Amasya supercontinent will be formed in another 300 million years

New research suggests that the world's next supercontinent, Amasia, will likely form when the Pacific Ocean closes in the next 200 to 300 million years and the current continents join together, it will form.

BingMag.com Amasya supercontinent will be formed in another 300 million years

New research suggests that the world's next supercontinent, Amasia, will likely form when the Pacific Ocean closes in the next 200 to 300 million years and the current continents join together, it will form.

A research team led by Curtin University used a supercomputer to simulate the way a supercontinent formed. They found that because the Earth has been cooling for billions of years, the thickness and strength of the plates under the oceans has decreased over time.

Thus, the creation of the next supercontinent due to the closure of young oceans such as the Atlantic or Indian The plates below them are stronger, it is difficult. The Pacific Ocean, but with a longer life, is a more serious option to close and create a supercontinent.

The results of these studies have just been published in the National Science Review. According to Chuan Huang of Curtin University's Earth Dynamics Research Group, the new findings are significant and provide insight into what will happen to Earth in the next 200 million years.

During For the past two billion years, Earth's continents have collided and formed a supercontinent every 600 million years, known as the supercontinent cycle. This means that the current continents will be reunited within the next few hundred million years. /li>

The new supercontinent of the future has already been named "Amasia" because some believe that the Pacific Ocean, unlike the Atlantic and Indian Oceans that expand, will be formed by the collision of the American continent with the Asian continent. will be closed It is expected that Australia will also play a role in this important Earth event, so that it will hit Asia first and connect America and Asia after the closing of the Pacific Ocean.

Dr. Huang about the achievement He said about these results: "By simulating the evolution of the Earth's tectonic plates with the help of a supercomputer, we have shown that in less than 300 million years, the Pacific Ocean will probably close and allow the formation of Amasia." Which is consistent with some previous scientific theories.

The Pacific Ocean is what is left of the Panthalassa superocean, which formed 700 million years ago when the previous supercontinent began to form. It was decomposed, it was formed. It is the oldest ocean we have on Earth and has shrunk from its maximum size since the time of the dinosaurs.

Currently, the size of the Pacific Ocean is shrinking by a few centimeters per year, and it is predicted that the Pacific Ocean will close by The current dimensions, which are about 10,000 kilometers, will take two to three hundred million years.

According to Professor "Zheng-Xiang Li" (Zheng-Xiang Li), the co-author of this study from the University's Faculty of Earth and Planetary Sciences. Curtin, placing the entire planet under the dominance of a continental mass would dramatically change the Earth's biome and environment. He noted: "Earth as we know it will be very different after the formation of Amasia. Sea levels are expected to be lower, and the vast interior of the supercontinent is expected to be very dry with a high diurnal temperature range. It's fascinating to imagine what the universe will look like in the next 200 to 300 million years.

Cover photo: A graphic representation of the future supercontinent Amasya
Credit: Curtin University

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