb