The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics went to quantum mechanics scientists

Three scientists jointly won the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics for their groundbreaking discoveries in quantum information science.

BingMag.com The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics went to quantum mechanics scientists

Three scientists jointly won the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics for their groundbreaking discoveries in quantum information science.

The names of Nobel Physics 2022 winners include "Alain Aspect", "John F. Clauser" (John F. Clauser) and "Anton Zeilinger" (Anton Zeilinger) was announced by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences today, Tuesday, October 4 (October 12).

The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics for conducting groundbreaking experiments They were chosen by using entangled quantum states, where two photons act as a single unit even when separated. Their results have opened the way for a new technology based on quantum information. According to these scientists, these experiments were purely philosophical at the time of the beginning without any possible application, but since then they have been the basis of many Researches have been done in this field. Specifically, the work of these three winners has contributed to new applications of the principles of quantum mechanics, including quantum computers, quantum networks and secure quantum encrypted communications.

Anders Irbck, chairman of the Nobel Physics Committee on "A new type of quantum technology is increasingly emerging, and the work done by the laureates on entangled states is of great importance, even beyond fundamental questions about the interpretation of quantum mechanics," said the selection.

BingMag.com The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics went to quantum mechanics scientists

The Nobel Physics Committee and the introduction of the winners
Credit: Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP

Eva Olsson, a member of the Nobel committee, also mentioned about quantum computing: "Quantum information science is a dynamic and rapidly developing field of research. which has broad and potential implications in areas such as secure information transmission, quantum computing, and measurement technology.

He added: Its origin can be traced to quantum mechanics. The predictions of this field have opened doors to another world, and have also shaken the foundations of the way measurements are interpreted.

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According to the Nobel committee, 79-year-old Klauser first put quantum theories to a practical test in the 1960s. The 75-year-old Espeh was able to fix a flaw in these theories, and Zeilinger also showed that a phenomenon called "Quantum Teleportation" or quantum teleportation effectively enables the transmission of information over long distances.

<"Using entanglement, you can transfer all the information carried by an object to another place where the object is so-called reconstructed," Zeilinger said in this context. But this work is only possible for small particles."

BingMag.com The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics went to quantum mechanics scientists

Alan Espe (Spect) in 1947 Agen was born in France. He received his doctorate in 1983 from the University of Paris-Sud-Orsay, France, and currently serves as a professor at the University of Paris-Saclay and Ecole Polytechnique, France.

John F. Klauser was born in 1942 in Pasadena, California. Came. He received his doctorate from Columbia University in 1969 and works in his scientific institute and his colleagues (J.F. Clauser & Associates) in Walnut Creek, California. He also worked at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and University of California, Berkeley from 1969 to 1996. Anton Zeilinger was born in 1945 in Ried im Inkrais, Austria. He received his doctorate from the University of Vienna in 1971 and is currently a professor at the same university.

This is not the first time that Specht, Klauser and Zeilinger jointly received a prestigious award for their research in quantum physics. They bring. In 2010, they were also announced as the winners of the "Wolf" prize in physics.

Alfred Nobel, the Swedish scientist and inventor of dynamite, in 1895 stated in his will that most of his property was used to create five The prize is allocated in the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology/medicine, literature and peace to be awarded to those who have brought the most benefit to humanity during the past year.

The first Nobel Prize in the year It was granted in 1901. The sixth Nobel Prize, which is not actually Nobel, was established in 1968. This "Sveriges Riksbank" prize in economic sciences is given in memory of Alfred Nobel. In 2020, the Nobel Foundation's Board of Directors increased the amount of the Nobel Prize to 10 million kroner (now about $900,000) for each category.

BingMag.com The 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics went to quantum mechanics scientists

Physics is the first prize mentioned in Alfred Nobel's will and shows the importance he attached to this science. Until 2021, the Nobel Prize in Physics will be awarded 115 times 219 Nobel Prize winners have been awarded. John Bardeen won this award twice in 1956 and 1972. He is the only person who has won such a title, and thus a total of 218 people have received the Nobel Prize in Physics.

Last year, the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics went to three men. Half of it was jointly awarded to Princeton University's Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann, a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Germany, for physical modeling of Earth's climate, quantification of variability and reliable prediction of global warming.

The other half of the prize was awarded to Giorgio Parisi from Sapienza University of Rome for discovering the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scale.

After two years when the ceremony was held virtually due to the Corona epidemic, this year the winners have been asked to receive their Nobel medals and diplomas in Stockholm on December 10, and this event includes Nobel winners in the past two years. It will be too.

Cover photo: 2022 Nobel Physics winners
Credit: Nobel Committee

Sources: Forbes, Phys.Org

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