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What is metabolic syndrome and how is it treated?

BingMag.com <b>What</b> is <b>metabolic</b> <b>syndrome</b> and <b>how</b> is it treated?

metabolic syndrome refers to a set of risk factors that appear to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. These risk factors include high blood pressure, high blood sugar, accumulation of fat around the waist, and abnormal levels of cholesterol or triglycerides. metabolic syndrome, also known as syndrome X, Insulin Resistance Syndrome, and Also known as "metabolic syndrome". If you have this syndrome, lifestyle changes can delay or even prevent the effects. Due to the high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, we want to introduce you to the symptoms, side effects and treatment in this article from BingMag. Stay tuned for the rest of this article.

Symptoms of metabolic syndrome

If a person has at least three of the following five symptoms, their doctor will consider metabolic syndrome for their condition. :

  • Abdominal and visceral obesity, waist circumference more than 40 inches (101.6 cm) in men and more than 35 inches (9.88 cm) in women
  • Blood pressure 130/85 mm Hg or higher
  • Blood triglyceride 150 mg/dl or higher
  • Cholesterol Good (HDL) 40 mg/dL or less in men and 50 mg/dL or less in women

People with at least three of the above are more likely to get the disease Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack or stroke.

Causes of metabolic syndrome

BingMag.com <b>What</b> is <b>metabolic</b> <b>syndrome</b> and <b>how</b> is it treated? metabolic syndrome is a set of risk factors, so there is no single cause. Abdominal obesity or overweight is one of the main causes of this syndrome. Abnormal levels of triglycerides and cholesterol, high blood pressure, and prediabetes also play a role. Lifestyle can affect all of these factors. A diet high in fat and sugar and lack of physical activity are associated with obesity and other problems associated with metabolic syndrome. Many people with metabolic syndrome have a condition called "insulin resistance." . Your digestive system breaks down the foods you eat into sugar. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that helps sugar enter the body's cells and be used as an energy source. In people with insulin resistance, the cells do not respond naturally to insulin and the sugar cannot enter the cells easily. As a result, blood sugar rises.

However, insulin resistance does not necessarily indicate metabolic syndrome. Because it may be a sign of other diseases. Examples include Cushing's disease (increased cortisol hormone), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and chronic kidney disease. how to use insulin resistance in natural ways Improve?

Risk factors

The following factors increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome:

  • Aging
  • Obesity, especially in the abdomen and waist
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Family history of metabolic syndrome
  • Family history of type 2 diabetes
  • Inactivity with a high-calorie diet
  • Insulin resistance
  • Some diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver, polycystic ovary syndrome and sleep apnea
  • Some Medications

Some medications used to treat inflammation, HIV, allergies, and depression can cause weight gain or increase blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels.

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  • 47 Important Tips for Starting Weight Loss Basic

Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome

BingMag.com <b>What</b> is <b>metabolic</b> <b>syndrome</b> and <b>how</b> is it treated?

Not all medical guidelines for the diagnosis of this syndrome are the same. For example, there is disagreement about the best way to measure and define obesity. It can be said that body mass index (BMI), height to waist ratio or other factors can be used to assess weight and determine obesity. On the other hand, high blood sugar or hypertension may not be related to obesity.

Currently, the criteria mentioned in the symptoms section are commonly used to diagnose metabolic syndrome. However, doctors also consider a person's condition.

  • Is body mass index an accurate measure of health?

metabolic syndrome and childhood obesity Sometimes, this syndrome starts in childhood with symptoms such as obesity, hyperlipidemia and high blood pressure. In recent years, the increasing prevalence of obesity among young people has caused concern. For this reason, some people call for early screening to identify people who are at risk for cardiovascular disease. decreases. However, how and when to screen and how to diagnose metabolic syndrome and obesity in children is controversial. Because children are growing and there is a lot of variety in this area.

Complications of metabolic syndrome

This syndrome can increase the risk of the following problems:

  • Type 2 diabetes: If you do not make lifestyle changes to treat overweight, you may develop insulin resistance and your blood sugar may rise. Insulin resistance increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Cardiovascular Disease: High cholesterol and high blood pressure can both cause plaque in blood vessels. These plaques tighten your arteries and eventually lead to a heart attack or stroke.

Treatment of metabolic syndrome

BingMag.com <b>What</b> is <b>metabolic</b> <b>syndrome</b> and <b>how</b> is it treated?

In the early stages it may be possible to treat hyperglycemia, high blood pressure and hyperlipidemia by modifying your lifestyle. Weight loss, especially in the upper body, can be an effective treatment. Other steps that can be taken to help prevent or treat metabolic syndrome include following a healthy diet that is low in sugar, fat and sodium (salt).

  • Regular exercise
  • Avoiding smoking and drinking alcohol
  • Stress management through physical activity, yoga and meditation
  • It is recommended that Do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise a week or at least 30 minutes a day. A brisk walk is a good way to start physical activity. Instead of doing all the physical activity you need at once, you can split it into 10-minute sessions. DASH is recommended for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. Recommendations for this diet, the main purpose of which is to prevent and treat high blood pressure, include the following:

    • Choosing healthy foods
    • Limiting meat consumption Red, fats especially saturated fats as well as sugary foods and drinks
    • Increase your intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish and nuts

    Pays attention to the type of food consumed. However, those who want to lose weight can reduce their calorie intake while following this diet. 7% weight loss treats insulin resistance and high blood pressure and prevents diabetes. If you want to lose weight or prevent weight gain again, talk to your doctor about different options such as medication or weight loss surgery.

    • With the DASH diet to lower blood pressure Get acquainted

    Drug treatment

    BingMag.com <b>What</b> is <b>metabolic</b> <b>syndrome</b> and <b>how</b> is it treated?

    Usually for treatment This syndrome uses the drug metformin. This drug is useful for some high-risk groups, especially obese or people with high blood sugar who are unable to control their condition by modifying their lifestyle and diet.

    Using metformin to prevent diabetes in People who are at risk for metabolic syndrome do not have an official license. However, some doctors prescribe this drug for people with high blood sugar and abdominal obesity to prevent diabetes. Diabetes experts and evidence from clinical trials support this. The results of a study show that metformin reduces the risk of developing diabetes in adults, but that diet and exercise are almost twice as effective.

    Other drugs may be used to treat metabolic syndrome. For example, statins are used to treat high cholesterol (LDL) and antihypertensive drugs are used to treat high blood pressure. Prevention of metabolic syndrome can lead to a healthy lifestyle. Avoid the factors that are involved in the development of this syndrome. To have a healthy lifestyle:

    • Exercise at least 30 minutes most days of the week.
    • Eat lots of vegetables, fruits, lean protein and whole grains.
    • Reduce saturated fat and salt in your diet.
    • Keep your weight in the right range.
    • Do not smoke.

    Concluding remarks

    metabolic syndrome refers to the existence of a set of specific risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This syndrome greatly increases the risk of diabetes, heart disease and stroke. People with metabolic syndrome have problems such as abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high triglycerides and low cholesterol.

    Weight loss, following a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, increased physical activity Avoiding smoking and alcohol and controlling stress help treat metabolic syndrome. But if these measures do not work, your doctor may recommend the use of metformin.

    This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .

    Sources: medicalnewstoday, mayoclinic


    Tags: what, metabolic, syndrome, how, treated?

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