Guide to observing the last eclipse of 1401; The time of the sun’s manifestation

Tuesday, November 3, 1401, the sun will make a spectacular alignment with the moon and our planet, and in the middle of the day, the solar eclipse in some parts of the planet will be a spectacular guest for observers. It is spectacular.

BingMag.com Guide to observing the last eclipse of 1401; The time of the sun’s manifestation

Tuesday, November 3, 1401, the sun will make a spectacular alignment with the moon and our planet, and in the middle of the day, the solar eclipse in some parts of the planet will be a spectacular guest for observers. It is spectacular.

The solar eclipse of October 25 (November 3), which is the second and last eclipse of 2022, is considered a partial eclipse. This event will be visible from Europe and parts of Asia and Africa, but it is also possible to watch it online. It is called a phenomenon during which the sun's disc is hidden from the observer's view by an intermediate body. For terrestrial observers, this work can only be done by the only moon of the earth, the moon. So when the sun, moon and earth are aligned, the shadow of the moon falls on the earth and an eclipse is formed.

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With the shadow of the moon falling on the earth, depending on the orbital mechanics and the distance and proximity of these three bodies, there is a possibility of total, annular and composite eclipses. In a total solar eclipse, the moon covers the entire disk of the sun, but in an annular eclipse, the disk of the moon appears smaller than the disk of the sun, and therefore a ring of sunlight will be seen around it. In the composite type, the beginning and selection of the path will be circular, but in the center of the path, observers will witness a total solar eclipse.

BingMag.com Guide to observing the last eclipse of 1401; The time of the sun’s manifestation

A graphic diagram of the position of the Sun, Moon and Earth during different types of solar eclipses
Credit: Roen Kelly

But all of these are cases that the shadow of the moon falls on the earth. There are also cases that due to the position of the sun, moon and earth, the shadow of the moon does not fall on the earth and only its half shadow covers the earth. In this case, the total eclipse will not occur in any area of the earth and everyone will witness a partial solar eclipse. In such conditions, the moon's shadow will be close to the north or south pole, and therefore such areas have the highest percentage of partial eclipses.

BingMag.com Guide to observing the last eclipse of 1401; The time of the sun’s manifestation

Nov 3 solar eclipse path
Credit: EclipseWise

In this November 3 partial solar eclipse event, the visible crescent of the sun is visible. The exact time of the eclipse depends on the horizon of each location and observation area, but the eclipse itself and the penumbra falling on the earth, starts at 08:58:20 Universal Coordinated Time (12:28:20 Tehran time) in the Atlantic Ocean and at 13:00 01 Universal Coordinated Time (16:31 Tehran time) ends. It peaked at 11:00:09 UTC (14:30:09 Tehran time).

BingMag.com Guide to observing the last eclipse of 1401; The time of the sun’s manifestation

Eclipse percentage in different regions of the Earth
Credit: NASA

At peak time, this eclipse covered 82% of the Sun's disk And since the moon and the sun are not perfectly aligned with the earth, a solar eclipse will not be complete. Therefore, in the best case and the central point of the eclipse, only a part of the sun's disk will be darkened. This central point is at the North Pole, and few people will be able to see the full extent of the eclipse.

However, weather permitting, millions of sky watchers across Europe and large parts of Africa, the Middle East and Asia will be able to. See the solar eclipse. For observers in these regions, the sun takes different angles depending on how close the observer is to the central path of shadow movement. For the example of Norway and Finland, the percentage will be 63 and 62%, respectively. In Russia, about 80% of the sun's disk is covered by the moon, and in western China, this percentage reaches 70.

The next eclipse for the planet Earth will occur on April 20, 2023 (30 April 1402), which in many It will not be seen from places like Asia, Europe and America, but it will be visible in Western Australia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea. The center of this eclipse is near the island of East Timor, where the sun will be completely eclipsed for about 1 minute and 16 seconds. Tehran time, the border village of Boralan in West Azarbaijan province is the first region in Iran to experience a partial solar eclipse. The maximum amount of eclipse will occur at 15:00:00 in the border village of Talkeghoz in North Khorasan with 69.7% eclipse, and the last and lowest eclipse in Iran will be witnessed in the border village of Pasabandar in Sistan and Baluchistan province with 50.6%. until the penumbra leaves the country at 16:28:03.

BingMag.com Guide to observing the last eclipse of 1401; The time of the sun’s manifestation

Map of solar eclipse percentage on November 3 in different cities of Iran
Credit: Ali Ebrahimi Seraji, Nojum Magazine

In Tehran, the solar eclipse starts at 13:41:02 and ends at 16:08 It ends at 57:57. A slight peak with 64.2 percent occurs at 14:58:15, which is At this time, the height of the sun will be about 24 degrees and it will be in the southwest.

BingMag.com Guide to observing the last eclipse of 1401; The time of the sun’s manifestation

Time table and details of the solar eclipse on November 3 in different cities of Iran
Credit: Ali Ebrahimi Seraji, Nojum Magazine

The next partial solar eclipse will occur in Iran on August 11, 1406, so the solar eclipse 30 Aban 1401 may be one of the few opportunities to observe this phenomenon in the country. But until then, the Moon's shadow will continue to play with the Earth and the Sun in other parts of our planet.

Live Webcast

The TimeandDate website is a live webcast. It will have an internet connection starting at 08:30 UTC (12:00 Tehran time) and will continue until the end of the solar eclipse event. (Ceccano) Italy will start its webcast at 09:00 UTC (12:30 GMT) and the Royal Greenwich Observatory will start its live commentary at 09:05 GMT (12:35 GMT). will present with the presence of professional astronomers.

The right tool for observing the solar eclipse

If you are going to watch the solar eclipse or any other solar event, you should make sure that you have the right equipment and pay attention Be aware that if you don't use proper eye protection, looking at the sun can lead to blindness and other permanent eye damage.

So, in the simplest case, you should look for solar eclipse glasses. These glasses with the "ISO" standard do not transmit more than 0.00032% of sunlight, have no defects such as scratches or bubbles, and can completely cover both eyes.

The safest way to observe a solar eclipse, however, is to use indirect methods such as using a piece of paper with a small hole and casting the eclipse's shadow on another surface.

BingMag.com Guide to observing the last eclipse of 1401; The time of the sun’s manifestation

Indirect observation with the simplest tools
Credit: Pete Lawrence

Also, if you use a camera to capture images, some Companies produce special filters that can be used for professional cameras or smartphones, and without the use of a filter, not only a proper image will not be recorded, but the photography equipment will also be seriously damaged.

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Cover photo: June 10, 2021 partial solar eclipse in Hamburg, Germany
Credit: Kevin Kandlbinder, Usnplash

Sources: Space, Discover, Noj um Magazine

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