Most observers in the morning of May 27-30 (June 6-9), a great opportunity to see the fascinating comparison of the planets Jupiter and Mars in the sky before sunrise About 45 minutes before sunrise local time, the planets Mars and Jupiter will be 20 degrees (or more) above the horizon in the sky between east and southeast, in the constellation Pisces. (Two fish) appear. This comparison between Mars and Jupiter, regardless of the local weather, will be visible in the pre-dawn hours of each of the 7th to 10th of Khordad, and its peak will occur at 13:27 on the 8th of Khordad.
By Tehran time, the two objects will emerge from the Eastern Horizon at about 3 a.m. and will be visible until sunrise. However, their closest distance occurs at 05:27 . In addition to these two planets, another bright object that rises shortly after them is the planet Venus (Saturn) and the planet Saturn (Saturn) also rose before this set at about 01:00 and along the line of other colored planets. "The comparison of planets has traditionally been more a matter of astrology than serious astronomy, but never observational," said Mitzi Adams, an astronomer and researcher at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. They are not without charm, especially when one of the gas giants is involved in the comparison. "
- June 1401 During such a comparison,
two close planets are seen in Earth's night sky. In the solar
system, comparisons often occur because the Earth's sister planets
move around the Sun in a plane of almost identical ecliptic, and
often appear to collide in our night sky, even though they are
millions of miles apart./p>
comparison of Mars and Jupiter
This time at the closest distance, Mars and Jupiter will be 0.6 degrees apart. Astronomers typically use degrees to measure the angular distance between objects in the night sky. To Earth observers, the distance between the two planets would be no more than a finger's breadth across the eye, and Mars would appear just below the giant gas giant in our solar system.
NASA astronomer Alphonse Sterling and Adams partner at the Marshall Space Center "may need to use binoculars or a telescope to clearly detect Mars." But observers should have no problem identifying the customer, even with the naked eye. We predict that Jupiter will shine at a magnitude of 2.2 and Mars will shine at a magnitude of 0.7.
The brightness of celestial bodies is measured by their magnitude; A number that decreases with increasing brightness. A negative value indicates that the planet or moon (or any other celestial body) is easily visible in the night sky, even in ambient light.
Mars and Jupiter are millions of miles away, and in time By comparison, Mars is more than 219 kilometers from Earth, and Jupiter will be about four times farther away. Nevertheless, the customer will be seen much brighter. Mars, with a planet diameter of about 6779 km, is not visible to the giant Jupiter, which has a diameter of about 139820 km, and due to its much smaller dimensions, reflects much less sunlight.
Mars also has a speed It revolves more and more around the sun, and in our night sky it travels so fast to the east that it leaves behind its gas giant counterpart. But it will reach the customer again and pass through it in another comparison in August 2024 (August 1403).
comparison of Mars and Jupiter
Credit: Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Adams emphasized this spectacular celestial event:" Look It is exciting to look at them and realize that these two worlds represent the breadth of NASA's planned goals and potential for science and exploration. "As NASA prepares to send the first human spacecraft to Mars, the options for groundbreaking scientific discoveries on Jupiter's attractive moons are almost limitless."
"Both promise us incredible days to better understand the solar system, the place of humanity in the universe, and where we might reach it as a species."
To watch this event Amazing sky Before the sun rises, go out on Sunday, June 29, and look east and southeast to see this spectacular companion of the fourth and fifth planets of the solar system. (Mars) and Hormuz (Jupiter)
Credit: Jupiter: NASA, ESA, A. Simon (Goddard Space Flight Center) and M.H. Wong (University of California, Berkeley), Mars: NASA/ESA, J. Bell (Cornell U.) and M. Wolff (SSI)
Sources: SciTechDaily, EarthSky
Source: How To Geek