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The James Webb Space Telescope began its historic space travel

BingMag.com The <b>James</b> <b>Webb</b> <b>Space</b> <b>Telescope</b> <b>began</b> its <b>historic</b> <b>Space</b> travel

The historic moment of launch finally arrived, and NASA's next-generation James Webb Space Telescope set out on a Space voyage to uncover the unknowns of the universe. p>

The Ariane 5 rocket just a few minutes ago at 07:20 in the Eastern Mani region (15:50 Tehran time) from the Coro Space center, French Guiana in South America, went into Space until years later. Waiting for the James Webb Space Telescope to begin its breathtaking Space journey. This launch will take place just before Christmas, on the tenth anniversary of the completion of the Apollo 8 orbit, the first mission to orbit the moon and return to Earth.

  • See the breathtaking path of the James Webb Space Telescope from historic launch to deployment

The $ 10 billion Web Telescope is set to go 1.6 million kilometers from Earth and orbit in a point halo orbit Lagrange 2 Earth-Sun to make new groundbreaking observations of the early universe and the depths of the universe. Launched between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).

Final steps to launch After years of extensive testing and final integration by its main contractor, Northrop Grumman, he arrived in French Guiana on October 12, 2021 (October 20) by a special ship. After entering the French coro in South America, James Webb was transferred to the Guyana Space Center; Where the final investigations were carried out, integration with the rocket and refueling of the telescope. It was enclosed inside a cargo compartment 5.4 meters in diameter to be ready for launch. Arian 5 and James Webb landed on the launch pad five days later, on December 23.

Failure The successful launch of James Webb is not the end of the challenges and worries, but there are hundreds of chances of failure on the way to the final circuit. These probabilities are steps or procedures that each must go through properly, otherwise they could be catastrophic for the entire mission.

Approximately 80% of these 344 steps are related to the deployment of the web because Its huge dimensions needed to be folded to fit in the launcher. Now, just like a giant origami, it must be gradually opened into Space to be in the final state to begin a scientific mission. The James Webb Space Telescope has a 6.5-meter-diameter shiny giant mirror made of 18 gold-plated hexagons.

BingMag.com The <b>James</b> <b>Webb</b> <b>Space</b> <b>Telescope</b> <b>began</b> its <b>historic</b> <b>Space</b> travel

Graphic design of the launch and release of the James Webb Space Telescope by the Arian 5 rocket
Credit: D. Ducros, ESA:

With the successful launch of the observatory, mission teams are now preparing for any potential challenge to their final deployment, realizing the enormous risk of Space travel. "For the past two years or so, the team has been working on these possible scenarios," said Alphonso Steward, head of web deployment systems before launch. "Where an anomaly is identified, the team will try to fix it based on trained planning." The burden of new technologies has been developed. For example, a high-efficiency HEPA filter is used to prevent possible normal contaminants on the Telescope by creating a gentle current if needed. It will also be protected by a launcher chamber as it exits the atmosphere.

These new methods have been developed and used for the first time, but are expected to be used in subsequent missions such as the Space Agency JUICE mission. Europe applies to Jupiter's moons as well. It is designed to answer some of the biggest questions about our world and its origins. With the priority of observation in the infrared spectrum, the Web will be able to look significantly at the universe and therefore at the past.

The Web will study the first moments of the universe, the formation of stars and distant extrasolar planets, and scientists will even Hope to help them better understand the structure of dark matter.

BingMag.com The <b>James</b> <b>Webb</b> <b>Space</b> <b>Telescope</b> <b>began</b> its <b>historic</b> <b>Space</b> travel

Graphic Design of the James Webb Space Telescope
Credit: ESA

Web About 30 days after launch, Lagrangian's Earth-Sun point is a stable gravitational point In space, on the opposite side of the earth to the sun, will arrive. The Web is expected to send the first scientific images to Earth within the next six months, after sufficient time to ensure the safety of its scientific instruments.

As Thomas Zurbuchen, Deputy Director of Scientific Missions, "The James Webb Space Telescope is a historic moment like Apollo for NASA, for the whole world, and especially for our science programs around the world," NASA said. "This scientific tool promotes dreams."

Cover Photo: James Webb Space Telescope Launched by Arian Rocket Flight


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