The Earth Orbital Station had to escape from the Russian space junk again

To avoid collision with Russian space debris, the space station was again forced to maneuver in Earth orbit.

BingMag.com The Earth Orbital Station had to escape from the Russian space junk again

To avoid collision with Russian space debris, the space station was again forced to maneuver in Earth orbit.

November 15, 2021 ( November 24, 1400) Russia launched a "Nudol" rocket towards one of its old satellites in low earth orbit. According to the plan, this missile hit the "Kosmos 1408" satellite at an altitude of 480 km and divided it into more than 1000 pieces. As other space powers did, American and Russian astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) were placed in emergency mode to be ready for a possible exit from the station if needed. They stayed in the station's shelters for about 6 hours before finally being able to fully return to normal activities.

Following international condemnation of the test, Russian officials claimed that Americans and other officials had overreacted. The Russian Ministry of Defense said in this regard: "The United States knows for sure that the fragments released during the test did not and will not pose any threat to orbital stations, satellites and space activities in terms of orbital parameters."

However, in the year since, there have been several risks of encountering about 1,500 traceable pieces of debris from the destruction of a Russian satellite in orbit. For example, in January, a piece of this group of space debris was only 14 meters away from a Chinese scientific satellite. . Including on Monday evening (Tuesday morning Tehran time) when, according to NASA, the space thrusters were on for more than five minutes to take into account the "extra distance criterion" between the station and the predicted path of space debris.

BingMag.com The Earth Orbital Station had to escape from the Russian space junk again

Russian Nodol A-235 missile that destroyed the Cosmos 1408 satellite.
Credit: Voennoedelo

The interesting point is that these thrusters belonged to a Russian spacecraft "Progress". This spacecraft is docked in the station in such a way that its propulsion can be used to maintain the ISS orbit and only for such maneuvers. Kurdistan will ban direct ascension anti-satellite missile tests. "Through this new commitment and other actions, the United States will demonstrate how space activities can be conducted in a responsible, peaceful and sustainable manner," US Vice President Kamala Harris said in announcing the ban. "Without clear norms, we are facing unnecessary risks in space." to end Since then, Britain, South Korea, Japan, Germany, Canada and New Zealand have also pledged not to conduct such tests. These countries are not only concerned about the protection of assets in low Earth orbit, but also intend to preserve them for future economic development.

In announcing its commitment in early October, Britain said: "Given Given our growing socio-economic and security reliance on space, we believe that destructive testing of direct ascent anti-satellite missiles can definitely be considered irresponsible. Establishing such a process will lead to the creation of behavioral norms in the field of space. Russia and China responded with generally positive comments after the US announcement, but have so far made no commitment to end the practice.

  • Space junk China forced the International Space Station into an emergency maneuver

Cover photo: International Space Station in Earth orbit
Credit: Pyotr Dubrov/Roscosmos/Handout/Reuters>

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