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Compare RAW and TIFF formats; Which one should we choose for photography?

BingMag.com Compare RAW and TIFF formats; Which one should we choose for photography?

The debate over choosing between RAW and JPEG files is always hot. Which ones are more suitable for photography and what are the benefits of each. But what about RAW or TIFF? Which are more appropriate? This question may not be very common, but it is important to know the answer. To answer this question, we need to compare the RAW and TIFF formats. To this end, in this article, we will examine the features of each of the RAW and TIFF formats and explain what each one is more suitable for. At the end of the article you will find out when and for what purpose to use RAW or TIFF files.

BingMag.com Compare RAW and TIFF formats; Which one should we choose for photography?

TIFF Overview

TIFF stands for Tagged Image File Format. This format is used for uncompressed checkered graphics. In the photography industry, this format is commonly used to store high quality, processed (edited) images.

Most people, even many amateur photographers, are not familiar enough with the TIFF format. Some may even argue that this format is obsolete and should not be used.

On the other hand, professional photographers still believe that the TIFF format is the best format for storing images that have been edited or retouched.

BingMag.com Compare RAW and TIFF formats; Which one should we choose for photography?

Overview of RAW format

Before you start comparing the format RAW and TIFF, we need to get acquainted with RAW format as well. RAW files contain unprocessed data from an image. As an example, RAW format is not used like a movie roll.

Most RAW file formats have proprietary names. This is why you do not see a .RAW extension anywhere. Instead, you may have encountered extensions such as NEF, .NRW, .CR2, .CR3, .ARW, .DNG, or other examples.

All professional and almost all semi-professional cameras are capable of shooting with They have RAW format. Most cameras today support this format. Some smartphones even have the ability to shoot in RAW format. Even if your phone's main camera app does not save RAW photos, you can always do so through other add-ons.

BingMag.com Compare RAW and TIFF formats; Which one should we choose for photography?

Comparing RAW and TIFF Formats for Information and Flexibility in Editing

The image on the left shows a RAW file that has been edited and saved in TIFF format Is. The image on the right shows the same image, but was originally saved in TIFF format and then edited. If you pay a little more attention, you will notice that the highlights in the image on the left still have some details. However, the highlights in the image on the right are cropped and gone.

RAW images are almost always produced by the camera itself. This is because RAW files contain unprocessed information captured by the camera during shooting.

This format gives you the most flexibility when editing an image and preserves the details of shadows and highlights. In fact, no information is discarded in a RAW file, and all the information is at your fingertips to get the result you want.

This is why converting to other formats (such as JPEG or TIFF to RAW does not make sense at all. Because any unprocessed information will be lost when recording JPEG or TIFF files; Therefore, converting to RAW format will no longer be useful and you will not receive any additional data.

Currently, most cameras do not allow you to capture images in TIFF format. But typically, TIFF files have many uses for scanned files. This format is also used to save edited files. Note that TIFF files, like RAW, are uncompressed. But they can not hold as much data as RAW files.

Our recommendation is to use TIFF files when you do not want to compress the image, but you do not need to edit the image anymore. In other words, your only priority is to prevent the image quality from deteriorating. For example, if you want to send a very high quality edited file to your client, it would be a great choice to use this format.

BingMag.com Compare RAW and TIFF formats; Which one should we choose for photography?

Comparing RAW and TIFF Formats in File Size and Size

Since RAW files contain a lot of information, you can probably expect a very large size compared to JPEG files. Have. But it is interesting to know that the size of TIFF files is almost twice that of RAW files.

Are you curious to know the reason for this? RAW files do not store any information about the color of the image and all data is raw. But in files saved in TIFF format, the photos are processed and categorized into three color channels: green, red, and blue.

Comparing RAW and TIFF files, this is actually one of the strengths of files. Known as RAW. Because TIFF files are heavier, they store less data. This is also why direct recording of images in TIFF format is not recommended, as they fill up your camera memory quickly. The large size of these files also slows down image storage, making it a barrier to fast shooting.

Most cameras support JPEG format if you plan to capture processed images. Files saved in this format will be compressed, but their size will be much smaller than TIFF files, even in the best quality.

BingMag.com Compare RAW and TIFF formats; Which one should we choose for photography?

Compare RAW and TIFF Formats for Access, Processing, and Editing

Most image editing or image organizing applications on all operating systems support the TIFF format. This is one of the reasons why using the TIFF format for image sharing is so appealing. On the other hand, they store the image without loss of quality.

On the other hand, support for applications, software, and operating systems is more limited than RAW format. As explained earlier, each camera manufacturer uses a different extension to store their RAW files. In this regard, each of these manufacturers produce and provide specific software for processing their photos. For example, Canon recommends the use of Digital Photo Professional software that can support CRW, CR2 and CR3 formats. Nicon has released the ViewNX software, which it uses to open, review, edit, or share its RAW photos. Sony has also introduced RAW Driver software and Panasonic LUMIX RAW Codec.

If you have multiple cameras and want to have all RAW files with one Edit software, no need to worry. There are several softwares on the market for this purpose and they support most RAW files. The most popular of these are Photoshop and Lightroom. If you are not familiar with the Adobe software series, there are several alternatives available to you, including Luminar AI, Aurora HDR, ACDSee Photo Studio and Capture One. It is also worth noting that Adobe has developed an open patent RAW file known as DNG (Digital Negative). Many cameras, especially smartphones, produce DNG files.

Compare RAW and TIFF formats; Last word

As you can see, RAW and TIFF are two valid formats, but with different purposes and qualities. If you need more flexibility in editing images, RAW files are the best way to save images to the camera. However, sharing RAW files is probably not a good idea and is not well received. Because they are not well visible, people can edit anything with your photo, and the general public does not have enough information to edit and use these files. Typically, IF TIFF files are more recommended when you want to send your files in high quality (for example to a client). As long as you do not intend to re-edit the images, using TIFF files is a great way to prevent any loss of quality. Once you have saved a photo in TIFF format, you can open and save it as many times as you want without loss of quality. Additionally, you can share these files without any worries.

Frequently Asked Questions About TIFF and RAW Files

Is TIFF better than RAW?

There is no file or format that is better than another. Because they just have different uses. If you plan to make heavy edits, it is best to shoot in RAW format. But if you are going to share the final file, it is better to convert it to TIFF.

Do the images lose their quality in TIFF format?

The short answer is No, TIFF does not compress your images and you do not lose quality every time you open and save the file. However, TIFF files are processed; Therefore, unlike a RAW file that holds all the data, all extra and unused information in this format is deleted.

Does the TIFF format hold RAW data?

No. In this format, only processed images are saved and all additional data is deleted. This is why it has less flexibility after processing than a RAW file.

How to convert RAWs to TIFF?

The best way to convert a RAW file is to Open in a photo editing program (for example Photoshop), process your image, then save it as a TIFF file or output it.

How to convert TIFF file to RAW? <//>

There are various software and converters for this, but using them does not work and we do not recommend it. As mentioned earlier, extra data is deleted in TIFF files, so there is no data to convert to RAW format. The main advantage of RAW format is access to unprocessed data.

How to open RAW files?

To work with these files you will need image editing software that supports this file . Some of the most popular options include Adobe Photoshop, Lightroom and RAW Therapee.

We hope this article has helped you to compare RAW and TIFF format to help you choose a better format for your work. Finally, tell us which format do you prefer and what is your reason for choosing it? Do you have any other questions about RAW or TIFF files? Share your comments with us in the comments section!

Source: digital-photography-school

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