What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, frightening, or dangerous event.

BingMag.com What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, frightening, or dangerous event.

It is normal to feel fear during and after a traumatic situation. Fear causes many changes in the body within seconds to help defend against or avoid danger. This "fight or flight" response is a normal reaction that will act to protect the person from harm. Almost everyone experiences a range of reactions after trauma, however most people recover naturally from the initial symptoms. People with PTSD may still experience stress or fear even if they are not in a real danger situation.

What are the signs and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder?

While most We and not all traumatized individuals experience short-term symptoms, the majority do not develop persistent (chronic) PTSD. Not all people with PTSD have experienced a dangerous event. Certain experiences, such as the sudden and unexpected death of a loved one, can also cause PTSD. Symptoms usually start early, within 3 months after the traumatic event, but sometimes people may experience it years later. Symptoms must last more than a month and be severe enough to interfere with a person's relationships or work to be considered PTSD. The course of the disease is not the same for everyone. Some people recover within 6 months, while others have symptoms that take much longer and become chronic.

A doctor who has experience helping people with mental illnesses, such as a psychiatrist. or psychologist, can diagnose PTSD.

To be diagnosed with PTSD, an adult must have all of the following for at least one month:

  • at least Experiencing one of the symptoms
  • at least one avoidance symptom
  • at least two arousal and reactivity symptoms
  • at least two cognitive and mood symptoms

Signs of re-experience are:

  • Reviewing past memories (flashback); Repetition of the trauma, including physical symptoms such as palpitations or sweating
  • Bad dreams
  • Frightful thoughts

Re-experiencing the symptoms may cause problems in become the daily routine of people. Words, objects, or situations that remind you of the event can also trigger re-experiencing of symptoms. From:

  • Avoidance of places, events, or objects associated with the traumatic experience
  • Avoidance of thoughts or feelings associated with the traumatic event

Things that remind a person of a traumatic event can trigger avoidance symptoms. These signs make a person change his personal routine. For example, after a bad car accident, a person who normally drives may avoid driving or riding in a car.

Symptoms of arousal and reactivity include:

  • Being startled easily
  • Feeling tense
  • Having trouble sleeping
  • Anger outbursts

Arousal symptoms are usually constant are, rather than being triggered by things that remind the person of traumatic events. These symptoms make a person feel stressed and angry. They may make it difficult to perform daily tasks such as sleeping, eating, or concentrating.

Cognitive and mood symptoms include:

  • Difficulty remembering key features of the traumatic event
    • Difficulty remembering key features of the traumatic event li>
    • Negative thoughts about self or the world
    • Distorted feelings such as guilt or blame
    • Loss of interest in pleasurable activities

    Cognitive and mood symptoms can begin or worsen after the traumatic event. It is normal to have some of these symptoms for a few weeks after a dangerous event. When symptoms last for more than a month, it seriously affects a person's ability. Some people with PTSD do not show any symptoms for weeks or months. PTSD is often associated with depression, substance abuse, and one or more other anxiety disorders.

    Do children react differently than adults?

    BingMag.com What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

    Children and teenagers will also have strong reactions to trauma, but some of their symptoms may not be the same as adults. Symptoms that are sometimes seen in very young children (less than 6 years old) can include:

    • Wetting the bed after learning to use the toilet
    • Forgetting how to talk. or inability to speak
    • Enacting the fearful event during playtime
    • Unusual attachment to parents or other adults

    Older children and adolescents more likely are showing symptoms similar to those observed in adults. They may also exhibit destructive behaviors and thoughts

    • Why do we use the phrase "I love you" a lot?

    Which risk factors affect post-traumatic stress disorder?

    Anyone at any age can develop post-traumatic stress disorder, and this includes everyone, including war veterans, children, and people who have experienced physical or sexual assault, abuse, accidents, disasters, or other serious events. have experienced, it is possible. According to the National Center for PTSD, about 7 or 8 out of every 100 people suffer from this disorder at some point in their lives. Women are more prone to it than men, and because of genetic factors, some people may be more prone to PTSD than others.

    All people with PTSD experience a traumatic event. They were not facing each other. Some people develop PTSD after experiencing danger or injury to a friend or family member. The sudden and unexpected death of a loved one can also lead to this disorder.

    Why do some people get PTSD and others don't?

    BingMag.com What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

    It is important to remember that not everyone who lives through a traumatic event will develop PTSD. In fact, most people do not get this disorder.

    Many factors play a role in a person suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. Risk factors increase the possibility of a person suffering from PTSD. Other factors called resilience can also help reduce the risk of this disorder.

    Some factors that increase the risk of PTSD include:

    • Living in the midst of accidents and traumas. Dangerous
    • Being hurt
    • Seeing someone else hurt or seeing a dead body
    • Childhood trauma
    • Feeling panic, helplessness or extreme fear
    • Having little or no social support after the event
    • Coping with additional stress after the event, such as losing a loved one, pain and injury, or losing a job or home
    • Having a history of mental illness or substance abuse

    Some factors that may contribute to post-traumatic recovery include:

    • Support from other people, such as friends and family
    • Finding a support group after a traumatic event
    • Learning to feel good about your actions in the face of danger
    • Having a positive coping strategy, or a way to get through a bad event and learn from it
    • Ability to act and respond effectively despite feeling fearful

    Researchers in The importance of these factors and other factors of risk and resilience, including genetics and neurobiology, are being investigated. With more research, it may one day be possible to predict who is likely to develop PTSD and prevent it.

    What are the treatments and therapies for PTSD?

    BingMag.com What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

    The main treatments for people with PTSD are medications, psychotherapy (talk therapy), or both. Therefore, a treatment that is effective for one person may not be effective for another. Also, some people with PTSD may need to try different treatments to find what works for their symptoms.

    If someone with PTSD is going through a chronic trauma, such as being exposed to In a bad relationship, both of these problems must be solved. Other chronic problems can include panic disorder, depression, substance abuse, and suicidal thoughts.


    The most common type of medication used to treat PTSD is antidepressants, which may help control PTSD symptoms such as sadness, worry, anger and feeling numb inside can help. Other medications may also be helpful for treating specific symptoms of PTSD, such as sleep problems and nightmares.

    Psychotherapy (sometimes called "talk therapy") involves talking to a mental health professional to treat a mental illness. Psychotherapy can be done one-on-one or in a group. Speech therapy for people with this disorder may take 6 to 12 weeks or more. Research shows that support from family and friends can be an important part of recovery.

    Effective psychotherapies emphasize several key components, including education about symptoms, skills training to help identify triggers for symptoms, and skills to its management. One useful form of treatment is called cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT. CBT can include:

    Exposure therapy

    This helps people to face their fear and take control of it. It gradually exposes them to the trauma they have experienced in a safe way. Uses imagination, writing, or visiting the place where the event happened. The therapist uses these tools to help people with PTSD cope with their feelings.

    Cognitive reconstruction

    This method helps people make sense of bad memories. Sometimes people remember the event differently than how it happened. They may be guilty of something They don't feel guilty or ashamed. A therapist helps people with PTSD look at what happened in a realistic way.

    There are other types of therapy that can help. People with PTSD should discuss all treatment options with a therapist. Treatment should equip people with skills to manage their symptoms and help them participate in activities they enjoyed before they had PTSD.

    How talk therapy can help people overcome PTSD Do they?

    Talk therapy teaches people helpful ways to respond to the frightening events that trigger their PTSD symptoms. Based on this general goal, different types of therapy include:

    • Educate about trauma and its effects.
    • Use calming and anger management skills.
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    • Provide tips for better sleep, diet, and exercise habits.
    • Help people identify and deal with guilt, shame, and other emotions related to the event.
    • Focus on changing how people respond to PTSD symptoms. For example, therapy helps people deal with memories of trauma.

    How can I help myself?

    BingMag.com What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?

    It may be very difficult to take the first step to help yourself. It is important to understand that although it may take some time, with treatment, you can get better. Sometimes an emergency doctor can also provide you with temporary help. But psychologists or counselors are the best options.

    To help yourself during treatment:

    • Talk to your doctor about treatment options.
    • For To help reduce stress, do some light physical activity or exercise.
    • Set realistic goals for yourself.
    • Break big tasks into small ones, prioritize, and do whatever you can.
    • Try to spend time with other people and confide in a trusted friend or relative. Tell others about things that may trigger symptoms.
    • Expect your symptoms to improve gradually, not immediately.
    • Use relaxing situations, places, and people. Identify and search.

    Caring for yourself and others is especially important when large numbers of people are exposed to traumatic events (such as natural disasters, accidents, and acts of violence).


What research is being done for PTSD?

Over the past decade, advances in research into the psychological and biological underpinnings of PTSD have led scientists to understand Better to focus on the underlying reasons why people experience a wide range of reactions to trauma.

Other research looks at how fear memories are affected by learning, body changes, or even sleep. Research is also being done on preventing post-traumatic stress disorder immediately after exposure to trauma.

Finally, research that is still being done using brain imaging technologies, to It is likely to help scientists pinpoint the region of the brain that is stimulated when experiencing PTSD. This understanding could lead to better targeted treatments that match each individual's needs or even prevent the disorder before it causes harm.


PTSD, It is one of the most common mental states that can happen to many people. Also, as mentioned above, even sometimes people, without having experienced a painful event and just being an observer, causes them to suffer from this disorder for a while.

Fear. And anxiety occurs in the form of shortness of breath, sweating, nightmares and repeated thoughts about the event, and in these cases people will suffer from dehydration. In such situations, by taking deep breaths, the psychological pressure can be relieved for a short time.

Many times PTSD is temporary and fleeting. But if the symptoms persist for more than a month, be sure to see a psychologist for help.

This article is only for education and information purposes. Be sure to consult an expert before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read BingMag Disclaimer.

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