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What is the mysterious connection between genius, creativity and mental disorders?

From Vincent Van Gogh to Sylvia Plott and Nietzsche, people with mental illness have repeatedly shown their intellectual and artistic genius throughout history. Have been displayed. In fact, the connection between the genius of individuals and their history of mental disorders is not only very attractive to psychologists, but also ordinary people are interested in this issue.

But the existence of this overlap and close relationship between mental disorders and Genius can be explained by which biological theories? And what mental advantages can these people have over others? Is it possible that their brains are more evolved?

In the continuation of this article from BingMag, all your frequently asked questions about the mysterious relationship between genius, creativity and mental disorders will be answered. In fact, this article examines the inseparable relationship between these elements from the perspective of psychology and neuroscience and tries to discover the cause and why of this problem. Join us.

Do geniuses and creative people generally suffer from mental illness?

BingMag.com What is the mysterious connection between genius, creativity and mental disorders? "There is only one small difference between me and the insane, and that is that I'm not insane."

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But this connection is sometimes possible To be confused with the level of talent of a person in a particular field. Although creative people are generally mentally more stable than non-creative people, the opposite is true for people with exceptional ingenuity and creativity, according to Dr. Dean Keith Simonton, a professor of psychology at the university. In California, highly creative people are generally more prone to mental disorders than non-creative people, and these disorders are significantly more prevalent among this group of people than others. He called the concept the "paradox of the mad genius." In fact, the pervasive notion that mental illness and genius are intertwined is so prominent in the public mind that it can seldom be challenged. So before we continue the discussion, let us clarify this point: Mental illness is neither a necessary condition for creativity nor a sufficient condition. But what does research in this area show us?

Surely, research shows that many eminent geniuses, especially in the field of art, have had heartbreaking emotional experiences in the early stages of their lives ( Such as social rejection, loss of parents or physical disability) and of course experiencing mental and emotional instability in the early stages of their lives.

However, this does not mean that mental illness has been the key to their success. . Many successful people have achieved this without suffering from mental disorders or having difficult experiences in the early stages of their lives, and there is little evidence that clinical mental illness is incapable of achieving success and creativity. It has a positive effect.

In addition, only a small number of people always succeed. But fortunately for other human beings there are also different levels of creativity. James C. Kaufman and Ronald Bagto argue that we can demonstrate creativity in a variety of ways, from inherent creativity in the learning process to everyday forms of creativity and professional expertise in creative endeavors, and ultimately distinctive creativity.

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Why do genius and mental illness often overlap?

BingMag.com What is the mysterious connection between genius, creativity and mental disorders?

The inability to filter seemingly irrelevant information is a clear and inseparable feature of creative ideation and, of course, some mental disorders. This condition, known as "latent inhibition reduction," allows more information to enter the individual's realm of consciousness, which in turn can strengthen the connection between unrelated concepts.

This storm of thought both leads to mental disorders in psychotic states and is the basis for innovative thinking and creativity.

A hypothesis to explain the cause of the mysterious link between genius and mental illness is rooted in " Theory of Boundaries, an idea proposed by sociologist Christopher Badkak and evolutionary biologist Bernard Crespi, explains how autism and schizophrenia are two opposite poles of a cognitive axis.

In this theory, the expression of the paternal gene in the child It can be seen in the form of mechanical thinking that autism is the most severe form and is located at one end of the cognitive axis and the maternal gene that shapes the child's mental characteristics and the most severe state is expressed in the child in the form of psychosis is located at the other end of the cognitive axis.

This theory considers the emergence of geniuses as the result of some key and important features. Which a person inherits from his parents. In fact, geniuses in human history, such as John Nash and Isaac Newton, both possessed highly mechanical traits inherited from their paternal genes, as well as traits associated with extreme thought processing that they inherited from their maternal genes./p>

These geniuses actually had both autism and schizophrenia symptoms. That is, they are located on the cognitive axis at both opposite ends. True genius in some fields, especially mathematics and science, can represent this unique overlap.

Is there a genetic link between creativity and mental illness?

BingMag.com What is the mysterious connection between genius, creativity and mental disorders?

Some research has shown that the presence of certain genetic components that play an important role in the development of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, in the genetic structure of creative people They are also more common.

However, it is very difficult to conduct comprehensive and reliable studies on the relationship between genetics and broad personality traits such as creativity. What we do know is that many mental illnesses, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, have specific genetic components, so such disorders and their associated characteristics are passed down from generation to generation.

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Is it possible that there is an evolutionary link between mental illness and creativity?

BingMag.com What is the mysterious connection between genius, creativity and mental disorders?

Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia can be debilitating diseases, so it is surprising to scientists why these disorders have persisted over time and have not been eliminated in the evolutionary cycle.

Some believe that schizophrenia and bipolar disorder offer an evolutionary benefit to the individual, in that they predispose individuals to greater creativity, ingenuity, and success, which can benefit all members of human society.

Therefore, as the driving force of human civilization, people of every generation are selected by natural selection to be given these sensitive and fragile characteristics. Those who shape the future of the human race with their thoughts and actions.

How can people with mental illness balance their medication and creative goals?

BingMag.com What is the mysterious connection between genius, creativity and mental disorders?

People with bipolar disorder are often deeply concerned when it comes to seeing a psychiatrist that taking medication creates their creativity and productivity along with their periods of mania. Is to destroy. Therefore, it is important for the psychiatrist to address this issue in the treatment process.

Therapists should explain to patients that energy from mania is often confused with creative skills. Mania often leads people to have the illusion that their skills are far greater than they really are. The therapist can talk to the patient about his or her innate talents and skills and discuss their development.

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The link between creativity and mental illness from a scientific perspective

BingMag.com What is the mysterious connection between genius, creativity and mental disorders?

Simon Kiaga et al., based on data from a 40-year study of approximately 1.2 million Swedish citizens, found that, with the exception of bipolar disorder, people working in science and the arts They generally do not suffer from mental disorders.

Therefore, even severe mental illness does not increase a person's chances of entering a creative profession (even the exception to bipolar disorder was seen in only a small 8% population. What was noteworthy, however, was that the siblings of people with autism and first-degree relatives of patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and anorexia nervosa were significantly involved in creative careers. . Is it possible that a person's relatives have inherited a weaker version of the mental illness that has led to their creativity and at the same time lacks the debilitating aspects of the illness?

Research shows that the biological relatives of people with the disease Schizophrenics who are mentally healthy often have unusual and creative occupations and hobbies and show higher levels of schizotypal personality traits than the general public.

Note that schizotypy does not mean schizophrenia. Schizotypy includes a set of personality traits that are somewhat evident in all individuals.

Schizotypal traits can be divided into two types. "Positive" schizotypy includes unusual perceptual experiences, narrow mental boundaries between oneself and another, impulsive inconsistencies, and transcendental beliefs. "Negative" schizotypal traits include cognitive impairment and lack of enjoyment of social activities and activities that are enjoyable for most people. , Are more similar to patients with schizophrenia.

This has important implications for creativity. Unusual perceptual experiences and impulsive maladaptation due to schizotypy significantly affect the ranking of individual creativity. In fact, recent findings in neuroscience indicate a profound link between schizotypy and genius.

The key to genius and creativity seems to be to open the gates of the mind and get the most out of information. Sometimes discovering the strangest possible connections between mental data can lead to the most creative ideas. In fact, the process of filtering perceptual data scattered to the minds of creative and genius people is somewhat disrupted, and therefore their cognitive volume is many times greater than that of ordinary people whose minds automatically filter out irrelevant information (latent restraint mechanism). Latent inhibition is a filtration mechanism common to humans and other animals that is bound to the neurotransmitter dopamine. But the reduced or disrupted latent restraint mechanism allows us to consider irrelevant information that we have encountered in the past and that has not been used in a novel and unfamiliar way. In addition, existing research has shown a strong association between decreased latent inhibition levels and the incidence of schizophrenia. In fact, it brings us to the real link between genius and mental illness.

This is just about education and information. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .

Source: SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN , Psychology Today

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