Eczema in Children
Children with Eczema Eczema causes itching and inflammation of the skin, which can lead to cracking, blistering, and scaling of children's skin. Itching caused by eczema can be very irritating and disturb sleep. Eczema can be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental stimuli and factors. There are many home remedies and medications that can reduce itching and dry skin in children. Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema. Both children and adults get this skin condition. Atopic dermatitis usually begins in the first 6 months of a person's life. Children with asthma or allergic rhinitis are more likely to develop eczema.
There are different types of eczema. Other types of eczema include contact dermatitis, dichroic eczema, nomular eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis./ul>
Symptoms of Eczema in Children
Signs and symptoms of eczema vary depending on the type of eczema in the child. If eczema persists, the skin can also change over time. Symptoms of eczema in children include dryness and itching of the skin.> Rubbing or scratching the skin
Because eczema can cause severe itching And if it hurts, children may become more irritable than usual. Eczema can also interfere with a baby's sleep, which can affect the way children feel and behave during the day.
Eczema may vary depending on the baby's skin color. li> 11 common skin diseases in infants and how to treat them
The site of eczema
Infants under one year of age may be more prone to eczema in the following areas:
It may then spread to the following areas:
It is rare for eczema to affect the baby's diaper area.
Eczema stage in children
And the appearance of eczema problems changes as children get older and may vary from child to child. However, the following symptoms may be more likely at certain ages:
Infants (up to 6 months)
- Eczema is more common on the face, cheeks, scalp and forehead It becomes. It may later affect the elbows and knees.
- Scalp eczema is common in infants, also known as cradle cap.
Infants (6 to 12 months)
- Eczema may appear on the elbows and knees.
- Infants may Rub the itchy spots on the skin or steam and cause more irritation.
- The affected areas may produce yellow scabs or "purulent bumps". May cause further irritation.
Toddlers (2 to 5 years old)
- Eczema is more common in the elbows and knees, ankles and hands and around Mouth and eyelids are seen.
- Toddlers may intentionally steam the skin, causing redness and inflammation of the skin.
- Skin that has been affected for some time may become rough and itchy. It looks scaly.
Children (5 years and older)
- Eczema is common in the elbow and knee joints.
- Inflammation of the skin can occur anywhere on the skin>
- Stimuli are easier to diagnose.
Outlook in children
Many children with eczema in infants show signs of improvement by age 5 or 6. They show age. The disease can go away on its own completely.
However, some children may notice a return of their eczema as they reach puberty. It can also last into adulthood. Causes and Stimuli Eczema is not contagious; Therefore, it is not transmitted from person to person. Experts believe that eczema occurs due to a combination of inherited genes and stimuli in the environment. Eczema may be familial.
Some people with eczema have mutations in a gene that produces the filaggrin protein. If a person does not have enough filigree, their skin may become dry and prone to infection.
Children born to parents with a history of allergic conditions such as eczema, asthma and hay fever are more prone to these diseases. . According to a 2017 study, children with eczema in infancy and childhood are more likely to develop hay fever and allergic rhinitis or allergic rhinitis. The outside of the body can stimulate the immune system to cause inflammation. This causes eczema, which involves recurrent inflammation of the skin prone to eczema.
As toddlers discover their environment, they are exposed to a wider range of allergens and stimuli. It is very difficult to identify the substances that cause pimples and eczema symptoms. These factors may be a combination of biochemical processes. Pediatric eczema is common and often develops spontaneously and resolves on its own. Consult your doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- Purulent bumps on the affected areas of the skin
- Increased redness and fever Contact your doctor around areas affected by yellow scabs on eczema
If your child's eczema does not respond to specific treatment. Your doctor may change your child's prescription or recommend another treatment.
Diagnosis of eczema in children
The doctor usually diagnoses the disease by looking at the skin and asking the following questions:
- What are the child's symptoms?
- When did the symptoms start?
- Where do pimples appear?
- Does anyone in the family have eczema, asthma or hay fever?
Rejects skin diseases that can cause inflammation. He or she may also recommend that your child see a dermatologist or allergist.
Your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids to treat your child's eczema. This drug is sometimes called steroid creams or cortisone. Apply a small amount once or twice a day on the affected areas of the skin. These creams and ointments are different in strength and can thin the skin over time. That's why you should use them sparingly.
Non-steroidal eczema medications may also help. These include tacrolimus ointment, pimecrolimus cream, and chrysaburol ointment.
Some children may also take oral medications; Including:
- Antihistamines to reduce itching
- Antibiotics for eczema infection
- Corticosteroid pills that suppress the immune system biologic therapies Biologic therapies are methods that help treat the part of the immune system that causes eczema. Dupilumab is an FDA-approved biologic therapy. Is that children can use it from 6 years old and up. This method may be helpful for moderate to severe eczema that has not been treated with topical medications and skin care.
- Bathe in warm (not hot) water for 10 minutes. Avoid using scented, foaming or colored detergents. Dry the skin gently and use the prescribed medicine. Then, use a moisturizer. Use a moisturizer twice a day or as needed, even when there is no rash on the skin.
- Cover children with clothes made of natural fibers such as cotton. Soft fabrics are less likely to cause itchy skin.
- Make sure your baby drinks enough water and does not become dehydrated.
- Apply any medication prescribed by your doctor to any rash and Apply some moisturizer to the rest of the skin.
- Soak baby clothes in warm water.
- Moisten clothes until water does not seep in.
- Cover the baby with wet clothes, then put dry, comfortable clothes on it.
- Make sure the baby's bedroom is warm or give him a blanket if he feels cold.
- Keep wet blankets on the baby for at least 30 minutes or leave them on overnight with a wet blanket.
- Remove wet blankets from the baby.
- Add half a cup of odorless, simple home bleach or one-third cup of concentrated household bleach to a full tub of warm bath water. Stir the water well to dilute the bleach and spread it in the water. For smaller tubs and smaller children, use only 2 tablespoons of bleach for a tub full of water. If these areas are affected by eczema, it will get. When bathing, always monitor the baby and keep the bleach out of the reach of the baby.
- Rinse the tub thoroughly on the baby's skin.
- Wipe the skin with a towel Dry gently.
- Apply the eczema medicine to any skin rashes and inflammations.
- Apply moisturizer all over the baby's skin.
Pediatric nurses should not use any medication unless prescribed by a doctor or Recommended. Nurses need to make sure that medicines are kept out of the reach of children.
Treatment of dry skin
Here are some tips to help treat dry skin in children with eczema. Useful:
The following tips can help prevent itchy skin in children with eczema:
Prevent the child from scratching the skin
Scratching can lead to infection and even more itching in Create skin. Keeping your baby's nails short, using cotton gloves to wear at night, and generally preventing them from scratching the skin can help improve the condition.
Try wet cover treatments
Children with eczema may be more susceptible to infections that need to be treated with antibiotics. However, a nurse or mother can prevent infection by using a diluted bleach bath 2-3 times a week.
The following instructions for a dilute bleach bath are provided:
According to a valid study in 2019, many nurses of infants with atopic dermatitis exclude certain foods from their diet. Children eliminate it, believing that these foods cause inflammation and exacerbate the disease. Common elimination foods include nuts, dairy products, and eggs.
This study found that children who were excluded from three foods became deficient in certain nutrients, such as protein, fat, calcium, and iron. . Researchers have suggested that restricting food has a negative effect on the growth of toddlers with atopic dermatitis; But more research is needed to prove this claim.
Eczema is common in children and can develop spontaneously or even improve on its own. The triggers for eczema are different and difficult to diagnose; But it can include certain foods, pollens and herbs or lotions.
Nurses and parents can take steps to improve the baby's skin inflammation. The use of moisturizers, ointments and creams prescribed by a doctor is one of the common treatments to improve this skin problem in children. Do not use creams, ointments, or oral medications without a doctor's prescription. Even medicines and ointments for adults with eczema may not be suitable for children.This is for educational and informational purposes only. Be sure to consult a specialist before using the recommendations in this article. For more information, read the BingMag Meg Disclaimer .