What is biotin and What is its role in the body?/h2>
biotin is a B group of vitamins and, like them, is soluble in water; That is, it dissolves in water and we cannot store it. That's why it's important to eat it daily.
The main role of vitamin B7 is to convert the food we eat into energy. In addition, the body needs it to produce creatine, the protein that makes up hair, skin and nails. This nutrient is an important part of the body's enzymes that play a role in:
- synthesis or production of fatty acids
- Synthesis of the amino acids isoleucine and valine
- Gluconeogenesis or production of glucose
Vitamin B7 helps regulate blood sugar by facilitating insulin activity, is involved in the activity of neurotransmitters (neurotransmitters) and regulates cholesterol levels, and helps the activity of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands.
biotin tablets and Diabetes
Results from an animal study show that people with For people with type 2 diabetes, taking biotin pills helps regulate their blood glucose levels. Studies also show that it may help prevent kidney damage in people with type 1 diabetes.
Read more: A look at foods and foods that lower blood sugar
biotin consumption for hair loss and growth growth
Lack of nutrients including protein, essential fatty acids, zinc, iron, selenium and some vitamins such as vitamin B7 is a known cause of hair loss. Research on the effect of vitamin B7 on hair growth is limited, but several studies have shown that taking a biotin supplement for about 3 to 6 months can help hair growth and reduce hair loss. There is also a link between a deficiency of this vitamin and weak and brittle nails.
A study examining the effectiveness of vitamin B7 for hair growth showed that biotin supplementation can help people with hair loss due to the underlying disease. Hair, help. But these supplements are probably only useful for people with vitamin B7 deficiency.
In an old study conducted in 2012, women who thought they had thin hair were divided into two groups for 6 months. One group received hair growth supplements and the other group received a placebo. At the end of the study, those who took the hair growth supplement reported an increase in hair thickness and overall volume, but no effect was seen in the placebo group. hair growth supplements contain many substances, including zinc and iron, that are essential for hair, so the findings in this study cannot be attributed to biotin alone.
In a separate study, researchers found that children who could By taking biotin supplements to improve the growth or quality of their hair, they all have an underlying disease that causes a deficiency of this nutrient.
Apart from these studies, there is other strong evidence to support the use of biotin supplements. does not exist. Supplements can help correct vitamin B7 deficiency and improve hair health and growth, but there is no evidence that it is beneficial for people who are not deficient.
Many factors contribute to hair loss and thinning hair They are effective and therefore taking supplements without determining the cause of these problems can prevent or delay proper treatment in people who are not deficient in vitamin B7.
Although biotin is usually used in hair beauty products And it is added to the skin like serums and shampoos, but it is believed that it is not well absorbed through the skin, so it is best to get it from your diet or supplement if needed.
Read more: 11 Ways to Prevent hair Loss
Vitamin B7 and Fetal Growth
biotin and folic acid during pregnancy. Of course, too much biotin can also be dangerous to the fetus, so you should not take the pill without a doctor's prescription.
Read more: Everything you need to know about a healthy diet during pregnancy
Effect of Vitamin B7 on the Body Metabolism
biotin is one of the B vitamins that promotes better metabolism. This vitamin converts the glucose in carbohydrates into energy needed by the body.
Other benefits of this vitamin include:
- Reduces inflammation
- Strengthens cognitive function
- Increase Good Cholesterol (HDL) and Decrease Bad Cholesterol (LDL)
Read more: Which Vitamins and Minerals Boost Your Metabolism?
The body's need for biotin
The body's need for this nutrient depends on age, gender and general health. The current guidelines recommend the following values for healthy people:
- 5 micrograms per day for infants 0 to 6 months
- 6 to 8 micrograms per day for infants 7 months to 3 months Years
- 12 to 20 micrograms per day for children 4 to 13 years
- 25 micrograms per day for adolescents 14 to 18 years
- 30 micrograms for women and men Over 19
- 30 micrograms per day for pregnant women and 35 micrograms per day for lactating women
Read more: Which vitamins are beneficial and which are harmful?>
What foods contain biotin?
The best sources of this vitamin are:>
- Egg yolk
- Liver and offal
- Nuts such as almonds, peanuts and walnuts
- Nut butter
- Soy and other legumes
- Whole grains
Always It is best to get the nutrients your body needs from natural sources. That's why it's important to know What foods vitamin B7 is in. If you are not able to get enough vitamins through your diet, a supplement prescribed by your doctor will be a good option. Remember to check the Food and Drug Administration's approval on the packaging when purchasing these products.
Symptoms of biotin Deficiency Although vitamin B7
deficiency is rare, it is possible. And is usually characterized by
the following symptoms:
- hair loss
- Weak and brittle nails
- Skin rash
- Aciduria ( Abnormal amount of acid in urine)
- Skin infections
- Fatigue and chronic lethargy
- Conjunctivitis and eye infections
- Neurological symptoms such as hallucinations, drowsiness and seizures. Recent research shows that low levels of vitamin B7 are common in adults with certain conditions, including multiple sclerosis. Hypotonic
- Growth retardation
- Distribution Unusual fat on the face
Skin problems are one of the first symptoms of vitamin B7 deficiency in the body and are therefore considered an important indicator. If the deficiency is severe, neurological symptoms develop.
Cause of biotin deficiency
Deficiency occurs when a person does not get enough vitamins from their diet or can not properly consume What they have consumed. , Attract. Vitamin B7 deficiency is very rare, especially compared to deficiencies in other nutrients such as iron, vitamin B12 or magnesium, because:
- The body needs little vitamin B7 during the day.
- Many foods contain vitamin B7.
- Intestinal bacteria can produce little biotin. However, their effect on the overall state of human biotin remains unknown.
Doctors usually look for one of the following reasons to explain low levels of vitamin B7:
Some medications, such as antibiotics and anticonvulsants, block the proper absorption of vitamins in the body. In addition, antibiotics kill beneficial gut bacteria that can produce vitamin B7 naturally. If you have been taking these medications for a long time, you may need supplements. Intravenous (IV) nutrition Intravenous or intravenous feeding may reduce vitamin Uptake. Give. If you can not eat by mouth and are fed through a tube or IV, vitamin B7 levels may decrease. So you need supplements until you can eat solid food again.
Some chronic intestinal diseases, such as Crohn's and colitis, are caused by the body absorbing nutrients from food. Preventing Weight Loss Diets for the Long Term
If you follow a strict and very limited diet for a long time, you will not be able to get many of the vitamins and minerals your body needs. Get. Having a balanced diet is vital to good health. If you want to lose weight or keep it in a healthy range, you need to use enough different food groups during the day. Biotinidase Deficiency Three proteins help maintain adequate levels of biotin in the body: biotinidase, the sodium-dependent multivitamin carrier (SMVT), and holocarboxylase synthetase (HCS). These proteins are involved in the release of vitamin B7 from food and its absorption by the gastrointestinal tract. Biotinidase deficiency is a rare inherited disorder that prevents the body from reusing vitamin B7. Normally, the human body can use this vitamin several times before excreting it. People with this disorder cannot recycle vitamins. Symptoms of biotinidase deficiency often appear in the first few months after birth, and the disorder is diagnosed early in life because of severe symptoms.
Other genetic causes
There are other genetic disorders that may lead to vitamin B7 deficiency, including SMVT deficiency, HCS deficiency, and phenylketonuria. SMVT deficiency and HCS deficiency are both very rare, but phenylketonuria is more common and newborns are screened for it at birth. Because if not diagnosed in time, it is associated with severe neurological problems.
Other causes of vitamin B7 deficiency
There are other causes of this vitamin deficiency, including:
- Pregnancy (vitamin deficiency decreases in one-third of pregnant women)
- Excessive intake of other B vitamins such as pantothenic acid (vitamin B5)
Eggs are a good source of vitamin B7, but to get the most vitamins you need to eat them raw. Avoid. If you eat at least two uncooked egg whites every day for several months, you will become biotin deficient. Raw egg whites contain a protein called avidin, which binds to this vitamin in the stomach and prevents it from being absorbed by the body. When you cook an egg, it removes the heat of avidin and allows you to absorb biotin.
Vitamin B7 Deficiency Diagnosis This can be a little difficult
to diagnose. Because there is no good test to measure this vitamin
and its level can fluctuate throughout the day. Therefore, it is
usually identified with symptoms that include thinning hair
and red skin rashes around the eyes, nose, and mouth.
Symptoms of vitamin B7 deficiency may be confused with many other disorders or problems. Your doctor will diagnose the cause of your symptoms as something other than a lack of this nutrient. If your chosen treatment does not relieve your symptoms, your doctor will look for other possible causes.
Sometimes, vitamin B7 deficiency is the result of a disorder or other illness. If your doctor suspects that an underlying problem is causing your symptoms, he or she may suggest other tests to find out why vitamin B7 levels are low.
Treatment for biotin Deficiency
Deficiency of this nutrient is usually treated in the following ways:
Eating sources of vitamin B7
It is not difficult to get the vitamin B7 your body needs. Because this nutrient is found in many common foods and is very easy to get through food. Getting a biotin Supplement Vitamin B7 along with other vitamins as a multivitamin It is sold and you can buy it separately. Rarely, this vitamin can interact with other medications and cause unwanted side effects. The supplement dose may also be more than you need. For this reason, it is important to consult your doctor before taking it.
Treatment of malabsorption problems
Nausea, abdominal pain and other digestive problems in people with celiac disease and other diseases Inflammation of the gut, like Crohn's disease, reduces the intake of food sources of vitamin B7 or reduces its absorption in the gut. Some ways to treat digestive problems associated with gastrointestinal disorders include:
- Changing your diet and avoiding stimulants that may include high fiber, acidic foods, caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods And high-fat foods
- Consuming a liquid diet to speed up the healing process
- Minimizing stress that can worsen inflammation
- Taking quality probiotics and supplements (If needed)
- Quit smoking
- Control diarrhea to prevent dehydration
- Use medications to control inflammation such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids or immunomodulators li>
- Use of antibiotics to help treat infections and abscesses
- Biologic therapies to target inflammatory proteins and reduce inflammation
- In some cases, surgery to remove the obstruction, tissue And li
Talking to your doctor about medications used
biotin can interfere with some medications. Therefore, if you are taking medications that may have an adverse effect on the level of this vitamin every day, monitor your symptoms and talk to your doctor about taking supplements or changing your medications.
How long does it take to see the desired result?
It takes several months for most people to see the benefits of increasing vitamin B7 intake. Is. If you increase your intake through food, you should include foods rich in this vitamin in your daily diet so that consuming more of it can make a significant difference. If you are taking the pill, it is important to take it regularly as directed by your doctor.
Although studies on biotin are limited, studies conducted in 2012 and 2015 suggest that to achieve the desired result Follow the 90-day consumption period. It is said that the longer the duration of use, the better the results.
Read more: What to eat to prevent hair loss?
What are the side effects of a biotin
supplement? Due to the fact that vitamin B7 is water soluble, its
excess amount is excreted in the urine. Is repelled. So far, mild
side effects such as nausea and digestive problems have been
reported in people who have taken this vitamin as supplements.
However, it is recommended that you consult your doctor before
taking it. Be sure to call your doctor if you experience symptoms
such as an unusual skin rash after taking a supplement.
Taking a very high dose for a long time may cause a skin rash, lower vitamin C and vitamin B6 levels, and increase blood sugar. Be bloody. Your doctor will look at some blood factors to confirm that you are taking too much vitamin B7:
- Vitamin C deficiency
- Vitamin B6 deficiency Li>
- High blood sugar
- Decreased insulin secretion
According to the numbers shown in the test, if your doctor approves of overdose , You should reduce the dose.
The effect of vitamin B7 on blood test results
Taking a biotin supplement may interfere with the results of many blood tests and falsely test results. Raise it up or down, which can lead to misdiagnosis.
Tell your doctor if you are taking a vitamin B7 supplement and need a blood test. Because it may be necessary to stop taking the supplement before the test. Most multivitamins contain low doses of vitamin B7, which is unlikely to interfere with a blood test, but talk to your doctor to be sure. Drug Interactions Vitamin B7
does this product interact with drugs or not? Consumption of alpha-lipoic acid and vitamin B7 can reduce the absorption of both substances in the body. Simultaneous intake of vitamins B5 and B7 also has a negative effect on the absorption of both nutrients.
hair loss, fatigue, mood swings including depression and in severe cases the most common neurological disorders Symptoms are biotin deficiency. If you think your hair loss or thinning or thinning hair is related to a lack of this nutrient, talk to your doctor about the need for supplements. Following a healthy diet and consuming foods rich in vitamin B7, avoiding the constant use of certain medications, and treating underlying diseases that cause malabsorption can prevent a deficiency of this important nutrient.This is for educational and informational purposes only. . Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .
Sources: Healthline, draxe, medlineplus, healthline