How does Huawei want to bypass the embargo on chips?

In 2020, to increase the pressure on Huawei, the US passed a new law, according to which the company cannot use American equipment to produce its desired chips. . At that time, Huawei was TSMC's second largest customer after Apple, but due to the extensive pressure from America, Huawei almost completely lost the ability to produce advanced chips.

BingMag.com How does Huawei want to bypass the embargo on chips?

In 2020, to increase the pressure on Huawei, the US passed a new law, according to which the company cannot use American equipment to produce its desired chips. . At that time, Huawei was TSMC's second largest customer after Apple, but due to the extensive pressure from America, Huawei almost completely lost the ability to produce advanced chips.

During these few years, Huawei's proprietary operating system It developed Harmony and although it uses new Snapdragon chips for its phones, these chips cannot access 5G internet due to US sanctions. Also, instead of Huawei's mobile services, this company has introduced alternative services.

Now, according to a Bloomberg News report, a Chinese startup has been able to purchase the necessary equipment to prepare the chip production lines, and Huawei is looking to cooperate with This is the company. This company was not only founded by one of Huawei's former senior executives, but based on published documents and satellite images, it is building its factory near Huawei's headquarters. Informed sources say that Huawei wants to acquire 100% of the production capacity of this company. Apparently, the purchased equipment will reach it by the first half of next year. Yes, he probably can't easily buy equipment related to ultraviolet lithography called EUV. These devices are made exclusively by the Dutch company ASML, each of which is the size of a bus. These devices are used to etch very thin circuits (much narrower than a human hair) that are eventually placed on the wafer and play an important role in order to embed the transistors of the chips. Considering that there are billions of transistors in the new advanced chips, you can imagine how narrow these circuits must be.

Considering that these devices are very important for the production of advanced chips, the Dutch government naturally A Chinese company won't let you buy one of these $200 million devices. China's largest chip maker, SMIC, announced some time ago that it has succeeded in producing 7nm chips without using EUV equipment. Meanwhile, Samsung and TSMC are currently producing 3nm chips. Therefore, even if the Chinese have succeeded in producing 7nm chips, without using EUV equipment, it is largely impossible to produce more advanced chips.

Currently, the activities of PXW company and the possibility of its cooperation with Huawei are of interest to the ministry. Commerce of the United States of America is placed. According to the report of the Bloomberg news agency, it is currently unclear whether PXW's activities violate the US sanctions against Huawei or not. But in any case, this company has to overcome many challenges to provide all the necessary equipment. It should be noted that Huawei, like Apple, is one of the companies that, after designing its own chips, outsources their production to another company, and after the US sanctions, Huawei's chip design department is practically paralyzed.

BingMag.com How does Huawei want to bypass the embargo on chips?

According to the announced plans, apparently PXW wants to start its activities with the production of 28nm chips from 2025. This is while Samsung and TSMC 2nm chips have been on the market until then. In simple words, the lower the number related to the chip manufacturing technology, the more transistors are embedded in the chip. Increasing the number of transistors means more power and less energy consumption. Informed sources say that PXW eventually wants to key the production of 14nm and 7nm chips.

Although PXW will not be a significant threat for years, in the US as a whole, instead of restricting only Huawei, it wants all Chinese companies. To boycott active in the field of chips so that they face more problems in the field of equipment. Therefore, despite these efforts, it seems that in the best case, Huawei will not be able to access the advanced chips it wants for years.

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