- Severe headache that becomes unbearable within seconds to minutes
- headache that starts with a change in position or changes in severity
- headache that starts with coughing or sneezing
- headache that never goes away
- headache that occurs after age 50
- headache associated with symptoms such as fever, chills, night sweats, and unwanted weight loss. headache occurs
- headache associated with neurological symptoms such as vision change, speech and numbness, or weakness on one side of the body
- headache associated with redness and pain in the eyes
In addition, you should call the emergency number (115) immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms. It is recommended that you do not go to the emergency room yourself in the following situations: Severe headache and history of immunosuppression due to diseases such as HIV or cancer
Cause of headache in adults
Here are some reasons why you should seek medical attention or go to the emergency room to treat your headache.
If you sweat too much, your body loses a lot of water and salt and you experience heat exhaustion, the symptoms of which are:
- Increased Body temperature
- Decreased urine volume
- Severe sweating
If your body cools down within 30 minutes, you will not have a serious problem. But otherwise, heat exhaustion turns into heatstroke, which is a medical emergency. Heatstroke occurs When the body is no longer able to regulate its temperature. In the event of heatstroke, the body temperature rises rapidly within 10 to 15 minutes, which can be fatal if left untreated. Symptoms of hot flashes include:
- Mental state change
- Hot and dry skin
- Excessive sweating
- Extremely high body temperature
- Go to a cool place.
- Lie down and raise your legs slightly.
- Lots of water Drink.
- Confusion and inaudible speech
If you notice symptoms of heatstroke in a person, call 115 immediately get. Then take her to a shade or a cool place and take off her clothes. If you find yourself suffering from heat exhaustion:
The skin should be cooled using a water spray or a damp sponge to relieve both heat exhaustion and heatstroke. You can also use a fan or fan for better air circulation and a cooler environment. Putting ice or a cold, damp cloth on your head, armpits, or groin can also help keep your body cool.
A brain tumor occurs When abnormal cells in the brain grow and divide. Because the skull does not allow significant brain expansion, the presence of a tumor can cause headaches. In addition to headaches, the most common symptoms of a brain tumor in people who go to the emergency room are: nausea nausea vomiting dizziness or falling
Depending on the location of the tumor, patients may have specific and different symptoms Try.
Treatment depends on the location of the tumor and whether or not it has spread. The tumor is either surgically removed or reduced with radiation and chemotherapy.
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Carbon monoxide poisoning is a colorless, colorless gas that occurs When you burn fuel in a car, stove, barbecue, fireplace, stove, etc. Evidence shows that thousands of people are exposed to monoxide every year Carbon goes to the emergency room.
The body's cells absorb more carbon monoxide than oxygen in the bloodstream. As a result, carbon monoxide molecules can replace oxygen, which can eventually lead to suffocation and death. Other symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and nausea and/or vomiting. Chest pain Some people who are asleep or have consumed alcohol may not notice any symptoms. This increases the risk of death from exposure to carbon monoxide. Treatment After exposure to carbon monoxide, you should breathe fresh air as soon as possible and call 115. Call. The doctor treats carbon monoxide poisoning with oxygen and a drug called methylene blue, which is given intravenously (IV).
4. Carotid artery dissection About 68% of people with carotid
artery dissection experience headaches. they experience. This
complication occurs When the lining of the wall of the
carotid arteries, which are responsible for supplying blood to the
brain, ruptures. As a result, blood seeps through the layers of the
artery and accumulates.
If carotid artery dissection is the cause of the headache, pain is usually felt on one side of the head. These patients may also show other symptoms such as neck pain, slurred speech, and slight drooping of one eye. Carotid artery dissection can lead to stroke, brain injury, and death. Treatment Treatment depends on the patient's symptoms and the location of the carotid artery rupture and includes the following options:>
- Taking blood thinners
5. Traumatic Stroke
Traumatic brain injury is a brain injury caused by a blow to the head. This impact affects the position of the brain in the skull and leads to damage to brain cells. If left untreated, concussions can lead to brain damage, seizures and death. Headaches and neck pain are common symptoms of a concussion. Other symptoms include nausea or vomiting. Ringing in the ears. Dizziness. Fatigue.
Treatment involves resting and limiting physical activity. Treating the symptoms of the disease is also very vital. For example, your doctor should treat your headache, and your psychiatrist should address any feelings of depression or anxiety. If the patient has a hematoma (blood clot outside the blood vessels), he or she may need surgery.
Infection of the outer layers of the brain is called meningitis, which can be caused by an infection in the inner ear, sinuses, or other parts of the body. Left untreated, meningitis can lead to sepsis, which is a severe infection that can cause organ failure. In addition to headaches, meningitis has other symptoms, including: fever, neck stiffness, nausea, vomiting
Doctors usually treat meningitis with antibiotics.
Hypertensive crisis occurs When systolic blood pressure exceeds 180 mm Hg Or diastolic blood pressure rises above 120 mm Hg. If left untreated, it can lead to serious and dangerous problems such as stroke, heart attack or pneumonia. headache is one of the most common symptoms experienced by people with high blood pressure. Other symptoms include shortness of breath, nosebleeds, and severe anxiety. Treatment The doctor may hospitalize a person with high blood pressure. Drugs such as beta-blockers, thiazide diuretics, angiotensin receptor blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzymes are used to treat this condition. Stroke is sometimes the cause of a stroke headache, which can occur in both ischemic and hemorrhagic forms. Ischemic stroke occurs When a blood clot blocks the arteries in the brain, but a hemorrhagic stroke occurs due to bleeding in the brain.
If a doctor cannot treat a stroke quickly, the person may have Become disabled or die. Therefore, this disease requires immediate medical attention. Other signs of a stroke include:
- drooping face
- feeling weak on one side of the body
- numbness on one side of the body
- Speech Disorder
Treatment depends on the type of stroke. Medication is commonly used to remove clots and surgery to repair damaged blood vessels.
Cause of headache during pregnancy
Pregnant women should not ignore the headache. Because it is possible It indicates a serious illness and affects the health of the mother or fetus. These diseases are:
1. Preeclampsia Preeclampsia is a condition that occurs after
the 20th week of pregnancy and raises blood pressure above 140/90
mm Hg. In addition it causes the body to swell and excrete protein
in the urine. Preeclampsia can lead to helper syndrome or HELLP
syndrome, or it can turn into eclampsia, which is a
dangerous condition. In addition to headache, preeclampsia
causes the following symptoms:
- High blood pressure
- Changed vision
- Pain in the upper abdomen
If the patient is 37 weeks pregnant or later, your doctor may recommend delivery Slowly In other cases, bed rest, blood pressure treatment, and medication are recommended to speed up fetal lung growth and aid in preterm labor.
Eclampsia is a severe form of hypertension during pregnancy that can cause seizures or coma. This disease is dangerous for both mother and fetus and may lead to HELLP syndrome. In addition to headaches, eclampsia has other symptoms that include the following:
- High blood pressure
- Sensitivity to light
In order to prevent fatal complications, prompt intervention it is needed. For example, injections of magnesium sulfate prevent seizures and are prescribed to lower blood pressure. The doctor may also do his or her best to deliver the baby.
If spinal or epidural anesthesia is used to control labor pain, the mother may experience severe postpartum headaches that This is called post-spinal anesthesia (PDPH). In most cases, this type of headache can be relieved by consuming caffeine, resting, and taking painkillers.
Cause of headache in children
Children may also experience severe headaches that Indicates a medical emergency. These diseases are:
Stroke in infants and toddlers can cause different symptoms than in adults. When children have a concussion, they refuse to breastfeed or eat in addition to the headache, or are constantly crying.
Children and adolescents under the age of 16 should not be given aspirin to treat headaches. Because it causes a condition called reye's syndrome and increases the risk of bleeding.
Symptoms of meningitis in infants and toddlers include headache, inactivity, irritability, difficulty eating, vomiting, and a soft spot on the head.
Diagnosis of the cause of the headache
The doctor must first determine if the headache is primary or secondary. Primary headache is not a sign of another disease, but secondary headache is due to an underlying disease. Keeping track of When a headache occurs and other accompanying symptoms can help determine the triggers for the initial headache (such as food or physical activity). The onset of pain begs the question. Using the following methods can also help your doctor determine the cause of your headache:
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), a blood test that shows inflammation
- MRI (MRI)
- CT CT scan
- Digital subtraction angiography, which uses x-rays and iodine to examine the blood vessels in the brain
- Spinal cord (spinal tap), which can detect infection or bleeding in the brain. , But it is likely to be associated with a serious illness and emergency situation. If you are not sure if your headache is serious or dangerous, be sure to see your doctor as soon as possible. By examining your condition, your doctor can determine the cause of the headache and recommend appropriate treatment for it. This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .