China discovered a new mineral on the moon

Chinese scientists have discovered a new mineral on Earth's moon by studying samples collected from the moon by the Chang'e 5 spacecraft.

BingMag.com China discovered a new mineral on the moon

Chinese scientists have discovered a new mineral on Earth's moon by studying samples collected from the moon by the Chang'e 5 spacecraft.

It was December 2020 that the Chinese probe "Chang'e-5" (Chang'e-5) returned to earth with about 1731 grams of lunar rock and soil samples. Now the results of the study conducted on one of these samples has led to the discovery of a new mineral. According to "Dong Baotong" (Dong Baotong), deputy director of the China Atomic Energy Agency (CAEA), this new mineral is "Changyisite- "Way" (Changesite-Y) is called. In this regard, he added: "This discovery is considered one of China's great scientific achievements in the field of space science, and it is a powerful research made possible by inter-industrial and inter-occupational cooperation in the field of aerospace and nuclear."

Changesite -(Y) is a columnar crystal phosphate mineral found in lunar basalt particles. Using complex methods such as X-ray diffraction, researchers from the Beijing Uranium Geological Research Institute identified, analyzed and interpreted a single crystal particle with a radius of about 10 microns from the 140,000 particles of the moon sample, so that they were finally able to confirm its new nature. /p> BingMag.com China discovered a new mineral on the moon

Moon samples under the microscope
Credit: Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology

Now the Chinese New Minerals Nomenclature and Classification Commission (CNMNC) as well as the International Mineralogical Association (IMA) have classified Changesite-(Y) as a new mineral.

This is the sixth new mineral that has been detected by humans on the moon, thus making China the third country to discover minerals on the moon, next to the United States and Russia.

In this discovery Recently, the researchers of several other institutions of China, including the Academy of Sciences of this country, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Natural Resources participated. These collaborations have significant results for increasing human understanding of the process of formation and evolution of the moon, as well as determining the most optimal methods for using its resources.

Cover photo: Crystal structure of a new mineral
Credit: Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology

Sources: Interesting Engineering, CGTN

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