What is hallucination and what diseases are involved in its occurrence?

An illusion is an emotion that seems real, but is actually created by your mind. Illusions can affect all five senses. For example, you may see an unrealistic image or hear a sound that other people in the room cannot hear. The cause of hallucinations varies and can range from mental illness to side effects of medications and physical illnesses.

BingMag.com What is hallucination and what diseases are involved in its occurrence?

An illusion is an emotion that seems real, but is actually created by your mind. Illusions can affect all five senses. For example, you may see an unrealistic image or hear a sound that other people in the room cannot hear. The cause of hallucinations varies and can range from mental illness to side effects of medications and physical illnesses.

Depending on the cause of the hallucination, you should see a psychiatrist, neurologist or general practitioner for treatment. Treatment of the underlying disease can help relieve the hallucination. Your doctor may also recommend other strategies, such as increasing your sleep time. Join BingMag to learn about the types of hallucinations and their causes.

Types of hallucinations

Hallucinations may affect vision, smell, taste, hearing, or touch. Visual hallucinations Visual hallucinations involve seeing objects, people, or lights that do not exist. For example, you may see a person who is not in the room or you may see flashing lights that no one else can see.

Olfactory hallucinations Olfactory hallucinations Your sense of smell is involved. For example, you may smell bad when you wake up in the middle of the night, or you may feel that your body smells bad, when in fact it is not. In addition, you may inhale fragrances such as the scent of flowers, which you enjoy. Gustatory hallucinations are similar to olfactory hallucinations, but instead of olfactory ones. The sense of taste engages you and makes you feel flavors that are often strange or unpleasant. One of the relatively common symptoms in patients with epilepsy is taste hallucinations, which often cause the metal to taste in the mouth.

Auditory hallucinations

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Auditory hallucinations are one of the most common hallucinations a person may experience. In this situation, you may hear a person talking to you or telling you to do certain things. The sound may be angry, neutral or intimate. Other examples of this type of hallucination include hearing people walk around the room or knocking repeatedly. Tactile hallucinations include the sensation of touching or moving on the body. For example, you may feel insects crawling on your skin or moving your internal organs. You may also feel someone's hands on your body.

Cause of hallucinations

There are several factors involved in hallucinations, the most common of which are:

Diabetes

You may experience hallucinations when your blood sugar is higher than normal for a long time. If your blood sugar rises above 600 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), you develop hyperosmolar hyperglycemia syndrome. This syndrome is one of the serious complications of diabetes that causes severe thirst, fever, confusion and hallucinations. In these conditions, you need injectable or intravenous (IV) drugs to lower blood sugar and supply the body with the fluids and electrolytes it needs. Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder in which thinking , Affects behavior and emotions and is associated with various symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions. The disease disrupts a person's daily functioning and sufferers need lifelong treatment. Prompt and timely treatment can help control the symptoms of the disease before serious complications occur.

Hearing unrealistic sounds in the head is one of the common symptoms of schizophrenia, which affects about half of patients. Some people may also have visual hallucinations. At present, doctors do not know the cause of these symptoms, but believe that a combination of different factors, including changes in the brain, genetics and environment, play a role in their occurrence. Antipsychotic drugs can help reduce these symptoms.

Parkinson's disease

BingMag.com What is hallucination and what diseases are involved in its occurrence?

Parkinson's is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects body movements. Often the symptoms of this disease start gradually and on one side of the body and manifest themselves in the form of tremors in the limbs, slowing down of movements, muscle stiffness and change of speech. Most of these symptoms are caused by the loss of dopamine-producing nerve cells. Dopamine is a chemical messenger whose reduction leads to abnormal brain activity. The cause of Parkinson's disease is unknown, but genes and some toxins may play a role. More than half of those with the condition develop hallucinations or delusions, usually with visual hallucinations. Experts do not know the exact cause of these symptoms, but it seems that brain changes caused by the disease itself or the use of treatment methods are effective in causing them. Your doctor may use antipsychotic medications to control hallucinations in these patients. Alzheimer's disease is a progressive neurological disorder. Which shrinks the brain and kills its cells. Early signs of the disease include forgetting about recent events or conversations. As the disease progresses, the person with Alzheimer's develops severe memory impairment and loses the ability to perform daily tasks.

If you have Alzheimer's, changes occur in the brain that can lead to hallucinations. The patient may also become paranoid and suspicious, or think that others want to harm him. Medications that treat Alzheimer's can help alleviate these symptoms by changing the way brain chemicals work. Migraine A migraine is a headache that usually causes severe throbbing pain on one side of the head. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. A migraine attack can last from a few hours to a few days, and the pain may be so severe that it interferes with your daily activities. Migraine with Aura is a type of migraine that causes You see flashes of light, blind spots in your field of vision, or other visual changes. You may also feel numbness or tingling in your hands and face. These symptoms usually occur one hour before the headache. Your doctor may prescribe medication to treat migraines and control their symptoms.

Brain tumor

BingMag.com What is hallucination and what diseases are involved in its occurrence?

Sleep Disorders

If you do not get enough sleep, your physical and mental health will be affected and you may develop obesity and heart disease. , Diabetes and depression increase. Sleep disorders are problems that cause fatigue, drowsiness, mood swings, and so on by disrupting your sleep. The most common sleep disorders are insomnia, sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and narcolepsy. Some sleep disorders cause hallucinations and are usually accompanied by visual hallucinations that occur when falling asleep or waking up. They found. These hallucinations are very similar to dreaming, but they seem more real. A sleep specialist can help alleviate this problem by changing your lifestyle or prescribing medication.

Post-traumatic stress disorder

BingMag.com What is hallucination and what diseases are involved in its occurrence?

Experiencing or watching a horrific or stressful event can affect mental health and lead to problems such as severe anxiety, mood swings, nightmares, frustration with the future, and avoiding places, activities, or people. Which remind you of the incident. This condition is called post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Rarely, post-traumatic stress disorder is associated with hearing loss. So you may hear sounds or just feel the ringing sound in your corners. You may also feel paranoid and suspicious of others. Treatment for this disorder includes psychotherapy and medication.

Fever

Sometimes, high fever in children causes hallucinations that usually go away within minutes. Reducing fever stops swelling. Medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, as well as resting and drinking fluids, are effective in treating fever. Infection Some serious infections or diseases, such as meningitis Spinal cord) or septic shock can cause hallucinations. Once the infection is gone, the hallucinations must go away. A severe drop in blood pressure caused by an infection that can lead to respiratory or heart failure, stroke, other organ dysfunction, and possibly death is called septic shock.

Other causes

  • Drug abuse such as cocaine
  • The use of certain medications to treat Parkinson's disease, depression, and psychosis And epilepsy are prescribed
  • Social isolation, especially in the elderly
  • Epilepsy and seizures
  • Deafness
  • Incurable diseases such as HIV (AIDS), brain cancer or liver and kidney failure

Diagnosis

BingMag.com What is hallucination and what diseases are involved in its occurrence?

If you suspect that your assumptions are real and you think you are delusional, it is best to see a doctor immediately. Your doctor will check your symptoms and perform a physical exam. He or she may also ask you to have a blood test, urine test, or brain scan to help diagnose the cause of the hallucination. If mental illness plays a role in hallucinations, your doctor will refer you to a mental health professional.

If you know someone who has hallucinations, do not leave them alone. In some severe cases, the fear and suspicion of delusions can lead to dangerous behaviors. It is best to always stay with the person and accompany him or her when you see a doctor. By doing this, you will both support the patient and, if necessary, answer the doctor's questions about the symptoms and how often they occur.

Treatment of hallucinations

Finds hallucinations, can recommend the best treatment.

Medications

Treatment of hallucinations depends entirely on the underlying cause. For example, if you have hallucinations due to alcohol withdrawal, your doctor may prescribe medication to calm your nervous system. However, if a person with dementia develops Parkinson's disease, this medication is not helpful and other medications should be used. This is why it is important to accurately diagnose the cause of hallucinations.

Counseling

Counseling may also be part of your treatment plan, especially if mental health problems play a role in creating hallucinations. . Talking to a counselor will help you understand what has happened to you. The counselor can also teach you ways to deal with the fear or suspicion of the disorder.

Prognosis

BingMag.com What is hallucination and what diseases are involved in its occurrence?

Recovery from hallucinations depends on the cause. If you do not get enough sleep or drink alcohol, correcting these behaviors will help relieve hallucinations. If your symptoms are related to a mental illness such as schizophrenia, taking the right medication can significantly improve your hallucinations. Seeing a doctor right away and sticking to a treatment plan is likely to lead to a positive outcome in the long run.

Concluding remarks

Taste that they do not exist outside, you are under illusion. Auditory hallucinations cause you to hear sounds that others are unable to hear. Visual illusions make you see imaginary objects or see real objects differently. Smell illusions cause odors that only you can detect, and tactile illusions cause insects or someone else's hand to crawl on your body. Taste hallucinations also cause strange tastes in your mouth.

Severe high blood sugar in people with diabetes, schizophrenia, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, brain tumors, migraines and sleep disorders are some of the problems that can cause hallucinations. . In order for the illusion to go away, the underlying cause must be identified and treated.

This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .

Sources: healthline, webmd

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