What is the sign of blood in stool and how is this condition treated?

The presence of blood in the stool indicates bleeding in the digestive system, that is, bleeding in an organ that consists of different parts such as the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. . This can be very worrying because you've probably heard that it could be a sign of cancer. But fortunately, in most cases, it is related to diseases that are not so serious.

BingMag.com What is the sign of blood in stool and how is this condition treated?

The presence of blood in the stool indicates bleeding in the digestive system, that is, bleeding in an organ that consists of different parts such as the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. . This can be very worrying because you've probably heard that it could be a sign of cancer. But fortunately, in most cases, it is related to diseases that are not so serious.

Seeing blood in the stool is a common problem that many people face during their lives. For this reason, we have dedicated today's article of BingMag to investigating the reasons for its occurrence. Stay with us.

The cause of blood in stool

Blood stool can have several reasons, including:

Hemorrhoids (hemorrhoids)

Hemorrhoid, which is characterized by the swelling of vessels inside the anus, is the most common cause of bleeding from the anus. Approximately one out of every 20 people has hemorrhoids, and the probability of getting it increases with age. It is bright red. Other symptoms of this disease include itching and pain in the anus, however, some people may not know they have it until they start bleeding. Sometimes, anal pain is caused by a blood clot in the blood vessels. This type of hemorrhoid is called a thrombosed hemorrhoid.

Anal fissure (anal fissure)

Anal fissure, which is sometimes called an anal ulcer, is caused by small scratches and tears in the lining. Anal mucositis is usually caused by the following factors:

  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Chronic diarrhea or constipation
  • Anal intercourse
  • Childbirth

In addition to bleeding, you may also experience:

  • Pain during or after a bowel movement. It
  • Anal spasm
  • Itching
  • A small lump on the skin

Inflammatory bowel disease

  • diarrhea
  • abdominal pain or cramps
  • bloating
  • desire to defecate, when not needed
  • weight loss
  • anemia

colon cancer

BingMag.com What is the sign of blood in stool and how is this condition treated?

In most cases, colon cancer is associated with polyps. Polyps, which grow as small, non-cancerous tumors in the intestinal wall, may turn into cancer over time. Colon cancer has other symptoms besides bleeding, which include:

  • Change in bowel movements
  • Very thin and pencil-like stools
  • Pain. or abdominal discomfort
  • Unwanted weight loss
  • Fatigue

Infection

Other causes of blood in stool include infection which may appear as bloody diarrhea due to contamination with bacteria or parasites. In addition to bloody diarrhea, the infection may be accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Other reasons for seeing blood in stool

Other possible causes of this complication can be mentioned as follows:

  • Colitis ( inflammation of the colon)
  • constipation
  • diverticulitis
  • gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining)
  • proctitis (inflammation of the rectum or rectum)
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If you have the following diseases, you may experience both blood in the stool and vomit blood:

  • Gastric ulcer
  • Ulcer of the duodenum or duodenum (the first part of the small intestine)
  • Esophageal varices
  • Mallory Weiss or rupture of the lower part of the esophagus due to severe coughing or vomiting

Gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer are caused by the following factors:

  • Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Helicobacter pylori infection
  • Drinking alcohol

In patients with gastrointestinal ulcers, the feces may appear tarry and black or bleed in the form of The blood should be bright red.

Esophageal varices is the swelling of the blood vessels of the esophagus, which is seen in people with severe liver disease and may be associated with bleeding due to the rupture of these vessels. Usually, this disease occurs due to excessive consumption of alcohol, and because it is dangerous, it needs emergency treatment. People with esophageal varices may experience bloody vomiting as well as black, tarry diarrhea. There is also a possibility of seeing bright red blood from the rectum.

Reasons for seeing blood when using toilet paper

BingMag.com What is the sign of blood in stool and how is this condition treated?

Observation of blood when using toilet paper is usually associated with hemorrhoids and anal fissures, and is a sign of bleeding from the lower digestive tract (i.e. right intestine and anus). This blood can be seen on the toilet paper in a bright red color.

Blood from other parts of the digestive system is most likely dark red or even black. This blood may be mixed with feces and not visible on the toilet paper.

How to diagnose the cause of the disease

Based on your symptoms and medical history, the doctor will determine what tests and examinations to perform. you need Among these diagnostic methods, rectal examination and fecal occult blood test can be mentioned. A rectal exam is a physical examination performed by a doctor, and an occult blood test requires a stool sample.

A blood test that includes a complete blood cell count can help diagnose anemia, inflammation, or infection. Anemia causes a decrease in hemoglobin, while inflammation and infection are associated with an increase in the number of white blood cells. A stool culture test is also used to check for infection and determine the severity of the disease.

Imaging methods, such as a CT scan, can show the source of bleeding. In addition, the doctor may check different parts of the digestive tract for blockages or abnormal tissues using the following methods:

  • Colonoscopy: During a colonoscopy, A long tube with a camera is inserted into the anus to examine the colon.
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy: This diagnostic procedure is similar to a colonoscopy, but only examines the lower part of the colon.
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  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD): In this procedure, a doctor inserts a long tube with a camera attached down your throat to examine the esophagus, stomach, and upper part of the small intestine. .
  • Enteroscopy: The doctor inserts a long tube with a camera into your anus or mouth. One or two balloons are connected to this tube, and by inflating them, the doctor can have a better view of different parts of the digestive system.

Another way to find bleeding points is to use a small The radioactive metal technetium is injected into your blood and your digestive system is photographed using a gamma camera. /p>

Hemorrhoids Treatment

BingMag.com What is the sign of blood in stool and how is this condition treated?

Lifestyle changes can help to treat hemorrhoids and even prevent them. he does. Using over-the-counter (OTC) ointments and hydrocortisone suppositories can also be helpful.

Hemorrhoids may protrude from the anus due to constipation or straining during bowel movements. Washing with warm water after defecation helps to make it smaller. Sometimes it is necessary for the doctor to use surgery to remove hemorrhoids or reduce its size.

Considering that prevention is always better than treatment, you can minimize the possibility of hemorrhoids by following the following tips. :

  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day.
  • To prevent constipation, add foods containing fiber to your diet.
  • From Use soft or wet toilet paper to clean yourself so that the skin is less irritated.
  • Whenever you feel the need to defecate, go to the bathroom and do not delay it.
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  • Don't strain yourself while having a bowel movement, as this will make hemorrhoids worse.

Treatment of anal fissures

Anal fissures are usually treated with home remedies and even It improves without treatment. To treat this disease, remember the following tips:

  • Drink more fluids and eat more fiber.
  • If dietary changes do not work, try fiber supplements.
  • To increase the blood flow in the anal area and relax its muscles, use a sitz bath.
  • Use local painkillers such as lidocaine to reduce your symptoms.
  • Use over-the-counter laxatives to stimulate bowel movements.

If your symptoms don't improve after two weeks, see your doctor to start appropriate treatment.

Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease

In most cases, inflammatory bowel disease does not have a definitive treatment, but its symptoms can be controlled with the help of the following drugs:

  • Drugs Anti-inflammatory to improve the condition of the digestive system
  • Immunosuppressive drugs to prevent the immune system from attacking body tissues
  • Biological drugs to prevent inflammation caused by certain proteins

Modifying the diet is also effective in controlling the symptoms of the disease, as there are a number of them People find that certain foods contribute to flare-ups of their symptoms.

If severe inflammatory bowel disease symptoms are not controlled with medication, the doctor may recommend surgery to remove the affected parts of the colon.

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In general, inflammatory bowel disease requires careful care and monitoring. Following a nutrient-rich diet, regular exercise, and working with a gastroenterologist can prevent the disease from progressing or recurring.

Colon Cancer Treatment

BingMag.com What is the sign of blood in stool and how is this condition treated?

If If you think you have colon cancer, talk to your doctor. In case of cancer, the doctor can determine the stage of the disease or its progress and suggest the appropriate treatment. The earlier the cancer treatment starts, the higher the chance of success.

Usually a biopsy (sampling) is used to diagnose colon cancer. Imaging is then done so the doctor can see the extent of the disease before planning surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation.

Treatment for infection

If blood in the stool is associated with infection Increase oral fluid intake. In case of severe dehydration, intravenous fluids or serum are used instead of oral fluids. Depending on the severity of the bacterial infection, antibiotics may be needed to recover faster. Antiparasitic drugs also help treat parasitic infections.

When to see a doctor

If you experience the following symptoms, be sure to see a doctor for further investigation:

  • Pain that gets worse or does not improve over time.
  • Observation of blood that is thick or dark in color.
  • Black, sticky stools that indicate digested blood.
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  • Symptoms that do not go away within two weeks.

If the bleeding is heavy or you feel dizzy, weak, or confused, go to the emergency room immediately.

Conclusion

In most cases, the observation of blood in the stool is not worrisome. However, since it may be associated with serious diseases such as colon cancer, you should see a doctor to determine the exact cause. If the amount of bleeding is large or if you experience other symptoms such as dizziness and weakness in addition to bleeding, go to the emergency room.

This article is only for education and information. Before using the recommendations of this article, be sure to consult a specialist doctor. For more information, read BingMag Disclaimer.

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