India’s history-making orbiter ended its work on Mars

India's Mars Orbiter, which is considered the first Asian Mars probe, ended its work after about eight years of scientific activity.

BingMag.com India’s history-making orbiter ended its work on Mars

India's Mars Orbiter, which is considered the first Asian Mars probe, ended its work after about eight years of scientific activity.

Despite its modest overall achievements, India's Mars Orbiter Mission or Mangalyaan is one of the notable achievements of the modern spaceflight era. This probe, which was launched in 2013, was the first Mars spacecraft built by an Asian country to reach the orbit of the Red Planet. Only the United States of America, the Soviet Union, and the European Space Agency had done so before.

And perhaps most importantly, India proved that a durable and capable Mars spacecraft could be built on a budget. developed Instead of spending hundreds of millions of dollars, India's Mars mission was developed for only about $25 million in a process described by Indian officials as "economical engineering". and the Indian Space Agency (ISRO) declared that the mission was unrecoverable. The update came after a one-day meeting. At the meeting, Indian officials discussed the spacecraft and whether it could be salvaged after it lost contact in April following a long eclipse and Mars between the orbiter and the Sun.

The agency emphasized: "It was determined that the spacecraft is unrecoverable and is at the end of its life. This mission will always be known as a remarkable technological and scientific feat in the history of planetary exploration.

This orbiter has certainly exceeded expectations. India's Mars Orbiter, which was originally designed for a six-month life, was engaged in sending scientific data to Earth for about eight years.

Among the scientific contributions of this probe, sending regular color images of the entire disk of Mars. It was possible because of the elliptical orbit of the spacecraft. Meanwhile, most spacecraft in Mars orbit spend their time near the planet and look directly at its surface. Dust provided. According to Indian officials, more than 7,200 users have signed up to download data collected by the mission for free.

At the orbiter status update meeting, scientists and engineers also spoke for up to seven hours about the challenge of keeping the spacecraft alive for long periods. they did Much of the probe's fuel had to be used up five years ago to allow it to be repositioned to pass eclipses and ensure that its panels receive enough sunlight.

After the success of the Mars orbiter mission, India will have more resources dedicated to the moon and mars missions. The country is currently planning several missions to the surface of the moon with the ultimate goal of bringing soil and rock samples from the Earth's moon. This country will send another rover to Mars in the next few years, and it is going to send a rover to the red planet in the second half of the 2020s.

Cover photo: Graphic design of India's Mars orbiter
: ISRO

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