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What is a hormonal headache and how is it treated?

Many factors, such as genetics and age, can play a role in the development of headaches. But in women, hormonal fluctuations, especially estrogen depletion, are a major cause of chronic headaches. These hormonal fluctuations occur due to the menstrual cycle, menopause, pregnancy or the use of birth control pills. Some people also call hormonal headaches "menstrual migraines". Many women with migraines find that they have migraines just before or during menstruation. The hormones estrogen and progesterone, which play an important role in regulating the menstrual cycle and pregnancy, are stored in the brain on chemicals. Related to headaches. Maintaining estrogen stability can improve headaches. But a decrease or change in the amount of this hormone can make headaches worse. In this article from BingMag Meg, we will examine the types of hormonal headaches, their causes and how to treat them. We also introduce methods to prevent this type of headache. Join us.
  • 18 home remedies for immediate headache treatment

Hormonal headache symptoms

Usually menstrual migraine from 2 days before Occurs from the period up to 3 days after its onset. Migraine is a throbbing pain that starts on one side of the head. This type of headache may be accompanied by photosensitivity and nausea or vomiting. Menstrual migraines are similar to normal migraines and may occur with or without an aura. It is a type of sensory disorder that occurs before a migraine attack. Symptoms of the disorder include light or zigzag spots, tingling, and stuttering. Women with hormonal headaches may also experience other symptoms, including:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Acne
  • Joint pain
  • Decreased urination
  • Intense craving for salt or chocolate

Causes of hormonal headaches

Headaches, especially migraine headaches, are associated with the female hormone estrogen. Estrogen controls the chemicals in the brain that affect the sensation of pain. Because of this, a decrease in this hormone causes headaches. Estrogen levels change for a variety of reasons, including:

Menstrual cycle

BingMag.com What is a hormonal headache and how is it treated?

Just before the start of menstruation, the amount of 2 female hormones estrogen and progesterone to its lowest level arrives. This causes throbbing headaches. This is why about 60% of women with migraines during menstruation develop a headache called menstrual migraine.

2. Oral contraceptives

The use of birth control pills in some women worsens migraine headaches and in others improves them. You usually take birth control pills that contain two hormones, estrogen and progesterone, for 3 weeks. In the fourth week (menstrual week) you either take placebo pills or do not take any pills at all. This causes a sudden drop in estrogen at week 4 and headaches. If you are prone to hormonal migraines, taking pills that contain less estrogen or only progesterone can help.


Estrogen levels increase during pregnancy. Because of this, hormonal headaches go away during pregnancy in many women. However, there are women who experience their first migraine headache early in pregnancy and recover after the first trimester.


In the years leading up to menopause, some women experience more headaches due to hormonal fluctuations. By the time menopause enters, about two-thirds of women with migraines say their headaches have improved. But in some postmenopausal women who use "hormone replacement therapy" to control their hormone levels, the headache may get worse. Changes or asks you to stop using it. The use of estrogen adhesive on the skin is less effective in causing headaches than other types of estrogen. Because it provides the body with a low, steady dose of the hormone.

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5. Other Factors Affecting Hormonal Headaches

BingMag.com What is a hormonal headache and how is it treated?

The following factors can cause headaches in people with migraines: : Be:

  • Eliminate meals
  • Sleep more or less
  • Strong lights, sounds or smells
  • Extreme changes in water and Air
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages
  • Excessive caffeine consumption or sudden withdrawal
  • Stress
  • Processed meats such as sausages and smoked fish
  • li>
  • Monosodium glutamate (MSG) which is added as a flavor enhancer to some foods such as canned vegetables and processed meats
  • Products containing soy
  • Artificial sweeteners (sugars) Diet)

Treatment of Hormonal Headaches

There are several methods for treating hormonal headaches, including:

Home Remedies

  • Eating small snacks throughout the day to maintain blood sugar stability and prevent fluctuations
  • Drinking water Adequate
  • Follow a regular sleep pattern
  • Avoid stress
  • Massage the area where you feel pain
  • Breathe Deep

Natural Remedies

Sometimes, your doctor may recommend magnesium supplementation to prevent hormonal headaches. There are other natural methods that may help treat migraine headaches. However, none of these methods should replace medical interventions. Methods that may play a role in the treatment of hormonal headaches include:

  • Vitamin and mineral supplements
  • Acupuncture
  • Meditation
  • Mindfulness exercises (exercises that help focus on the present and be present in the moment)
  • Essential oils (obtained from the distillation of plants)

Medical treatments

BingMag.com What is a hormonal headache and how is it treated?

Some medications help treat headaches. These medications should be taken as soon as a headache or migraine attack starts. There are three types of medications used to treat migraine headaches:

  • Pills: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or naproxen and fast-acting triptans such as zolmitriptan, almotriptan, sumatriptan and rizatriptan can be controlled. Injectable Drugs: These drugs, which include somatriptan and dihydroargotamine, work faster than pills.
  • Nasal sprays: Sprays are more effective than pills, but as effective as injectable drugs. is not. Zolmitriptan, dihydroergotamine, and somatriptan are some of the medications that can be used as a spray.

Treatment of hormonal headaches during pregnancy and lactation

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding Or if you are planning to become pregnant, talk to your doctor about all of your medications being safe. Some headache medications can damage your baby's growth. In this case, your doctor may be able to suggest appropriate alternatives. Some physicians consider stress reduction and the use of acupuncture, yoga, and meditation to be beneficial along with recommended therapies. Are methods used for other people. However, physicians should take the necessary precautions and consider other aspects of their health. For example, during menopause, some people are more likely to develop heart disease. For this reason, treatment with triptans is less safe because of their effect on the heart and arteries.

If you are taking hormone replacement therapy and your headaches have increased, your doctor may reduce your dose. , Prescribe it differently, or tell you to cut it off completely.

  • 5 Great Stretching Exercises to Fight Migraines Hormonal headaches

    Methods that can help prevent migraines include:

    Hormone therapies

    BingMag.com What is a hormonal headache and how is it treated?

    Birth control pills, estrogen patches and intravaginal rings can reduce the frequency or severity of menstrual migraines. But these methods are not useful for everyone and sometimes make migraines worse. Your doctor may ask you to take birth control pills for 6 to 6 months without taking a placebo pill. This helps prevent menstruation and helps treat headaches.

    If migraines are accompanied by symptoms, the use of estrogen-containing contraceptives is not recommended. Because the risk of stroke increases. Your doctor may also not recommend using these methods to prevent menstrual migraines in the following situations:

    • History of smoking
    • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes

Non-hormonal drugs

Drugs used to treat menstrual migraines can also help prevent them Have. These include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and triptans. If you do not respond to other medications or experience migraine headaches for more than 4 days a month, your doctor may prescribe medications such as magnesium supplements and Suggests seizures and antidepressants. These medications reduce the severity and frequency of headaches.

If your menstrual cycle is regular, you can start taking prophylactic medications a few days before your period and continue it for up to 2 weeks after your period. Give. If you have irregular periods or have migraines during your menstrual cycle, your doctor may recommend taking these medications daily.

Other Methods

In addition to medication, you can also prevent Take steps away from headaches. The following tips will reduce the risk of hormonal headaches:

  • Eating a healthy diet and avoiding foods that may trigger headaches
  • Regular exercise
  • Stress reduction

Time to see a doctor

BingMag.com What is a hormonal headache and how is it treated?

Estrogen and birth control pills are safe for many women. However, these drugs can slightly increase the risk of stroke and blood clots. Women with high blood pressure or a family history of stroke are more likely to develop these problems. See your emergency room right away if you have a sudden, severe headache and symptoms such as dizziness, stiff neck, shortness of breath, and vision loss. )

Concluding remarks

Hormonal headaches, also called menstrual migraines, occur due to low estrogen levels. Symptoms of these headaches are similar to migraines and include severe and throbbing headaches, nausea and vomiting. In some women, hormonal headaches may be accompanied by symptoms such as fatigue, joint pain, and acne. Medication and lifestyle modification play a role in the treatment and prevention of hormonal headaches.

This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .

Sources: medicalnewstoday, healthline

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