A critique on the Myers-Briggs test (16 characters) and its problems

The Myers-Briggs personality type test, also known as the 16 personality test or MBTI, is one of the most popular and popular personality tests used by most psychologists in the world. They believe in it. But at the very beginning of the article, we must emphasize that the high percentage of popularity of this test can never confirm its accuracy and accuracy, so as not to criticize it. In this regard, it is interesting to know that there are many psychologists who do not believe in this test or at least have a different view on it, so in this article we will go to this popular topic and answer the question, is the MBTI personality test scientific?

BingMag.com A critique on the Myers-Briggs test (16 characters) and its problems

The Myers-Briggs personality type test, also known as the 16 personality test or MBTI, is one of the most popular and popular personality tests used by most psychologists in the world. They believe in it. But at the very beginning of the article, we must emphasize that the high percentage of popularity of this test can never confirm its accuracy and accuracy, so as not to criticize it. In this regard, it is interesting to know that there are many psychologists who do not believe in this test or at least have a different view on it, so in this article we will go to this popular topic and answer the question, is the MBTI personality test scientific?

What is the reason for people's widespread interest in personality tests?

BingMag.com A critique on the Myers-Briggs test (16 characters) and its problems

Myers-Briggs test, One of the most widely used personality tests in the world was developed in the 1940s by a mother and daughter named Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers (neither of whom were psychologists!) to classify the different ways that people perceive. They find from their environment and behave according to it, it was designed. This test is based on the assumption of four categories of introversion or extroversion, sensory or intuition, judgmental or observational, and logical or emotional. In general, in this test, each person is assigned one of the two characteristics mentioned in each category, as a result of which 16 different personality types that we know well today are created. But in this regard, the question is whether this test correctly and accurately reflects our behavior and decision-making tendencies or not! Currently, it is estimated that 2 million people participate in the MBTI test every year. which shows the popularity of this test among the public. However, as previously mentioned, the popularity of a psychological tool does not necessarily confirm its accuracy and truthfulness! On the other hand, understanding and identifying the reason for people's interest in this test and its practicality in the real sense can be a worthwhile option for research purposes. In general, personality tests are attractive, because by asking questions, it forces people to evaluate, be accurate in their personality traits and characteristics, and confirm self-concepts. It categorizes you into a certain category, which appeals to most people.

In this regard, researchers acknowledge that tests like the MBTI help us organize our perceptions and experiences into a coherent whole, while that other descriptions are scattered and non-comprehensive, we should have complete narratives to describe our personality. It is interesting to note that although the personality profiles in these types of tests are generally generic, most people feel that these descriptions are unique to them. The debate about personal validity is known as the Barnum effect, and it refers to the tendency of people to believe that ambiguous descriptions are designed specifically for them. In general, the existence of this effect confirms people's impressive interest in astrology and fortune-telling.

The Barnum effect is a common psychological phenomenon in which people believe that they are being described by special characteristics. are themselves, but in reality these traits are vague and true for a wide range of people!

Apart from self-assessment, personality tests allow people to be identified with a specific label that encompasses their personality. And this issue strengthens the feeling of being understood and belonging to a special group in them! In fact, we are basically interested in understanding ourselves and others, and in pursuit of this understanding, we often seek to choose special labels that allow us to recognize a person by a word or abbreviation, because if that label is accurate, we will save a lot of time; At the same time, we are certainly more complex than being described by only 16 personality types!

The MBTI test is an unreliable psychological tool!

BingMag.com A critique on the Myers-Briggs test (16 characters) and its problems

Categorizing such a wide range of personalities is quite challenging, so it is not surprising that the MBTI is considered an unreliable psychological tool. In fact, many experts in this field criticize the theory behind it (the personality theories of Dr. Carl Jung) and the rigid dichotomy that tends to oversimplify human personality. For most people, the MBTI personality test is neither accurate nor reliable because it categorizes people's personality into four specific types! divides, while most people usually fall somewhere between these two categories, in fact, this test does not consider any middle ground state (for example, you are either extroverted or introverted in this test and no middle ground is meant)! Also, by slightly changing the scores and providing different answers, they may get completely different results from the first test.

Regarding these things, the researchers admit that MTBI is a category. It is not a reliable personality type, which means it is not scientifically significant! In order to better understand these criticisms, it is interesting to know that during a study on a group of volunteers, more than a third of the people in the group showed four different personality types during a four-week period! Also, other studies show that during a five-week period, about 50% of the people present in the study obtained different types of personality types from the test; Therefore, it can be acknowledged that the MBTI is very unstable over time. Of course, it should be noted that this test can be somewhat stable over time for people who score very high or low in the four categories! But in larger groups of people, the consistency and accuracy of MBTI test types is more the exception than the rule!

The MTBI test is not a reliable option for people with average scores because its consistency and accuracy over Time is not fixed! Of course, this test may be relatively stable for people who have very high or low scores in all four categories.

To date, there have been no reports of a positive impact of the MBTI test on businesses!

BingMag.com A critique on the Myers-Briggs test (16 characters) and its problems

In the early 2000s, practical use of the MBTI test to identify personality types and increase productivity in the workplace It was suggested to improve cooperation between employees and help determine work responsibilities. However, with a review of related and published reports (one in 1993 and another in 2006) more than a decade apart, it can be concluded that there is sufficient evidence to support the usefulness of this test on productivity and increasing cooperation between people. Does not exist. It should be noted that the use of MBTI to select and hire employees or evaluate them may be unjustified due to the lack of empirical evidence to confirm this method. Also, since the results of this test in time intervals As things change, you should expect the evaluations to change too! While employers need stable information about people (at least over a one-year period) to make long-term hiring decisions. In addition to these cases, research conducted in specific job fields shows that knowing the personality type does not provide any prediction of job satisfaction or team development in the future. Today, many corporate businesses around the world, including Iran, use this test to evaluate their applicants and employees.

On the other hand, the Neo test "Big Five Dimensions of Personality" which is based on five important aspects Designed in people's personality, it can be considered as a reliable predictor to measure job performance (especially when the person does not report it!). Of course, it is necessary to emphasize that the effects of this type of tests are still small and we can even admit that it is unlikely that personality assessment alone is sufficient for job evaluations.

Last words

In Finally, it is necessary to emphasize that the personality types presented in the MBTI test are not reliable enough to judge your employees and the people around you. In fact, in general, people may use personality tests for fun, to know and describe themselves better, but the results are not necessarily predictive of success in work and society! Make diseases in humans faster!

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