What are the symptoms of hives in children and how is it treated?

Hives is one of the most common skin diseases that affects about 20% of people at some point in their lives. Hives can occur at any age, but young children with allergies are more susceptible than others. Usually, the symptoms of hives in children go away within 24 hours, but the skin may bleed due to scratching.

BingMag.com What are the symptoms of hives in children and how is it treated?

Hives is one of the most common skin diseases that affects about 20% of people at some point in their lives. Hives can occur at any age, but young children with allergies are more susceptible than others. Usually, the symptoms of hives in children go away within 24 hours, but the skin may bleed due to scratching.

Hives vary in shape and size and may appear anywhere on the body. They are often itchy and appear as patches or raised lesions. In this article from BingMag, we will examine hives in children and ways to treat it. Stay with us until the end of the article.

The cause of urticaria in children

Hives occurs when the body releases histamine in contact with a foreign substance, thereby causing leakage of small blood vessels. It goes under the skin. As a result, the fluid accumulates inside the skin and creates large spots and blisters.

Hives can be seen individually or in groups on the skin. Individual hives can last from a few hours to several weeks, and new hives may replace those that disappear.

Hives can be acute or chronic. In acute conditions, hives are temporary, while chronic hives last for a longer period of time. The three main causes of hives are:

  • allergic reaction
  • physical stimulus
  • disease

In young children, acute urticaria is caused by one of the following:

  • Infection
  • Pressure on an area of the skin, for example sitting for a long time or carrying a heavy backpack. Shoulders
  • Food
  • Medication
  • Exposure to allergens such as latex or plants

In rare cases, Exposure to water or sunlight can cause hives. Hives caused by physical causes (pressure, cold, or sunlight) are called physical hives, and hives that have no known cause are called idiopathic hives.

Infections, including viral and bacterial infections, are responsible for more 40% of cases of hives are acute. In young children with acute urticaria, infection is the most common cause of hives.

Chronic urticaria usually occurs when the child has atopy. Atopy is a genetic trait that increases the sensitivity of the immune system and makes those with this trait more susceptible to allergies.

Types of urticaria

BingMag.com What are the symptoms of hives in children and how is it treated?

As mentioned in the previous section, there are two types of hives: acute hives and chronic hives. Acute hives usually go away within 6 weeks, while chronic hives last more than 6 weeks and, in some cases, go away only to reappear a few days later. There are 2 categories of chronic urticaria:

  • Spontaneous chronic urticaria: There is no known trigger for its occurrence.
  • Induced chronic urticaria. : Certain stimuli play a role in the occurrence of hives symptoms in children.

Hives symptoms in children

The prominent red bumps are the main symptom of hives. Pimples can:

  • have a pale center.
  • appear in clusters.
  • change shape and location within hours.
  • Be small or big.
  • Be accompanied by itching or a burning sensation.

In some cases, a person has hives and angioedema. Angioedema is a condition that causes swelling around the eyes, lips, hands, feet, and throat, and can cause more severe symptoms such as breathing problems. Rarely, hives and angioedema are associated with a systemic allergic reaction or anaphylactic shock. Symptoms of anaphylactic shock include difficulty breathing, low blood pressure, dizziness, or loss of consciousness (fainting).

How is hives diagnosed?

Most of the time, a doctor will only Looking at the skin can detect hives. To find the cause, you may be asked questions about your child's medical history, recent illnesses, medications, exposure to allergens, and daily stressors.

If your child has chronic hives. Yes, the doctor will ask you to record his daily activities (including foods and drinks consumed and when and where the hives develop). Diagnostic tests, such as blood tests and allergy tests, are also likely to be done to find the exact cause of the hives.

To check for physical hives, the doctor will put ice on your child's skin to test its reaction to cold, or a sandbag or other He places heavy objects on the thighs to see if the pressure causes hives.

What can be done to treat hives in children?

BingMag.com What are the symptoms of hives in children and how is it treated?

In most cases, treating children's hives at home is the best option. Treatment can include over-the-counter medications such as antihistamines or anti-inflammatory medications and home remedies. Before use Ask your pediatrician about antihistamines for infants and toddlers.

Home remedies that can help treat hives in children and relieve itching include:

  • Wear loose, cotton clothes
  • Avoid very hot or very cold temperatures
  • Use a fragrance-free moisturizer on the itchy area
  • Use a cool compress
  • Cool bath

If the hives are only seen in one part of the child's body, there is probably something on his skin that has irritated the skin and caused the hives. Wash the child's body with soap and water and change his clothes. To treat itching, use calamine lotion, 1% hydrocortisone cream, or a mixture of water and baking soda. You can also apply a cold compress to the itchy areas or place the child in a cool bath for 20 minutes. :

  • Stronger types of antihistamines
  • Steroid medication
  • Menthol cream

If the symptoms of urticaria are severe and is accompanied by anaphylaxis, the doctor prescribes an epinephrine auto-injector. An injection of epinephrine or adrenaline will quickly treat the dangerous symptoms of an allergic reaction.

When should you see a doctor?

If treating hives in children at home is not effective and the hives have been present for more than Continued for 6 weeks, see a doctor. Take pictures of the skin before calling the doctor, as the hives may disappear by the time of the visit.

If the hives go away but keep coming back, the child may be allergic to something. Through tests, the doctor will determine whether or not allergens are responsible for the hives.

If the throat, mouth, lips, or tongue become swollen or the child has difficulty speaking or breathing, seek medical attention immediately. See a doctor. These symptoms may be a sign of a severe allergic reaction.

Hives Prevention

BingMag.com What are the symptoms of hives in children and how is it treated?

Following preventive measures can reduce the chance of hives getting worse or recurring. Stimulants are factors that increase the level of histamine in the skin and increase the amount of other similar chemicals. If the trigger for hives is known, it is easier to prevent it from occurring. Because one knows what to avoid. Common triggers of hives include:

  • a viral infection, such as a cold or hepatitis
  • a bacterial infection, such as strep throat or a urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Food or drink, such as nuts or eggs
  • Insect bites
  • Medications such as penicillin or aspirin
  • Latex
  • Certain plants
  • li>
  • Cold air
  • Sweat
  • Animal hair
  • Tight clothing

If the stimulus is unclear, better Eliminate possible triggers to see if the symptoms of hives in children go away. Reducing stress can also help control symptoms, as stress plays a role in hives.

Final Word

Hives is common in young children, but it can affect people of any age. . In children, hives are often caused by allergic reactions that cause the immune system to release chemicals such as histamine into the skin in response to stimuli.

Usually, the symptoms of hives in children are not worrisome and the problem goes away on its own. goes. However, the rash is annoying and can be itchy. If the hives persist or the symptoms are bothersome, you should contact your doctor. If the child shows symptoms of anaphylaxis, such as difficulty speaking or breathing, see a doctor immediately.

This article is for educational and informational purposes only. Before using the recommendations of this article, be sure to consult a specialist doctor. For more information, read BingMag Disclaimer.

Sources: medicalnewstoday, kidshealth, webmd

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.