By the end of 2021, NASA has shared some of the best images from the International Space Station's scientific experiments, including research and other work on It's done there, it shows.
Over the past year, several Soyuz spacecraft have taken astronauts to and from the station. An upgraded Dragon cargo spacecraft returns time-sensitive research to scientists on Earth. The astronauts conducted 13 spacewalks, including the installation of new solar panels to boost the station's energy and upgrade the station's power supply. Lettuce and lettuce were harvested as part of plant research that prepared us for deep Space missions, and technologies for Artemis's future missions were tested on the moon. src="https://bingmag.com/picsbody/2112/31/15427-2.jpg" alt="BingMag.com The best scientific photos of the International Space Station in 2021" loading="lazy">
Some of the most interesting photos from the Space Station experiments in 2021 are of astronauts growing and caring for vegetables. As seen in this photo, NASA astronaut Michael Hopkins enjoys the fragrance of a tiny little choy growing on the Space station. The plants were grown for a study called Veggie, which examines Space farming to support astronauts on future missions to the moon or Mars. Hopkins made the first plant transplant in Space during his mission.
- Astronauts ate vegetables grown on the Space Station
Other equipment used on the International Space Station to grow food It is an advanced plant habitat where astronauts first grew hot peppers in 2021. This spectacular masterpiece was the longest plant experiment on the International Space Station, lasting a total of 137 days.
This image shows Hurricane Larry through the station's Cupola window . Pictured below is European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut Matthias Maurer holding a camera inside the station's dome window, where astronauts take pictures of our planet.
The International Space Station crew observation activity is one of the ways in which our planet changes over time. From human-induced changes, such as urban growth and reservoir construction, to dynamic natural events such as hurricanes, floods, and volcanic eruptions, all can be clearly seen from Earth orbit.
Games and Education
Pictured above are NASA astronaut Shannon Walker and Switch Nagoo Soichi Noguchi, astronaut at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), poses for a photo during an informal radio session at the International Space Station (ARISS) with Hisagi junior high school students in Zushi, Japan.
In another photo, "Raja Chari" with Colegio Pumahue school students Chile spoke. The purpose of this program is to arouse students' interest in mathematics and science and to inspire the next generation of explorers. Selected students learn about the station, radio waves, and other topics, and prepare questions before their scheduled call. 15427-10.jpg ">
This image shows a hot flame of nitrogen diluted with propane generated at the Space Station inside an integrated combustion chamber. The flame was formed as part of a "study of cold flames with gases" that aims to better understand flames that burn at very low temperatures. Without buoyancy, soot stays in the flame longer and forms large clusters. During the Crow-2 mission, the researchers achieved the first combustion of cold flames in space. Michael Hopkins packs up the components of the Real-time Protein Crystal Growth (2) test for return and analysis on Earth. This biotechnology study seeks to demonstrate new methods for producing high quality microcrystalline protein crystals and to identify potential targets for drugs to treat diseases on Earth.
One of the big events at the International Space Station this year was the installation of new solar arrays to replace the old solar arrays that now power the station. Provide. Some are 20 years old.
The station's new solar arrays, called iROSA, are smaller than the old arrays but offer more power. The upgrade from old arrays to new arrays began with a series of spacewalks in 2021.
In this image, NASA astronaut Shin Kimbero rolls the Space station's second solar array toward the Port-6 truss structure for installation. With the help of his colleague Thomas Peski from the European Space Agency, it carries. This type of solar array was first tested in 2017 to determine its strength and durability.
International collaboration is important for Station research from around the world. Pictured above are NASA astronaut Kimbero and Russian Space Agency astronaut Oleg Novitskiy unlocking hardware for installation in the Microgravitational Science Globe (MSG) US "Destiny" laboratory module.
In this image below, there is also an astronaut Peski from the European Space Agency and "Akihiko Hoshide" from Japan Hardware Research inside Columbus laboratory module examines biological translocation
biological translocationNASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei works to replace Multi-use Variable-g Platform (MVP) in Kibo Laboratory Module . MVP is a Space biology research platform that can generate up to 2 grams of artificial gravity and accommodate specimens such as fruit flies, flatworms, plants, fish, cells, protein crystals, and more.
Travel around the Station
when Crow-2 leaves on November 8, 2021 (November 17, 1400) When the astronauts on the Crew-2 mission left the station, they performed an initial maneuver and orbited the Earth orbit laboratory to photograph it. This image of the International Space Station was taken from the Endeavor manned spacecraft during the same flight around the station. The Space Station has been a human habitation for 21 years and has been the backbone of many scientific advances. ">
NASA astronauts Victor Glover and Mike Hopkins pause inside the LSG to take pictures while conducting tests for Rodent Research-10. Globboxes like this allow the crew to work on experiments; Without contaminating them or worrying about samples being removed during research.
Delivery of scientific Experiments
Several commercial procurement missions transferred new experiments and scientific equipment to the Earth Orbital Laboratory throughout the year. These include Northrop Gramman's 16th Commercial Procurement Mission above, and the Dragon SpaceX cargo spacecraft in NASA's 23rd Commercial Mission, pictured below.
- scientific experiments arrive at the International Space Station!
Unboxing From a long journey
Cold storage test team, Rotifer-B2 scientific experiment -B2) will open on January 14, 2021 at NASA's Kennedy Space Processing Center in Florida. The experiment was returned to Earth by the SpaceX Twenty-second mission spacecraft to refuel the station.
An interesting update
Another fun Space Station on the International Space Station this year was using Microsoft's HoloLens augmented reality headset to help upgrade the station's Cold Atom Lab, or CAL. This is the first quantum science lab on Earth orbit and hosts experiments that study the fundamental behavior of atoms. NASA astronaut Megan McArthur uses this headset to test whether augmented reality could be a useful way. Used to help astronauts maintain and upgrade the station's hardware.
Approaching the colloids
This photo shows a close-up of the exchange of cell culture media in a chamber containing engineered heart tissue as part of a cardinal heart test at the Space station. This study analyzes how gravity changes affect cardiovascular cells at the cellular and tissue levels.
The results of this experiment could provide a new understanding of heart problems on Earth, help identify new therapies, and develop screening measures. Support for predicting cardiovascular risk before Space flight.
Shin Kimbero is equipped with the Astrobee free-flying robotic assistants inside the Kibo laboratory module. He monitored the free flight of cube-shaped robots while testing automated appointment methods.
Study of Fluid Physics
A close-up of moving red liquid can be seen in Plant Water Management 3 and 4 of the International Space Station. This study demonstrates inactive measures to control fluid delivery and uptake in plant growth systems.
Gravity reduction poses challenges in providing adequate fluid and nutrition for plant growth. This study examines the use of other physical properties to replace the effect of gravity.
Treatment of kidney stones
Megan McArthur removes the" Kidney Cells-02 "hardware from the Automated Bioproduct Laboratory and replaces the elements inside the MSG. This experiment uses a three-dimensional kidney cell model known as a tissue chip to investigate the effects of microgravity on the formation of microcrystals (microcrystals) in the renal tubules. Experimental results could lead to better therapies for conditions such as kidney stones and bone loss for astronauts and osteoporosis for people on Earth.
Sources: Digital Trends, NASA
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