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The Hubble 2021 Big Tour was completed from the outer planets of the solar system

BingMag.com The Hubble 2021 Big Tour was completed from the outer planets of the solar system

The powerful Hubble Space Telescope, despite its difficulties, continues to expand human knowledge of the universe, and in 2021 it was able to do many wonders, including about Outer planets record the solar system, some of which have now been published during the Outer Planets' Inheritance Program.

In ancient Greek mythology, the world was first ruled by a race of giants called Titan or Titan. The ancient Titans of the solar system are its outer planets, which include Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. , Pebbles appear. The monsters in the outer part of the solar system, which range from 780 million to 4.5 billion kilometers, are as mysterious as they are so far from the sun that the water in them immediately turns into solid ice. These gas giants all have deep rotating atmospheres, most of which are composed of elementary elements, and in fact these planets have no solid surface.

In the 1970s and 1980s, NASA's Pioneer 10 And Pioneer 11, as well as Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, made their first long voyage to outer solar system. These probes showed stunning close-ups of these very complex worlds to humanity.

In the 1990s, however, the Hubble Space Telescope began working to discover what these interplanetary travelers were unable to do. Every year since then, Hubble has observed the changing rotation of Jupiter's colorful atmosphere, seasonal storms on Uranus and Saturn, and a stray dark spot found and hidden on Neptune.

As a meteorologist in the solar system, Hubble's superb observation of these magnificent giants gives astronomers a good insight into an ever-changing beauty of other worlds.

  • The weekly wonders of the solar system that may one day Destined for Tourism

The Hubble Space Telescope, operated by NASA and the European Space Agency, has completed its large tour this year from its point of view, which is miles above Earth. It is complementary to current and past observations of interplanetary spacecraft. This is the realm of the giant planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, which extend up to 30 times the distance between Earth and the Sun. Far away, they are made up mostly of cold, hydrogen, helium, ammonia, methane, and deep-water gases around a dense, compact, and extremely hot nucleus.

These four huge planets have been sent to Earth, but their rotating and colorful atmosphere is constantly changing. So despite the close-up images sent by robotic spacecraft from these planets, Hubble is constantly roaming these distant worlds to reveal new wonders, offering new insights into their rebellious climate formed by as yet unknown dynamic forces beneath the clouds.

BingMag.com The Hubble 2021 Big Tour was completed from the outer planets of the solar system

Hubble Space Telescope in Earth Orbit

Hubble images of extraterrestrial planets show the sharp and subtle changes that are taking place rapidly in these distant worlds. The clear view of this space observatory provides information about climatic patterns and attractive and dynamic seasons in these gas giants, and allows astronomers to study the very similar as well as very different causes of climate change in them.

This Hubble images are part of each planet's annual map, taken as part of the Outer Planets Atmospheres Legacy (OPAL) program. This program provides annual, global views of the outer planets of the solar system to explore changes in their storms, winds, and clouds. External data. Opal's scientific data can also be very effective in studying the atmospheres of planets orbiting non-solar stars far beyond our solar system.

Jupiter

BingMag.com The Hubble 2021 Big Tour was completed from the outer planets of the solar system

Jupiter from the point of view of Hubble in 2021

This year's Hubble images of Jupiter , The constantly changing landscape follows its turbulent atmosphere; Where several new storms are emerging and the speed of color changes near the planet's equator continues to amaze researchers. Hubble's September 4 photo shows the giant planet's steep atmosphere.

The planet's equatorial region has remained deep orange for a long time compared to previous dark areas. While the equator has changed from its traditional white and beige appearance over the years, scientists were surprised to find a bolder orange in recent Hubble imaging as they expected the region to continue to lose its reddish haze layer.

Also just above Jupiter's equator, researchers noted the emergence of several new storms known as "Barges" during the Voyager era. These long red cells can be interpreted as silicone vortices that are different in appearance. While some storms are quite clear, others have a hazy effect. "Every time we receive new data, the image quality and detail are different," said Amy Simon of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. I am always surprised by the cloud features. When I look at Jupiter, I can see cloud structures in the barges or in the bottom red bar, which are clearly much deeper. "We see a lot of structures and deep vertical changes here." It detects wind speeds, is still a darker beige color, and connects to the south of the planet with a string of white anti-cyclone storms.

Saturn

BingMag.com The Hubble 2021 Big Tour was completed from the outer planets of the solar system

Saturn from Hubble's point of view in 2021

Hubble's new view of Saturn on September 12 (September 21) Shows the rapid and sharp color changes of the planet's northern hemisphere bands, where it is now early autumn. Significantly, Saturn's iconic hexagonal storm, first discovered by the Voyager 2 spacecraft in 1981, was barely recognizable in 2020 but will be clearly visible again in 2021.

Hubble Image From Saturn, it depicts the planet in the southern hemisphere after winter, which is visible in bluish color. In the past, Hubble has allowed researchers to follow seasonal changes in the Northern Hemisphere closely. "This is what we can do with Hubble," said Michael Wong of the University of California, Berkeley. Do it in the best way. With Hubble High Resolution, we can accurately identify where the tapes are really changing. "If we were to look at this phenomenon with a ground-based telescope, we would lose some changes due to the blurring of the image by the Earth's atmosphere, and nothing from Earth could be as clearly visible as the Hubble image."

BingMag.com The Hubble 2021 Big Tour was completed from the outer planets of the solar system

Planet Uranus from Hubble In 2021, Hubble's October 25 view of Uranus focuses on the planet's bright polar cover. In the northern hemisphere, the planet is spring, and it seems that the increased absorption of ultraviolet radiation from the sun has caused the polar region to glow.

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Researchers are studying how the bright polar cap is affected by changes in the concentration of methane in the atmosphere, the properties of fog particles, and atmospheric flow patterns. It is strange that even as the atmospheric cap becomes brighter, the southernmost clear boundary remains the same latitude. This phenomenon has been constant over the past several years, and may be due to a jet stream that obstructs at 43 degrees latitude.

Neptune

BingMag.com The Hubble 2021 Big Tour was completed from the outer planets of the solar system

The planet Neptune from Hubble's point of view in 2021

On September 7, researchers found that the recently discovered dark spot of Neptune had reversed its course from moving toward the equator, and can still be seen in the planet's dark northern hemisphere. There is also a remarkable dark, elongated circle that surrounds Neptune's Antarctica. Scattering) which causes the earth's sky to turn blue. In 2021, some bright clouds will be seen on Neptune, and its distinctive blue with a unique large dark spot is very reminiscent of what Voyager 2 saw in 1989.

BingMag.com The Hubble 2021 Big Tour was completed from the outer planets of the solar system

The Hubble Veteran Telescope, which is currently asleep due to a software problem, has been opening the human eye to and around the universe for years, and NASA And the European Space Agency hopes that, despite the problems, it will continue to operate until the middle of the next decade. The sky to be placed in its orbit in a long and complex process and open a new perspective for humanity. Amy Simon (NASA-GSFC), Michael H. Wong (UC Berkeley). Joseph DePasquale (STScI)


Source: SciTechDaily

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