The smallest planet in the solar system finally met a new terrestrial traveler, and during this meeting, the Beklombo spacecraft, which Launched by Europe and Japan, the joint successfully passed by Mercury and was able to capture clear images of the planet's crater craters, including the Rudaki Crater. (BepiColombo) on October 1 (morning 10 October Iran time) made the first close pass by Mercury and during a long flight, captured several images around the innermost planet of the solar system.
European Space Agency These images show the northern hemisphere of Mercury and the dozens of craters that cover its surface. Including a crater that has been the site of several volcanic eruptions in the past. The images also show the spacecraft's antennas and its magnetometer rod. An interesting point in these images is the clear view of the crater and plain, which is named after the Persian-language poet Rudaki.
"European Space Agency" (ESA) and "Aerospace Exploration Agency" Japan (JAXA) launched the Beijing Colombo mission in 2018 to capture images of Mercury to further investigate its origin and evolution.
So far, only two probes have traveled to the planet. "Mariner 10", which passed by Jupiter in 1974 and 1975, and "MESSENGER", which orbited Mercury from 2011 to 2015.
Main details of the northern hemisphere of Mercury from the
point of view of the Bicolombo spacecraft in the first close
This week, BipiColombo passes close to Mercury, the first of six planned transits of the two spacecraft, during which the spacecraft passed 200 km above the planet's surface. "The flight from the point of view of the Bicolombo spacecraft was flawless and it is unbelievable that we were finally able to see the target planet," said Elsa Montagnon, operations director for the Bicolombo spacecraft at the European Space Agency. "It was very exciting to see the first pictures of Mercury and the result of what we did," said David Rothery, head of the European Space Agency's Mercury Surface and Composition Working Group. "I became even more eager to study high-quality scientific data as spacecraft orbited Mercury, because this is a planet we do not yet fully understand."
The next flight from Mercury will take place in June 2022, and four more are scheduled for June 2023, September 2024, December 2024, and January 2025.
If all goes according to plan. Going forward, Biplombo will eventually slow down to the point where it will eventually enter Mercury orbit by the end of 2025 (late 1404 solar year). The two main orbiters then begin their scientific mission to map the surface of Mercury and study its surface processes, compositions, and magnetic field.
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Cover Photo: Image taken during the first passage of the
BipiColombo spacecraft past Mercury