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What is a pregnancy test and when is it best to do it?

BingMag.com What is a pregnancy test and when is it best to do it?

Pregnancy test, as the name implies, lets you know if you are pregnant or not. Many women experience stress and anxiety when deciding when to use the test and how to do it. In some cases, a person's desire to become pregnant and sometimes her unwillingness to become pregnant play a role in causing this stress. In either case, you may be worried and in a hurry to get a pregnancy test as soon as possible and find out the result.

It doesn't matter what your goal is in having a pregnancy test. In any case, you need to choose the right time to do this to reach an accurate result. Due to the importance of this topic, we have dedicated this article from BingMag to introducing different types of pregnancy tests and how to do them.

  • 10 Common Misconceptions About Pregnancy Care

How a pregnancy test works

A pregnancy test is used to detect human placental gonadotropin (hCG) in the blood or urine. This hormone is one of the first things produced during pregnancy. About 6 days after fertilization, when the fertilized egg is placed in the uterus, the body begins to make hCG. Early in pregnancy, hCG levels increase rapidly, doubling every two to three days.

Types of Pregnancy Tests

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Pregnancy test is performed using blood or urine:

1. Blood test

A blood test performed by a laboratory is not as useful as a urine test to confirm pregnancy. Because it is expensive and the results obtained from it are no different from the results of urine tests. A blood test can detect pregnancy earlier than a home pregnancy test, about 6 to 8 days after ovulation. It takes longer to get a blood test result than a home test. There are two types of blood tests:

  • hCG quality test: This test only detects the presence of hCG and shows if you are pregnant. Your doctor will usually use this test to confirm you are pregnant within the first 10 days after fertilization. He measured and even realized very small amounts of it. This test is used to check for problems during pregnancy, including ectopic pregnancy (implantation of an fertilized egg outside the uterus) and abortion (when hCG levels drop rapidly).

2. Urine test

Urine test can be done at home or in the lab. A home pregnancy test is the most common test used to diagnose hCG. These tests claim to be 99% accurate if the instructions for use are followed exactly. However, you should consult your doctor about the results. There are three ways you can use home pregnancy tests:

  • When urinating, place the test kit in the direction of your urine flow.
  • Your urine Put the urine in a container and put the test kit in it.
  • Collect the urine in a container and transfer a small amount of it to the designated hole with a dropper.

The use of home tests has the following advantages compared to a direct visit to the doctor:

  • They are cheap.
  • Approximately quickly from pregnancy or non-pregnancy You will find out for yourself.
  • The instructions are easy to use.

Your doctor will perform a home test or test to determine the result of a home test. conforms that. In addition, it will talk to you about the next steps you can take to ensure the health of yourself and your baby.

Pregnancy test results

BingMag.com What is a pregnancy test and when is it best to do it?

The accuracy of the home pregnancy test depends on the following factors:

  • The amount of compliance with the instructions on how to use the test
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  • Ovulation time and implantation time of the fertilized egg in the uterus
  • The interval between pregnancy and the time of the test
  • Sensitivity of the pregnancy test

If you use a pregnancy kit in the early morning, You will probably get a more accurate result. Of course, you can do this in the middle of the day or even at night, but the chances of getting a false negative result increase. This is especially true if you have not had a long period of delay or if your urine has become thin due to fluid intake.

If your period and menstrual cycle are irregular, you have not had the longest cycle Do not experiment. For example, if your menstrual cycle varies between 30 and 36 days, the best time to have a test is day 37 or later.

Symptoms such as breast tenderness, frequent urination, mild spotting, fatigue Sensitivity to odor, metallic taste in the mouth, headache, mood swings, and mild morning sickness are some of the symptoms of pregnancy. However, observing these symptoms does not mean that you are pregnant and must be confirmed by entering a pregnancy test.

  • Frequent urination during pregnancy; Symptoms, causes and control

False positive result and false negative

BingMag.com What is a pregnancy test and when is it best to do it?

The result of a pregnancy test is determined by a change in color, bold or faded lines, or a "+" or "-" sign. Digital tests show the result by displaying the words "pregnant" or "non-pregnant". A positive result means you are pregnant and a negative result means you are not pregnant. You may get a false positive when using a home test for a variety of reasons:

False positive result

False positive result means you are not pregnant, but a positive pregnancy test result Is. This problem can be caused by the following:

  • Contamination of the urine collection container
  • Damage to the pregnancy kit or use of expired kits
  • Blood in the urine
  • Presence of protein in the urine (usually caused by kidney damage)
  • Use of certain medications, including anticonvulsants, diuretics, or sedatives
  • Recent childbirth or miscarriage
  • Ovarian tumor

If you are being treated for infertility, be aware that this may have a positive effect False lead. This is because a pregnancy test may detect the remnants of fertility drugs such as Ovidrel, Pregnyl or Novarel. Not to confirm it. Possible causes of this problem are:

  • The test has expired
  • You have not followed the instructions for using the home test very well
  • Have you had a pregnancy test early?
  • Your urine has become very thin due to fluid intake
  • You are taking certain medications such as diuretics or antihistamines
  • 19 Ways to Regulate Menstruation; Does an irregular period cause infertility?

Necessary measures after using a pregnancy test

BingMag.com What is a pregnancy test and when is it best to do it?

In the following cases, you should consult your doctor after taking a pregnancy test:

Concerned about the test result

If the home pregnancy test is positive , Or you have repeated the test several times and each time you reach a different result, it is time to see a doctor. Your doctor will use a lab test or an ultrasound to confirm the results of a home test. The sooner your pregnancy is confirmed, the sooner you will receive special care during this period. do. If you have a home pregnancy test immediately after fertilization, you are more likely to get a wrong result. If the test result is negative despite the delayed period, do not worry. There are several reasons for delayed periods:

  • Stress
  • Breastfeeding
  • High weight loss
  • Diet change Diet or exercise program
  • Obesity
  • Use of certain medications
  • Menopause

Thyroid diseases Or the ovaries can play a role in delaying menstruation. Talk to your doctor to find out the cause of this problem.

  • 13 Incredible Benefits of Watermelon During Pregnancy

Final Word

This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .

Sources: webmd, webmd

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