The first person in the world to use the word automation Delmas Hard, Vice President of Automotive It was in 1948 that Ford said, "What we need is more automation." He realized that in order to survive in the market and compete with companies like Chevrolet, there was a need to improve performance at various stages of production. This was the first time anyone thought of automating a production line. This approach has led to robots working in many of their production units and warehouses these days to simplify and speed up processes as well as warehouse management.
History of Robotics in Warehouse Management
Although Hard spoke of automation in 1948, it was not until 1954 that George Dowell became the first arm. It produced robotics for industrial use. There was no news of robots. This robotic arm, called the Unimate, was able to move objects 12 feet, which is about three meters and sixty-five centimeters. This robot led to George Dowell being called the "grandfather of robots". However, no investment was made in the robot until 1961, as there were many concerns about the unemployment of workers. GM first used the robotic arm at its New Jersey plant in 1962.
The next robot was called the Stanford arm, and Victor Scheinman in 1969 began construction. It was the first robot to work with electricity and could move on six axes with good precision. This arm was powerful enough to assemble the Ford T-model water engine using contact and optical sensors. The use of this robot was the beginning of a new era to achieve better efficiency in the production process.
Since then, the use of robots in production lines and Warehouses increased In 2003, Kiva systems began producing automated AMRs, or robots, which were used to move goods using conveyors or forklifts in warehouses and distribution centers. The performance of Kiva robots was so remarkable that Amazon bought the company in 2012 and uses its robots in all its distribution centers and warehouses. Amazon is a pioneer in the development of this technology with ten thousand storage robots.
Types of robots in warehousing
Different robots in the world They are used for storage and each does different things. There are four types of robots that are most used, we will talk about the details of these robots below:
Automatically guided robot (AGV)
Kiva robots, which are the most famous robots in the world, are in fact in the category of automatic guided robots. These robots can move materials or equipment with the help of various sensors, magnetic strips and trackers installed in your warehouse. These robots are considered to be the best alternatives to wheelbarrows or forklifts in stock.
Mobile Automatic Robot (AMR)
AMR or autonomous mobile robot are actually a more advanced version of AGV. These robots do not need magnetic tape or sensors, and warehouse maps and distribution centers are fully loaded on them. The robots are equipped with various safety scanners such as 3D cameras, infrared, LED, front and rear sensors, etc., which help them move around the environment without worries and completely dominate. These robots can also be used as automatic lifts.
Cobots or partner robots
These robots, as their name suggests, work with humans in storage, and in fact simplify the work of workers. They are semi-automated and move with a human in a warehouse so that he can put the selected items in the special containers that these robots carry. These robots have sensors that help them cross obstacles easily and speed up order preparation.
Warehousing and Automated storage and retrieval systems (AS \ RS)
Automated storage and retrieval systems is one of the systems that Used in warehouse to quickly pick up goods in the right place and pick them up when needed. The system consists of several sections of cranes, vertical lift modules, freight rails, shuttle racks, and so on. Since the entire AS/RS system is connected to a central computer, it works in such a way that the processing process begins immediately after receiving the order. This system is used to move a large volume of cargo from inside to outside and from outside to inside the warehouse and saves staff time and energy.
The benefits of using robots in storage
Whether or not to use artificial intelligence in factories is a matter for which no final agreement has yet been reached. Although some people do not think this is right and believe that it will cause severe unemployment in the future, the statistics obtained from the capabilities of intelligent automation can not ignore this technology. Here are some of the benefits of using robots in storage:
Reduces physical activity and stress
Human-AI partnerships help improve the customer experience and make business processes easier in a variety of industries. Robots can take on dangerous and time-consuming tasks, thus helping to increase the safety of warehouse workers. Robots save workers time for warehousing, packing, counting, etc. and reduce labor difficulty.
Accuracy and productivity Increases inventory
Artificial intelligence helps reduce human error and improves the customer experience, which is the key to the success of any business. Because robots are programmed to do a specific job, they are not likely to malfunction. They also do not get tired and make the most of time.
Reduces warehousing costs
According to research data in the United States, an average warehouseman works about seven weeks a year in a non-productive warehouse. This unproductive work is estimated to have cost the industrial sector $ 4.3 billion, which the presence of robots could significantly reduce.
Robots can also take on dangerous tasks, reducing the risk of damage to workers. The number of workers required per unit will also be reduced, which will save costs overall.
The things mentioned above are just some of the changes that artificial intelligence can make in the world of storage, and this technology will continue to be able to be more useful and effective, we have to wait Stay tuned and see what other wonders the modern world has left for us.
Source: GSMArena >