What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?

Some people are disturbed and severely disturbed by hearing repetitive sounds such as chewing food, tapping the table with a pen or scratching surfaces. Misophonia or selective sound sensitivity syndrome is a disorder in which hearing certain sounds is completely unbearable for the affected person. Simply put, misophonia can be described as an extreme sensitivity to certain sounds.

BingMag.com What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?

Some people are disturbed and severely disturbed by hearing repetitive sounds such as chewing food, tapping the table with a pen or scratching surfaces. Misophonia or selective sound sensitivity syndrome is a disorder in which hearing certain sounds is completely unbearable for the affected person. Simply put, misophonia can be described as an extreme sensitivity to certain sounds.

This word (Misophonia) is derived from a Greek word meaning "hate of sound" and in this article we ask BingMag about it. Let's talk to you.

What is misophonia or voice aversion?

BingMag.com What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?

Experts still do not have a specific criterion and There is no agreement on the diagnosis of misophonia, but everyone believes that this disorder can have a positive effect on the mental health and comfort of the affected person, and that the affected person needs treatment and support.

As we mentioned, extreme sensitivity to certain sounds is called misophonia or aphasia. If you're struggling with misophonia, you might feel like doing one of the following things as soon as you hear a voice that's bothering you, and you might even have done it:

  • Immediately leave the room. You quit.
  • You press your hands over your ears.
  • You yell, Dont make that noise!

Some stimuli They may cause the person with misophonia so much discomfort that he decides not to be in certain situations and not to associate with certain people. When a person is bothered by the sound of others eating, he decides to eat all his meals alone and avoid going to restaurants, cafes or any other public place where people eat.

Researchers in the year Misophonia was first discussed in 2001, but research on it is still in its early stages. Some experts consider misophonia to be a disease, but others believe that it can be one of the signs of mental health. In the latest edition of "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)", misophonia is not introduced as a disorder, but some experts have suggested to put it in the category of "obsessive-compulsive and related disorders" in the next editions. p>

Symptoms of misophonia

BingMag.com What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?

Misophonia can significantly disrupt the daily life of the sufferer.

The most obvious sign of misophonia is a person's strong reaction when hearing stimulating sounds. But if the range of feelings, emotions and physical signs are to be examined, the symptoms can be categorized according to the following list:

  • Feeling discomfort, irritation and disgust
  • Anger, anger , feeling aggressive, including the urge to physically or verbally attack
  • being nervous or uncomfortable in situations where disturbing noises are made
  • feelings of anxiety or panic, including feeling trapped or lost Control
  • Feeling of stiffness or pressure in the whole body or in the chest
  • Increased heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature

These symptoms are usually for They first appear in preadolescence or adolescence. A person with misophonia may feel that he can react the worst and most violently to certain sounds. It is very difficult to manage the emotions created after a voice stimulation and sometimes it can cause a person deep discomfort. Sometimes a person may decide to leave work, school, or the gathering of friends and family and be alone. 4.jpg" class="content-pics" alt="BingMag.com What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?" title="BingMag.com What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?" loading="lazy">

The sounds that trigger misophonia can vary greatly from person to person. Also, over time, these sounds change and the intensity of their irritation increases or decreases. Misophonia starts with sensitivity to one sound, but at the same time, other sounds can cause a person slight discomfort and produce similar reactions. One of the most common sounds that sensitize people with misophonia and can cause very strong reactions are the mouth sounds made by others. Sounds like:

  • Crushing and chewing food
  • Snorting
  • Swallowing
  • Long breathing
  • Throat clearing
  • Lip smacking

Other irritating sounds for people with misophonia can be found in the following list:

  • Smell Drawing
  • Writing
  • Pressing the automatic button
  • Rustling of paper or fabric
  • Tick-tock of the clock
  • Tapping of shoes
  • The sound of hands running over the dishes
  • Sharping or cutting nails
  • Whispering
  • The sound of crickets or birds
  • The sound of animal grooming

For some people, visual stimuli can also cause reactions similar to sound. Stimuli such as:

  • Waving the legs
  • Rubbing the nose
  • Turning the hair or pen
  • Chewing with the mouth open
  • >
  • Moving lips or jaw while chewing Food

The idea has been put forward that if a person with misophonia produces the same sound it will not cause him any discomfort, but when the sounds are from others it will act as a strong stimulus.

What does misophonia feel like?

BingMag.com What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?

If you have not experienced misophonia, you may Be surprised to see how upset or angry people are with this disorder. To better understand this situation, try to imagine how you feel when you hear a voice you hate. For example, everyone hates the sound of nails dragging on a blackboard, some people hate the sound of a child crying, and many people are annoyed by the sound of a car horn.

When you hear these sounds, you feel nervous. It's stressful, your face is getting hot and you want to turn off the sound or leave the place as soon as possible. When you are not suffering from misophonia, you rarely notice annoying reactions to sound, but if you imagine these situations that we have described, you will definitely understand what kind of pressure a person suffering from this disorder endures.

People with Misophonias constantly hear sounds that bother them throughout the day and this makes life difficult for them. This is hard for most people to understand, and if they react, they are labeled as "nervous" and "too sensitive." This isolates them.

Dr. Baron Lerner, author and professor at New York University, has misophonia and explains that all trigger sounds are awful. "Hearing these sounds is like your blood starts to boil," he says. He explains that hearing these sounds causes physical symptoms of anxiety, such as heart palpitations and stomach aches. Even cognitively noticing the trigger sound, they start to react. "The disorder is like a tsunami of negative responses," says Johnson, who has studied more than 20 cases of misophonia. It is immediate and overwhelming and takes over most of the person's cognitive functions."

What causes misophonia?

BingMag.com What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?

Researchers have not yet found a specific cause of misophonia in people, they only know that it is more common in people with one or more of the following disorders:

  • Disorder Obsessive compulsive (OCD)
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Tourette syndrome
  • Tinnitus

Some researchers believe that there is a potential connection There is a link between misophonia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Lerner points out: "While misophonia appears to be its own condition, it is important to recognize that it shares commonalities with other disorders and overlaps with some of their symptoms." Johnson says: "For years, people with misophonia were mistakenly classified as people with anxiety, phobias, and other such disorders. But misophonia has its own unique characteristics." Conditions such as:

  • It starts during puberty and the first symptoms usually appear between the ages of 9 and 12.
  • Women report more severe symptoms than men.
  • >
  • The primary trigger is usually created by parents or family members, and new triggers are added over time. li>

Chemical brain status of people with misophonia

BingMag.com What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?

In a small study that In 2019, it was found that misophonia can be caused by a highly sensitive connection between the auditory cortex and the salient network. The auditory cortex is the part of the brain that processes sounds, and the salience network determines which sounds to pay attention to and how carefully. This irregular connection leads to increased activity in certain parts of the brain, which causes unpleasant experiences of emotional reactions in the individual.

In another study conducted in 2021, misophonia was identified with a larger volume of the amygdala along with Irregular brain connectivity is associated. The amygdala helps process emotions and triggers a person's reactions to stimuli such as fear or threat. Researchers say sensitivity to sounds and strong reactions to certain sounds can be partly related to the size of the amygdala.

Living with Misophonia

BingMag.com What is misophonia disorder and how can you live with it?

There is currently no cure for misophonia, but there are ways to manage the symptoms, which we will explore below.

1. Tinnitus Retraining Treatment

Tinnitus makes you hear sounds like a bell that no one else can hear. Tinnitus retraining therapy was originally designed to help people with this condition and help them learn and accept those sounds, but it can also help people with misophonia to cope with stimulating sounds.

2. Unconditionalize

In this The method pairs a weak sound stimulus with a subject that evokes positive emotions or happiness. A favorite subject can be a favorite song, a photo of a loved one, or the touch of something soothing. In a case study conducted in 2015, it was found that this method helped a woman with misophonia to reduce the intensity of her reaction to sound stimuli.

3. Coping strategies

Leaving the place where the irritating sound is heard is a coping technique, but sometimes the situation is such that it is not possible to leave the place. For this reason, it is necessary to use other strategies to avoid hearing the sound and causing discomfort. Things like:

  • Using noise-cancelling headphones
  • Listening to music, soothing sounds or white noise
  • Distracting yourself from annoying noise with help A calming mantra or affirmation
  • Politely asking the person to stop making noise

Johnson says the sound of rain, nature, or other similar sounds has helped clients reduce their reactive symptoms. to reduce by 85%.

4. Using counseling

A professional counselor helps the person with misophonia talk about the problems and sounds that are bothering them. Also, the counselor helps the person to start cognitive-behavioral therapy and learn effective strategies to deal with this disease. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a type of therapy that helps a person pay attention to unwanted thoughts and reactions and correct them. This therapy can help a person control the emotional and physical sensations caused by stimulation by sounds.

Overview

Source: Healthline

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