How to take photos with wonderful bokeh effect?

Do you want to take beautiful pictures with bokeh effect? So you came to the right place! In this article, we will teach you everything about capturing beautiful images with a blurred background or bokeh effect. This tutorial also includes several examples so you know exactly what to expect from your images. How to take photos with wonderful bokeh effect?

Do you want to take beautiful pictures with bokeh effect? So you came to the right place! In this article, we will teach you everything about capturing beautiful images with a blurred background or bokeh effect. This tutorial also includes several examples so you know exactly what to expect from your images.

What does the bokeh effect mean in photography?

Bokeh refers to the out-of-focus areas of an image. has it. Especially the areas that are very blurry. For example, look at the background of this photo: How to take photos with wonderful bokeh effect?

You can see how the space behind the subject is very smooth and even. has it been When we talk about the bokeh effect, we mean exactly such an image.

Note that the term "bokeh" generally refers to any kind of blurring of the background or foreground of photos. So, you can have beautiful bokeh effect images (when the out-of-focus areas are nice and smooth) or you can have bad bokeh (when the details in the out-of-focus areas are too sharp). Later in this article, we will explain more about the reasons for creating a good or bad bokeh effect. But for now, you just need to know that not all bokeh looks equally beautiful and good.

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Beginner photographers often struggle to capture images with the bokeh effect, as capturing these images can be complicated. In fact, photography is not as simple as just manipulating one of your camera's settings and start shooting. Instead, the quality of the bokeh in your photos is affected by 5 main factors:

  • Aperture size
  • Lens selection
  • Distance between The camera and the desired photography subject
  • The distance between the subject and the background
  • The quality of the background

Now, let's consider each of these factors in turn and Let's check in more detail. How to take photos with wonderful bokeh effect?

1. The role of aperture size in bokeh images

Aperture can be considered as a hole in the lens. In fact, it is the size of the lens aperture that determines the amount and volume of light entering the lens. This value is shown in cameras with F number.

The lower the f number, the larger the aperture size. Numbers like f/1.8 or f/2.8 can be considered open apertures. On the other hand, the larger the aperture number, the smaller the aperture size. Therefore, numbers like f/11 or f/16 can be considered as examples of narrow aperture. But what does the aperture have to do with the bokeh effect? The wider the aperture, the better the bokeh. Because the wider the aperture, the more background blur your lens creates.

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On the other hand, a narrower aperture captures images where all background and background details are sharp. This is why landscape and nature photographers always shoot at f/8 or higher. Because they want everything in their photo to be in focus!

So, when you see pictures with a nice bokeh effect, they were probably shot at f/4 or wider (something like f/1.8, f/2.8 or even f/1.2).

Unfortunately, as we'll explain later, not all lenses allow you to shoot at very wide apertures. In the next section, we will discuss the topic of lens selection in a more specialized manner. How to take photos with wonderful bokeh effect?

2. The role of lens selection in capturing bokeh images

Some lenses can capture very specific, blurred and high-quality bokeh images. But some other lenses may be very weak in terms of bokeh quality. What do you think is the reason for this issue?

Several factors may be related to this issue.

The first reason, as we stated in the previous case, the larger the aperture of the lens, Bokeh quality improves. If you can open the lens aperture a lot and let a lot of light into the lens, your bokeh quality will be great. But if the aperture is small, the lens cannot separate the subject from the background and therefore you will not see a good bokeh effect.

The second reason is more specialized and comes back to the shape of the lens aperture. Some lenses have circular apertures, while others may have hexagonal, heptagonal, or octagonal apertures. Since the shape of the aperture generally determines the shape of the bokeh, the more circular the aperture, the better and smoother the bokeh effect.

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Note that the shape of the diaphragm is primarily determined by the number of diaphragm blades. You can easily find this information in the specification sheet of each lens. The more the number of blades, the better the circular shape of the diaphragm.

The third reason is the length. The lens returns. The longer the lens, the better it compresses the background and therefore the sharper it will be. Therefore, your bokeh images will also be better.

Consequently, to get the best bokeh images, we recommend a lens with a long focal length (eg 200mm), equipped with a wide aperture (eg f/2.8) and Buy a lot of aperture blades (more than 9).

3. The distance between the camera and your subject

The closer you are to the subject, the better the background bokeh effect. As your distance from the subject increases, the bokeh effect will disappear and fade. Therefore, the closer you get to the subject, the better the bokeh effect.

With these descriptions, you can get closer to your subject and get a better bokeh effect in 2 ways:

First, from Get physically close to the subject. Second, use a telephoto lens with a focal length between 300 and 800 mm. These lenses can zoom exactly on your subject and you don't need to change your position.

The second option, that is, choosing a telephoto lens, is naturally easier. Because many times it is not possible to physically approach the subjects. For example, if you plan to photograph wildlife, it is not possible to always approach the subject yourself. On the other hand, if you're shooting portraits, getting closer to the subject might be a better technique. How to take photos with wonderful bokeh effect?

4. Distance between subject and background

The smaller the distance between the subject and the background, the less the background will be blurred and therefore the weaker your bokeh effect will be. On the other hand, if your background is far from the subject, the background blur will be more and your photo will look more beautiful. You put a tree. If he is too close to the tree, so that the branches of the tree are touching his body, your camera will not be able to separate the subject from the background. So both of them will be in focus and you will see weak bokeh. But if you bring the child further and increase the distance between him and the tree, the background will become more blurred and the tree will start to fade and blur in your image. Photoshop

In fact, increasing the distance of the subject from the background is one of the easiest techniques to enhance the quality of the bokeh effect, especially if your lens aperture is limited and does not open well. Remember this point, the farther your subject is from the background, the more beautiful the result will be.

5. Background quality

Some backgrounds fade easily. But it is very difficult to blur some backgrounds.

It is not difficult to recognize this issue. Where there are uniform elements (such as a forest of green leaves), very smooth and beautiful bokeh is created. On the other hand, when the background elements are jagged and jagged (such as crowds, cars, or houses), jagged bokeh is recorded.

However, there are other characteristics of the background that make them

For example, if you select and compose your image so that the light shines on a part of the background, you will often get stunning bokeh effects. This way you can take a photo like this: How to take photos with wonderful bokeh effect?

Step by step tutorial for capturing beautiful bokeh images

Step 1: Use the right lens

The first step is to use the right lens. Use a lens that has a large aperture size (for example, f/2.8 or larger can be a good option, but f/4 can also get you started).

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If possible, choose a lens with a large number of aperture blades. Remember, the more circular the shape of the aperture, the better the impression of bokeh.

Step 2: Choose a large aperture

Only one of the camera settings is effective in capturing bokeh images, and It is also the size of the aperture. So, choose it carefully.

To capture the best bokeh effect with your camera, you should choose the lowest possible aperture value.

To learn how to change For the aperture value of the camera, it is better to refer to the manual of your camera. But in general, to do this, you have to set the camera to manual mode. Of course, some more professional cameras put a special aperture button on the camera body. How to take photos with wonderful bokeh effect?

The third step: Get close to your subject

Choose your subject and then get as close to it as possible. As mentioned earlier, you can either get close to the subject yourself or use a long focal length lens. Use for stronger zoom.

If you have the opportunity, try both of these modes. The result of each of these methods will be slightly different.

Step 4: Place your subject in the best part of the background

If you can choose the background or if you can choose the subject Move your photography, choose a background for your photo that is smooth and uniform.

Also, try to keep some distance between your subject and the background. The greater the distance between the subject and the background (for example, tree, wall, park, landscape, etc.), the more beautiful the bokeh effect will be.

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If you can't move the subject, try adjusting your angle to find the ideal background. How to take photos with wonderful bokeh effect?

Step 5: Choose other settings well and shoot

At this stage, everything is ready to capture a beautiful image with the bokeh effect. Now you have to choose other camera and exposure settings (such as shutter speed or ISO).

Again, pay attention to your subject. For the last time, be careful that there are no distracting factors in your image.

And now you can record your photo.

After taking a few photos, check your camera screen. And look at the photos. Pay attention to the quality of the background. Ask yourself how is the bokeh effect? What are its weaknesses? How can I improve it?

Apply the necessary changes and reshoot

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