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What causes nosebleeds and when is it a concern?

BingMag.com What causes nosebleeds and when is it a concern?

Because of the location of the nose right in the middle of the face and the high density of blood vessels inside it, most of us at least once in our lives We have experienced nosebleeds. When the nasal mucosa dries, bleeding is possible with the slightest stimulation or insertion of a finger into the nose. Due to the fact that the nose is full of blood vessels, any minor damage to it can lead to heavy bleeding.

Usually nosebleeds are not a concern, but in rare cases, especially when the bleeding is persistent or severe, It can be dangerous. In this article from BingMag Meg, we talk about the causes of nosebleeds and how to diagnose and treat it, and answer the question of when to see a doctor to treat this problem. Follow us to the end of this article.

What is nosebleed?

The nose has many blood vessels that help warm and moisturize the air you breathe. Bleeding from the nose or nosebleed, also known as epistaxis, refers to bleeding that usually occurs as a result of damage to these arteries. Depending on the affected area, your doctor may classify nasal bleeding as the two most common anterior and posterior hemorrhages that most likely require medical treatment. Anterior hemorrhage refers to blood that comes from The wall originates between two nostrils. This part of the nose contains a large number of delicate blood vessels. Anterior bleeding is common in children and can be easily treated at home.

Posterior bleeding is related to the distal or deeper parts of the nose, where a branch of an artery enters the nose. Posterior hemorrhage is more severe than anterior hemorrhage and may require medical attention. This type of bleeding usually affects adults and causes blood to flow to the throat.

Nasal bleeding is more common in children and the elderly, but is often not serious. It is also common in people with bleeding disorders or genetic blood disorders, people who are taking blood thinners, and those who are taking drugs through their noses.

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What are the common causes of nosebleeds?

BingMag.com What causes nosebleeds and when is it a concern?

Bleeding from the nose is caused by a ruptured blood vessel in the nose and may not have a clear cause. Dry air is the most common cause of nosebleeds. Living in a dry climate and using a central heating system can lead to drying of the nasal membranes, which are the tissues inside the nose. This dryness causes scaling inside the nose. In these cases, bleeding may occur as a result of irritating the nose or inserting a finger into it.

Taking antihistamines and other medications used to treat allergies, colds, or respiratory problems can also damage the nasal membrane. Dry and cause bleeding. Other causes of nosebleeds include:

  • inserting a finger into the nose
  • severe blow to the nose
  • cold air
  • Inserting a foreign object into the nose
  • Allergy
  • Frequent sneezing
  • Upper respiratory tract infection
  • A severe blow to the nose, especially if the head has been hit
  • Having blood disorders such as hemophilia
  • Using blood thinners such as heparin
  • Having genetic diseases such as Von Willebrand's disease
  • High Blood Pressure, also known as "Critical Blood Pressure"
  • Head and Neck Cancer

Incidents that may cause nosebleeds include: Falling, driving accident or punching in the face. Post-traumatic nosebleeds are often a sign of a broken nose, skull fracture, or internal bleeding.

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How is the cause of nosebleeds diagnosed?

BingMag.com What causes nosebleeds and when is it a concern?

Finds the nose, performs a physical examination. For this purpose, it examines your nose for the presence of foreign objects inside it. It will then ask you questions about your medical history and the medications you are taking. If you experience any other symptoms or have recently had an accident, talk to your doctor.

There is no specific test to determine the cause of nosebleeds. However, your doctor may use the following diagnostic methods to help find the cause:

  • Complete blood cell count (CBC), which is a blood test to check for blood disorders.
  • Nasal endoscopy
  • CT scan Nose
  • X-ray of the nose and face

What is the treatment for nosebleeds?

Many people develop nosebleeds, and in most cases The bleeding stops after a few minutes. Whether the bleeding is minor or severe, it is recommended that you use first aid to reduce or stop the bleeding. To do this, sit down, tilt your head slightly forward, breathe through your mouth, and press on the soft part of your nose for 10 minutes.

Do not lie down while your nose bleeds. Because it swallows blood and irritates the stomach. After 10 minutes, release your nose and check to see if the bleeding has stopped. Repeat these steps if you continue to bleed. You can also apply ice or a cold compress to your nose to prevent bleeding.

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  • Closing the nose: In this method, something like sterile gas is placed inside the nose to stop bleeding. Stop. This creates constant pressure and absorbs excess blood and helps the blood to clot.
  • Use drops, sprays, ointments or gels: Keep lubricants moist Having a nasal passage helps. Nasal sprays can also constrict the blood vessels in the nose.
  • Changing the medicine: If the medicine is the cause of nosebleeds, your doctor may recommend changing the medicine. It is important to note that you should not change your medication before consulting your doctor.
  • Burning of the nasal vein: Bleeding is used.
  • Surgery: If other methods are not effective in treating nosebleeds, methods such as suturing or closing blood vessels can prevent bleeding. li>

When does nosebleeds need medical attention?

BingMag.com What causes nosebleeds and when is it a concern?

  • Severe.
  • Makes you feel weak or dizzy.
  • disrupts daily activities.

You should also seek emergency care in the following cases:

  • Bleeding more than It should take 15 to 30 minutes.
  • You have been hospitalized for nosebleeds in the past.
  • Have a history of blood clots due to nosebleeds.
  • >
  • Recently Have experienced at least three nosebleeds and headaches at the same time.

When the following people develop nosebleeds, you should contact your doctor:

  • People taking blood thinners.
  • People with symptoms of anemia
  • People who have a blood clotting disease They are not done properly.

How can nosebleeds be prevented?

BingMag.com What causes nosebleeds and when is it a concern?

  • Do not insert a finger into the nose li>
  • Slow Fin
  • Keep your nose clean and moist with saline spray or gel
  • If possible, use a fumigator to keep the environment moist Avoid irritants such as smoke
  • Avoid allergens and control allergies
  • Take steps to control diseases that require blood thinners Arand.

Concluding remarks

Nosebleeds can be scary and frustrating, but they are not usually a sign of a serious problem. Numerous factors such as taking certain medications, inserting a finger into the nose and getting a blow to the nose are involved in the occurrence of this problem. Most nosebleeds are anterior and are often treated at home. Anterior bleeding usually occurs suddenly and does not last long.

If the bleeding is severe or does not stop, you should see a doctor. You also need medical attention if nosebleeds are caused by a blow to the head or lead to weakness, breathing problems or swallowing a significant amount of blood. Bleeding from the nose may be more severe in people with blood disorders, people taking blood thinners, and people taking drugs through the nose.

This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the Digitica Magazine Disclaimer .

Sources: medicalnewstoday, healthline

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