Is human compost a better solution instead of burying the dead?

Majlis Khatram, cremation ceremony and burial ceremony are the most common ways to say goodbye to the dead. However, with the development of technology and biological sciences, another option has emerged that can currently be seen in developed countries. An option called human compost, which is not only extremely beneficial for the environment, but this technique can be used for the development of different communities. In this article, while introducing human compost comprehensively, some important questions that may arise in the mind are answered.

BingMag.com Is human compost a better solution instead of burying the dead?

Majlis Khatram, cremation ceremony and burial ceremony are the most common ways to say goodbye to the dead. However, with the development of technology and biological sciences, another option has emerged that can currently be seen in developed countries. An option called human compost, which is not only extremely beneficial for the environment, but this technique can be used for the development of different communities. In this article, while introducing human compost comprehensively, some important questions that may arise in the mind are answered.

Human compost is a process that terminates the activity of biological molecules in the human body. And organic materials are used to turn corpses into soil. This unique form of decomposition process was first proposed by burial experts in the United States of America.

Briefly, bodies are placed in a series of airtight containers and covered by a pile of hay and sawdust. will be In this case, organic materials accumulate quickly and naturally produce favorable heat. For this reason, instead of using fossil fuels to burn corpses, this method can be used to provide heat energy. In general, cremation, which has become popular in European and American countries, requires 135 liters of fuel. This process releases nearly 245 kg of CO2 gas into the atmosphere. However, the process of human composting has made the process of decomposing the corpse 90% cleaner than the cremation process. In fact, the process of human composting is extremely simple. The staff only needs to use a group of organic materials and place them on the corpse and then simply close the lid of the container. The heat generated causes the microbial activity to increase greatly. A human compost product can be prepared in almost a month. In western countries, it has become customary to return the desired soil to the family of the deceased upon request.

BingMag.com Is human compost a better solution instead of burying the dead?

Global warming crisis, human composting process is highly welcomed; Because with less CO2 production, the global warming crisis can be prevented to a great extent

In the midst of the global warming crisis, the process of human composting is highly welcomed Because with less CO2 production, the global warming crisis can be prevented to a large extent. Also, we will have a much better environment than before. On the other hand, this way of thinking that after death a person becomes a small component in nature is an interesting and thought-provoking line of thought that is almost acceptable to Western people. At least the fact that the body is not cremated and turns into soil through a biological process has a better effect on the person and even the family of the deceased.

The interesting point is that the product of the cremation process is It is ash that has no benefit to the environment and even to the family of the deceased. However, if the human composting process is undertaken, the final product is soil. This soil can be used to fertilize the garden. Currently, only four states in the United States include human composting as a burial option. Four states which are Colorado, Oregon, Vermont and Washington.

Katrina Spade; The first person who thought of human compost

BingMag.com Is human compost a better solution instead of burying the dead?

Katrina Spade, just a student of agricultural sciences at the country university It was America that had been working on the burial industry for a long time and had also undertaken research. The findings of this scholar in the field of burial of human bodies were extremely disappointing; This is because the burial industry in the western world was considered extremely expensive and unstable in terms of balance and energy balance. Speed went further in the field of research and investigated the culture of different societies regarding the matter of burial. Spade achieved a wide range of results. However, he found that ground burial and cremation were the two most common methods for people to bury their dead. Soil science to cooperate. Finally, he was able to devise laboratory research to turn the remains of a human corpse into soil or semi-soil, a product that could be used for agricultural purposes.

Speed was finally able to establish his own company in this field under the name of Recompose. Speed company was able to provide another option for people to say goodbye to their dead. Despite the fact that a very innovative and new method was used in America, the people of Washington State have gradually shown favor to the human composting method. Of course, it goes without saying that in order for human compost to be considered legal in the American society, Speed worked around the clock so that his company could start working legally and without any problems from the spring of 2021. Maybe if try and Without Katrina Spade's efforts in those years, no one would still be thinking about human compost, let alone establishing a private company whose mission is based on this goal. Katrina Spade's name was registered globally in biological sciences, and a page was created on Wikipedia in recognition of her efforts in the field of expanding agricultural science technologies. /2210/25121-4.jpg" class="content-pics" alt="BingMag.com Is human compost a better solution instead of burying the dead?" title="BingMag.com Is human compost a better solution instead of burying the dead?" loading="lazy">

Composting and decomposing corpses requires a few simple factors: oxygen, microorganisms and organic matter. Of course, organic materials have a very wide category. This category of materials can be obtained from the remains of food, plants and even the remains of human corpses. Microorganisms break and break these wastes and residues by the enzymes they have. However, this whole process requires oxygen and therefore, if a vacuum environment is created, the composting process cannot be carried out. Everyone has probably seen a simple example of compost. Imagine a healthy banana. After a few days, the banana skin will change into another shape. This process is considered a type of compost.

The idea of human compost is very beautiful and creative from afar, but it is considered a challenging process in practice

Of course, some experts believe that the word compost refers to human decomposition. To the soil, it is not correct and it is better to call this process in humans, neocombination. In fact, based on this process, unstable materials become stable materials and become natural elements over time. The goal of a company like Recompose is to turn organic material, including human corpses, into a more sustainable organic material. In simpler language, the human body becomes something that no longer resembles the remains of a corpse. It goes without saying that during human composting, changes are made at the molecular level.

The idea of human composting is very beautiful and creative from afar, but it is a challenging process in practice. For example, saving and storing corpses at the very beginning of accepting the deceased is considered an important challenge for companies; Because it is not possible to keep the corpses in one area so easily until it is their turn to be composted. The whole process takes three to seven weeks, depending on the condition of the corpse, the environment, as well as the protocols of the company doing it, until the human body is completely turned into soil. In the whole process of human composting, toxic substances such as formaldehyde, metals, and processed wood are not used.

Alkaline hydrolysis; A process similar to human composting

BingMag.com Is human compost a better solution instead of burying the dead?

Certainly not every family will accept as easily as the traditional burial process. put it aside and turn the deceased body into soil through a process of decomposition. This issue led to the consideration of various aspects for the use of other approaches, and a similar method to human compost was also presented. The United States of America has legalized a burial process that allows people to say goodbye to their loved ones in a low-cost way similar to human composting. This method is called alkaline hydrolysis, which is a water-based incineration model. This process follows almost the same idea as human compost; It means the decomposition of human remains into other stable materials. Alkaline hydrolysis process is carried out in 19 states of America.

Currently, Washington is the only state that no longer accepts the alkaline hydrolysis process. Since the spring of 2019, the government of this state has declared the human composting process legal. Although SPEED was able to make human composting a legal process, several states continued to pursue SPEED's project diligently to obtain better and more accurate information about the process. In any case, human compost is far better than alkaline hydrolysis; Because the hydrolysis of the corpse by the alkaline substance requires the disposal of chemicals, and for this reason, the surface water may be contaminated. On the other hand, human compost not only does not pollute the environment and surface water, it is extremely beneficial for the environment for the reasons already mentioned. It is interesting to know that these strictures are mostly aimed at the United States and human compost was much more easily accepted by the government and people in European countries. For example, it is interesting to know that in Sweden, the process of human composting has been declared legal since 2005.

What happens to the bones?

BingMag.com Is human compost a better solution instead of burying the dead?

This issue may be a question for many, how do the bones of a human being decompose? Normally, even after a few years have passed since a person's death, their bones remain buried. For example, we can mention the activity of archaeologists who try to identify the identity, age and other parameters related to the desired fossil by digging and finding the bones of a creature. What happens to the bones in the human composting process? Before answering this question, it is necessary to talk about a part of the mechanism of this process.

It cannot be claimed that during human composting, nothing of human remains in terms of bones. There is no residue

The contents of the cylinder are usually mixed together during composting so that the remains of human bones are more easily broken and turned into smaller pieces. The process of combining materials goes to such an extent that if the human body were completely decomposed, one cubic yard of soil would be produced. The technique of mixing the materials is done within 30 days, and during this period, the bones, as mentioned, become very small pieces. Therefore, it cannot be claimed that during human composting, nothing remains from the human body in terms of bones, because the hardest part of the human body is actually the bones. During the process of human composting, by crushing the bone into smaller pieces, an attempt is made to advance the decomposition process of the bones. In a simpler language, if, for example, the bone is to be completely powdered in 30 years, this period of time will be reduced by half by using the human composting method.

The cost of human composting and its conditions in Iran.

Currently, in Iran, this technology is not used to decompose human corpses, and the production of human compost is obtained only from human excrement. Despite the fact that the percentage of nitrogen in human fertilizers is extremely small (five to seven percent), many farmers are afraid of using human fertilizers; Because human manure, despite its high moisture content, has far less phosphorus and potassium than animal manure such as cows, horses, and sheep.

Even if human compost is allowed in Iran legally. And on the other hand, to establish organizations and companies in this field, this method is still facing many challenges in the country. The most important crisis and challenge is the non-acceptance of most people to composting corpses; Because burying the deceased in a natural way in the soil has been very influential in the society's culture since ancient times, and this issue cannot be easily removed from the culture of the Iranian people. On the other hand, the cost of human compost is extremely expensive for an Iranian family. In Western countries, for the preparation of human compost, depending on the conditions and the desired company, a figure between 4 and 6 thousand dollars must be paid. Naturally, this number is not affordable in any way in Iran.

Human compost versus natural burial

BingMag.com Is human compost a better solution instead of burying the dead?

Perhaps this question has been formed for transient audiences, when you can easily bury a person in the soil, why should you prepare human compost? Does human compost have advantages over natural burial?

On the surface, both methods are favorable for the environment and do not cause any harm. However, for burial, you should use the tomb and such places in the city. Therefore, such places should be built on the level or outskirts of the city. For this reason, in terms of aesthetics and logistics, it is better to gradually abandon the natural burial method so that the city can have a better appearance. Naturally, by limiting the cemetery environment, the beauty of the city can be greatly helped. Apart from this issue, human compost does not have any special advantage over natural burial. In both cases, human decomposition takes place in a way that does not harm the environment. It may even cost less for natural burial than for human composting.>

Currently, several companies have been established to prepare human compost from corpses, which are working legally. In this article, four reputable companies are introduced in this field:

Recompose Company

The first company to perform the human composting process is Recompose Company founded by Katrina Spade; The same person who worked in this field and was able to do something for the United States of America to recognize this technology. By visiting this company's website, you can get comprehensive information about their mission and work process. This company was established in Washington, but a new branch has been established in the state of Colorado. Speed planned to place 32 containers in the company for the beginning of the work, but due to the spread of the Covid-19 virus, this number reached 10. This company is paid $5,500 for human composting. Upon receiving this amount, the company will do all the work process automatically.

Return Home Company

Mica Truman founded a company called Return Home inspired by Speed Company to The process of human composting will expand significantly. In order to compete with Speed, this company has announced a lower price ($3,800) for a human composting process than the competing company. This company is working with 65 containers in Washington. Truman plans to expand his business to Colorado and California. Unlike the Recompose company, the Truman company, depending on the amount it receives, only performs the human composting process and the cost of transporting the body to the company is borne by the family of the deceased.

Herland Forest Company

This company has obtained both the license to produce human compost and the license to bury in the soil. Harland Company charged $3,000 for human composting This amount of cost, like the Return Home company, is only for the process and a separate fee must be paid for the transfer.

Earth Funeral Company

This company is currently in Washington. And Oregon is working, and the members of this company are trying to convert the carbon obtained from the process into a carbon neutral and non-toxic for the environment. However, the entire human composting process at this company takes 45 days. On the other hand, this right of choice is considered for the families as to how much soil they want to be produced. The remaining remains of the deceased are returned to the family upon request to be used in another way during the funeral or to be buried. This company receives $4,950 for the process of producing human compost. This figure is received in order to carry out all activities, including transfers.

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