The sun, which is experiencing a period of fresh weather, has now begun its intense activity much earlier than expected, including the solar system. It has affected Mercury and Earth.
In recent months, the activity of the sun has Increased much faster than the previous official forecast. The Sun moves in an 11-year cycle between peak and fall activity, but since the mechanism that drives this solar cycle is not well known, predicting its exact length and power is challenging for scientists.solar system. On Thursday, April 14, an unusual G2 magnetic storm hit the Earth from the sun, and scientists say that in this activity called a geomagnetic storm, the sun produces a magnetic discharge and sends it to Earth. Essentially, Increased solar activity will send significant amounts of high-energy coronal mass ejection to Earth and other solar system planets.
solar activity and solar flare on March 20,
2022 (March 29, 1400) from the point of view of the solar
Credit: NASA/GSFC/SDO "Coronal Mass Ejection" is the expulsion of plasma and magnetic field from the Sun's corona (outer luminous corona) into space, and when thrown to Earth, can exchange energy with the planet's magnetic surface. And watch for a variety of problems.
- Watch the massive, record-breaking eruption of the sun
The new activity of the sun, billions of tons of plasma with its internal magnetic field, has reached Earth. These storms are caused by magnetic activity in the outermost part of the sun, which causes them to explode regularly, creating a coronal mass that strikes the earth's magnetic field. Some models predict that this activity will affect the Earth as soon as Thursday.
Throwing a corona mass to the ground has happened many times before and the probability of significant damage from them is small, but this time some Scientists believe that the new solar activity has the potential to cause damage, mainly in the form of regional power outages, especially at higher latitudes, and disruption of radio signals. The solar eclipse hit the earth on Thursday at a speed of 430 to 575 kilometers per hour. According to the center, "After the storm, solar wind and near-Earth environmental conditions are now returning to nominal levels." In geomagnetic storms, currents in the ionosphere as well as energetic particles, energy Are added in the form of heat, which can increase the density and density distribution in the upper atmosphere and cause additional traction on satellites in low-Earth orbit. So while aurora borealis creates beauty, it can disrupt navigation systems and have adverse effects on the power distribution network and pipelines.
Mercury passing in front of the Sun in November 2109
New activity The Sun also triggered a giant plasma wave on Mercury on Tuesday (April 23rd), possibly causing a geomagnetic storm to remove matter from the planet. The eruption started the day before from around the sun and hit the planet in less than a day. It is possible that the corona mass collision created a temporary atmosphere on the planet and added matter to the comet-like part of Mercury. They create strong geomagnetic storms, but the lack of a strong magnetic field combined with the sun's plasma projections deprives planets like Mercury of any permanent atmosphere for long periods of time. Atoms that remain on Mercury are constantly in space. They get lost and, like comets, form a wig of material thrown behind the planet. Recently, however, scientists have studied the planet's magnetic fields more closely, and findings, including those from the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, show that geomagnetic processes are similar to Earth, except that they vary in size and intensity.Credit: NASA